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Carolinacetus

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Protocetidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2005Carolinacetus Geisler et al. p. 6 figs. 1-24
2005Carolinacetus Gingerich et al. p. 200
2008Carolinacetus McLeod and Barnes p. 93
2008Carolinacetus Uhen p. 560
2011Carolinacetus Bianucci and Gingerich p. 1174
2011Carolinacetus Uhen et al. p. 966 figs. Figure 10
2014Carolinacetus Uhen p. 211
2015Carolinacetus Gao and Ni p. 156 figs. Table 1
2016Carolinacetus Marx et al. p. 100
2017Carolinacetus Berta p. 159
2017Carolinacetus Mourlam and Orliac

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
familyProtocetidae
genusCarolinacetus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. D. Uhen 2008Carolinacetus can be distinguished from other protocetids by the presence of a posterodorsal tongue of the petrosal that is exposed between the exoccipital and the squamosal with the skull in posterior view and a mandible with a steep ascending process and a deeply descending ventral margin posteriorly (Geisler et al. 2005).
M. J. Mourlam and M. J. Orliac 2017The petrosal of ?Carolinacetus sp. is charac- terized by a shallow, bowl-shaped fossa for the tensor tympani muscle. In addition, ?Carolinacetus sp. shares with Carolinacetus gingerichi: (1) a thin anteroventral side of the internal auditory meatus riddle with foramina, and (2) the presence of tuberosities 4 and 5 forming a sub- circular pit on the dorsal surface of the involucrum.