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Chirotherium

Reptilia - Chirotheriidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1835Chirotherium Kaup pp. 327-328
1835Chirosaurus Kaup p. 328
1861Saurichnites Geinitz
1889Otozoum parvum Hitchcock pp. 122-123
1889Otozoum parvum Lesley pp. 571-573
1894Otozoum parvum Lyman p. 214
1895Otozoum parvum Lyman figs. Pl. 608
1898Otozoum parvum Hitchcock p. 402
1904Otozoum parvum Lull p. 515
1915Chirotherium parvum Lull p. 226 fig. 77
1917Chirotherium parvum Lull p. 119
1923Krokodilipus Nopcsa
1948Chirotherium Peabody p. 340
1952Saurichnites Bock p. 403
1952Chirotherium Bock p. 410
1952Chirotherium parvum Bock pp. 410-414 figs. Pl. 41-43
1954Chirotherium Baird p. 167
1954Chirotherium parvum Baird p. 174
1957Chirotherium parvum Baird p. 473 figs. 5, 6A
1957Chirotherium eyermani Baird p. 479 fig. 6B
1958Chirotherium Kuhn p. 21
1958Chirotherium parvum Kuhn p. 21
1958Chirotherium eyermani Kuhn p. 22
1963Chirotherium Kuhn p. 68
1963Chirotherium eyermani Kuhn p. 70
1963Brachychirotherium parvum Kuhn p. 76
1968Chirotherium parvum Courel et al. p. 277
1969Chirotherium Haubold p. 91
1969Chirotherium eyermani Haubold p. 93 fig. 3
1969Chirotherium parvum Haubold p. 93 fig. 3
1971Brachychirotherium eyermani Haubold
1971Brachychirotherium parvum Haubold
1972Brachychirotherium parvum Demathieu and Haubold p. 805
1972Chirotherium Demathieu and Haubold p. 805
1980Chirotherium eyermani Olsen p. 29
1980Chirotherium Tongiorgi p. 81
1986Brachychirotherium parvum Lockley p. 9
1986Brachychirotherium eyermani Olsen and Baird p. 21
1986Brachychirotherium parvum Olsen and Baird p. 21
1989Chirotherium Demathieu p. 202
2003Brachychirotherium parvum Rainforth p. 817
2003Chirotherium Rainforth pp. 824-826
2005Chirotherium Gand and Demathieu p. 726
2006Brachychirotherium parvum Weems p. 376
2007Brachychirotherium parvum Hunt and Lucas p. 217

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
Pseudosuchia(Zittel 1890)
familyChirotheriidaeAbel 1935
genusChirotheriumKaup 1835

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Diet: carnivoresubo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:38:45
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:38:45
Source: subo = suborder, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Artinskian to the top of the Turonian or 290.10000 to 89.80000 Ma

Collections (80 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Poland (Lower Silesia) Saurichnites leisnerianus (187930)
Artinskian - Capitanian290.1 - 259.9Czech Republic (Hradec Kralove) Saurichnites lacertoides, Saurichnites kablikae (180863)
Induan252.17 - 251.2China (Guizhou) C. sp. (60516)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2United Kingdom (England) C. barthii, C. vorbachi, C. sp. (52505) C. herculis (164932) C. storetonense, C. minus, C. vorbachi, C. sp., C. minus (164930)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Spain (Islas Baleares) C. sp. (95349)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2United Kingdom (County Down) C. sp. (197357)
Early/Lower Triassic - Middle Triassic252.17 - 237.0Germany (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) C. parvum, C. barthi (192151)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2USA (Utah) C. sp. (135440)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Arizona) C. moquiensis (95109) C. rex, C. minus (95107)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2USA (Wyoming) C. barthii (135634 135635 135636 135637)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Morocco (Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz) C. barthii (149976)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0USA (Arizona) C. sp. (105106)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (Staffordshire) C. sp. (197356)
Olenekian - Anisian251.2 - 242.0Germany (Thuringia) C. barthi, C. sickleri (191138) C. bornemanni (191137) C. sp. (191139) C. sp., C. barthii, C. barthi, C. pfeifferi, C. vorbachi, C. hildburghausense (182300)
Aegean247.2 - 242.0France (Grand Est) C. sp. (189021)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0USA (Utah) C. moquiensis (114090)
Aegean - Bithynian247.2 - 242.0USA (Arizona) C. barthi (114095) C. barthii (135413) C. rex, C. barthi (95093 114094) C. sp. (34888)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (Staffordshire) C. sp., C. barthii, C. sickleri (197353) C. sp., C. storetonense (197350) C. vorbachi (197352)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (Wirral) C. sp. (197349)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (80838 197351) Otozoum swinnertoni (83053)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (Cheshire) C. sp., C. barthii (197296)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Spain (Castilla-La Mancha) C. sp. (74513)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) C. sp. (194584)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Poland (Swietoryzskie) C. barthii (175801)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Netherlands (Gelderland) Rhynchosauroides peabodyi (96875)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Bolzano) C. sp. (196816)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy Brachychirotherium parvum, C. rex (154341)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0France (Saône-et-Loire) C. barthi (28462)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Germany (Thuringia) C. barthi (191135 191136) C. pfeifferi (191134)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) C. parvum, C. barthi, C. coureli (31310)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0China (Guizhou) C. barthii (196817 196818)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0France (Saône-et-Loire) Brachychirotherium lorteti, C. sp. (28092)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Brachychirotherium parvum (55416)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Bayern) C. sp. (97735) C. wondrai (55417) Dinosaurichnium postchirotherioides (139731)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Italy (Toscana) C. angustum (68779)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) C. sp. (187948)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Virginia) C. sp. (192421)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (174686)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Argentina (Mendoza) C. sp., C. higuerensis (85558)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3United Kingdom (Scotland) C. sp. (174684)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5United Kingdom (Warwickshire) C. sp. (197334)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Jersey) Brachychirotherium parvum, Brachychirotherium eyermani (55412) C. eyermani, C. copei, Anomoepus major (46622) C. lulli (55492 62841)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Colorado) Cheirotherium sp. (55259)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New York) C. lulli, Brachychirotherium eyermani (57917)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Virginia) Brachychirotherium parvum, C. lulli (154230)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Brachychirotherium eyermani (52168) C. sp. (84021)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Pennsylvania) Brachychirotherium eyermani (55414 55415) C. lulli (84116)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Argentina (La Rioja) C. sp. (85569)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (Virginia) Brachychirotherium parvum (68889)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Pennsylvania) C. lulli (62766)
Sinemurian199.3 - 190.8Lesotho C. sp. (56014)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8Egypt (Aswan) C. sp. (138680)