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Orcinus orca (orca)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Delphinidae

Taxonomy
Delphinus orca was named by Linnaeus (1758) [no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No type specimen designated (Hershkovitz, 1966). no type specimen designated No 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It is extant. Its type specimen is 1.

It was recombined as Phocaena orca by De Kay (1842); it was synonymized subjectively with Orca gladiator by Gray (1846) and Gray (1846); it was synonymized subjectively with Orca capensis by Gray (1870); it was recombined as Grampus orca by Sherman (1952); it was recombined as Orcinus orca by Palmer (1899), Trouessart (1904), Thomas (1911), Oliver (1922), Scheffer and Rice (1963), Hershkovitz (1966), Barnes (1977), Vidal (1991), Rice (1998), Mead and Brownell (2005), Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008), Geisler et al. (2011) and Perrin et al. (2013).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Delphinus orca Linnaeus p. 77
1789Delphinus gladiator Bonnaterre
1789Orca gladiator Bonnaterre
1804Delphinus orca Lacépède p. 298
1804Delphinus gladiator Lacépède p. 302
1804Delphinus duhameli Lacépède p. 314
1829Delphinus orca Fischer p. 511
1842Phocaena orca De Kay p. 135
1846Orca gladiator Gray p. 33
1846Orca capensis Gray p. 34
1847Delphinus orca Nilsson p. 603
1850Orca gladiator Gray p. 93
1850Orca capensis Gray p. 95
1852Delphinus orca Gervais p. 148
1864Orca gladiator Gray p. 244
1866Orca magellanica Burmeister p. 99 figs. Plate 9, Figure 5
1866Orca gladiator Gray p. 279
1866Orca capensis Gray p. 283
1868Orca (Ophysia) capensis Gray p. 8
1868Orca gladiator Gray p. 8
1868Orca magellanica Gray p. 8
1869Orca ater Scammon and Cope
1869Orca rectipinna Scammon and Cope
1870Orca (Gladiator) capensis Gray p. 71
1870Orca (Gladiator) stenorhyncha Gray p. 71 figs. Fig. 1 & 3
1870Orca (Gladiator) latirostris Gray p. 76
1870Orca (Gladiator) magellanica Gray p. 76
1870Orca (Ophysia) pacifica Gray p. 76
1888Orca magellanica Moreno p. 22
1889Orca magellanica Ameghino p. 886
1891Orca gladiator Newton p. 76
1898Orca gladiator Trouessart p. 1048
1899Orcinus orca Palmer p. 23
1904Orcinus orca Trouessart p. 771
1904Orcinus orca capensis Trouessart p. 771
1904Orcinus orca magellanica Trouessart p. 771
1904Orcinus rectipinna Trouessart p. 771
1911Orcinus orca Thomas p. 158
1912Orca gladiator Turner p. 109
1922Orcinus orca Oliver p. 577
1952Grampus orca Sherman p. 99
1963Orcinus orca Scheffer and Rice p. 8
1966Orcinus orca Hershkovitz p. 82
1977Orcinus orca Barnes
1981Orcinus nanus Mikhalev and Ivashin
1983Orcinus glacialis Berzin and Vladimirov
1991Orcinus orca Vidal p. 5
1998Orcinus orca Rice p. 119
2005Orcinus orca Mead and Brownell p. 731
2008Orcinus orca Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 981 figs. Fig. 2
2011Orcinus orca Geisler et al. p. 6 figs. Table 1
2013Orcinus orca Perrin et al. p. 571 figs. Table 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
Odontoceti()
infraorderDelphinida
superfamilyDelphinoidea
familyDelphinidae
genusOrcinus
speciesorca()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available