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Ficidae (fig shell)

Gastropoda - Ficidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1864Ficidae Meek
1931Ficidae Olsson p. 97
1988Ficidae Ponder and Warén p. 302
1995Ficidae Chiesa et al. p. 54
1998Ficidae Beesley p. 797
2001Ficidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 706
2001Ficidae Todd
2001Ficidae Wienrich p. 439
2002Ficidae Harzhauser p. 90
2003Ficidae Jeffery
2004Ficidae Harzhauser p. 135
2005Ficidae Bouchet et al. p. 250
2010Ficidae Landau and Marques da Silva p. 60

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyFicoideaMeek 1864
familyFicidaeMeek 1864
familyFicidaeMeek 1864

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Predatory carnivore according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 07:59:24
Modified: 2009-09-10 09:59:24
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Santonian to the top of the Holocene or 86.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 83.6 Ma

Collections (662 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Ficus inaequalis (31383)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0USA (California) Perissolax brevirostris (193032)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cypraea capensis (47109)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6Mozambique Proficus capensis (174826)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (California) Bulbificopsis garza (176784 176930) Priscoficus sp. (176785 185453 185456 185457 185507 185509 185631 185635 185743) Pseudogaleodea sp. (83790)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Tennessee) Perissolax whitfieldi (88357)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Ficus russelli (45876)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Alabama) Priscoficus spp. (98430)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Belgium Ficopsis bicarinata (22931)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Arkansas) Priscoficus spp. (91872)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (California) Perissolax tricarinatus (37389 37396)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Colombia (Guajira) Fulguroficus hoffstetteri, Priscoficus johnstoni (99141)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Poland Ficopsis intermedia (27625)
Danian66.0 - 61.6New Zealand (Southland) Proficus obtusa (50176)
Danian - Selandian66.0 - 59.2USA (Arkansas) Priscoficus spp. (99175)
Danian - Thanetian66.0 - 56.0USA (Louisiana) Priscoficus juvenis (52190 52196)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (Montana) Ficus affinis (40745)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (Wyoming) Ficus affinis (57993)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Mexico (Baja California Sur) Urosyca caudata (43762)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (New Mexico) Ficus affinis (43161 43249 52936 52940)