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Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulate)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla

Taxonomy
Artiodactyla was named by Owen (1848). It is extant.

It was reranked as the suborder Artiodactyla by Cope (1889), Flower and Lydekker (1891), Andrews (1906) and Lambe (1908); it was synonymized subjectively with Cetartiodactyla by Waddell et al. (1999), Ursing et al. (2000), Boisserie et al. (2005) and Boisserie et al. (2011); it was reranked as the order Artiodactyla by Owen (1848), Flower (1883), Gregory (1910), Ferrusquia-Villafranca (1969), Hamilton (1978), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Stuenes (1989), Shoshani et al. (1989), Montgelard et al. (1997), Lucas et al. (1998), Archibald (1998), Weston (2000), Thewissen et al. (2001), Boisserie et al. (2003), Boisserie (2005), Ferrusquía-Villafranca (2006), Hulbert and Whitmore (2006), Spaulding et al. (2009), Asher and Helgen (2010), Lander and Lindsay (2011) and Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014).

It was assigned to Diplarthra by Cope (1889); to Ungulata by Flower and Lydekker (1891) and Lambe (1908); to Paraxonia by Gregory (1910); to Eparctocyona by McKenna (1975); to Eutheria by Hooker (1986); to Eutheria by Carroll (1988) and Nowak (1991); to Ungulata by Owen (1848), Flower (1883), Andrews (1906) and Archibald (1998); to Cetartiodactyla by Montgelard et al. (1997) and Thewissen et al. (2001); to Artiodactylamorpha by Spaulding et al. (2009); to Euungulata by Asher and Helgen (2010); to Mammalia by Uhen et al. (2011); to Mammalia by Ferrusquia-Villafranca (1969), Hamilton (1978), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Stuenes (1989), Shoshani et al. (1989), Lucas et al. (1998), Weston (2000), Boisserie et al. (2003), Boisserie (2005), Ferrusquía-Villafranca (2006), Hulbert and Whitmore (2006), Prothero and Liter (2008), Prothero (2008), Morgan et al. (2009) and Lander and Lindsay (2011); and to Eutheria by Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1848Artiodactyla Owen p. 131
1883Artiodactyla Flower p. 184
1889Artiodactyla Cope p. 876
1891Artiodactyla Flower and Lydekker p. 89
1906Artiodactyla Andrews p. 178
1908Artiodactyla Lambe
1910Artiodactyla Gregory p. 466
1947Nothokemadidae White p. 508
1969Artiodactyla Ferrusquia-Villafranca
1975Artiodactyla McKenna p. 43
1978Artiodactyla Hamilton p. 168
1981Artiodactyla Thurmond and Jones p. 187
1986Artiodactyla Hooker p. 376
1988Artiodactyla Carroll
1989Artiodactyla Shoshani et al. p. 436
1989Artiodactyla Stuenes p. 243
1991Artiodactyla Nowak
1997Cetartiodactyla Montgelard et al.
1997Artiodactyla Montgelard et al. p. 555
1997Cetartiodactyla Montgelard et al. p. 556
1998Artiodactyla Archibald
1998Artiodactyla Lucas et al. p. 426
1999Cetartiodactyla Waddell et al. p. 3
2000Artiodactyla Weston p. 177
2001Cetartiodactyla Madsen et al. p. 610
2001Artiodactyla Thewissen et al. p. suppl.
2001Cetartiodactyla Thewissen et al. p. suppl.
2001Cetartiodactyla Waddell et al. p. 148
2003Artiodactyla Boisserie et al. p. 16
2004Cetartiodactyla Uhen p. 11
2005Artiodactyla Boisserie p. 12
2006Artiodactyla Ferrusquía-Villafranca p. 993
2006Artiodactyla Hulbert and Whitmore p. 6
2008Cetartiodactyla Bisconti p. 162
2008Artiodactyla Prothero
2008Artiodactyla Prothero and Liter
2009Artiodactyla Morgan et al.
2009Artiodactyla Spaulding et al.
2010Artiodactyla Asher and Helgen p. 3
2010Cetartiodactyla Weston and Boisserie p. 853
2011Artiodactyla Lander and Lindsay p. 221
2011Artiodactyla Uhen et al. p. 957
2014Artiodactyla Vianey-Liaud et al. p. 606

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
RankNameAuthor
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
orderArtiodactyla()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available