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Chondrostei

Actinopteri -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1844Chondrostei Müller
1934Chondrostei Heintz p. S187
1946Chondrostei Dunkle p. 402
1963Chondrostei Jordan p. 611
1970Chondrostei Applegate p. 398
1973Chondrostei Daly p. 564
1981Chondrostei Thurmond and Jones p. 80
2002Chondrostei Grande et al.
2006Chondrostei Grande and Hilton p. 5
2006Chondrostei Nelson
2011Chondrostei Long p. 242
2013Chondrostei Betancur-R. et al.
2118Chondrostei Carnevale and Godfrey p. 163

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassChondrostei(Müller 1844)
subclassChondrostei(Müller 1844)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2004-08-17 14:52:40
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:50:42
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
Reference: Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Frasnian to the top of the Holocene or 382.70000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 382.4 Ma

Collections (882 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation Palaeoniscidae indet. (90343)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Quebec) Cheirolepis canadensis (179176)
Kinderhookian360.7 - 353.8USA (Indiana) Rhadinichthys sp. (6730)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Ireland Acrolepis sp. (76515)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Acrolepis hopkinsi, Chirodus pesranae (132729) Rhadinichthys elegantulus, Rhadinichthys angustulus, Phanerosteon mirabile, Elonichthys pulcherrimus, Elonichthys serratus, Holurus parki (140941)
Arundian345.0 - 342.8United Kingdom (Dumfries and Galloway) Canobius ramseyi, Paramesolepis tuberculata, Paramesolepis rhombus, Rhadinichthys tuberculatus, Rhadinichthys fusiformis, Rhadinichthys formosus, Rhadinichthys canobiensis, Styracopterus fulcratus, Mesopoma politum, Mesopoma crassum, Mesopoma macrocephallum, Canobius elegantulus, Cycloptychius concentricus, Rhadinichthys macconochii, Phanerosteon mirabile, Elonichthys pulcherrimus, Elonichthys serratus, Acrolepis ortholepis, Holurus parki, Platysomus superbus, Mesopoma pulchellum (90682)
Holkerian - Asbian342.8 - 336.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Rhadinichthys ornatissimus, Rhadinichthys carinatus, Rhadinichthys brevis (140937)
Asbian339.4 - 336.0USA (Iowa) Palaeoniscoidei indet. (68318)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1United Kingdom (England) Elonichthys sp. (8255 8256 8257) Palaeoniscidae indet. (8424 8443 8444 8453 8454 8456 8612) Rhadinichthys sp., Palaeoniscidae indet. (8428)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1USA (Montana) Cyranorhis bergeraci (116658) Wendyichthys dicksoni (116655 116656 116659 116660 116762 116763) Wendyichthys dicksoni, Cyranorhis bergeraci (90681 116764) Wendyichthys dicksoni, Wendyichthys lautreci, Cyranorhis bergeraci (116654)
Pendleian326.4 - 318.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Mesopoma carricki (195566)
Pendleian - Yeadonian326.4 - 314.6United Kingdom (England) Acrolepis sp. (41198 41221 41224 41225 41259)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2United Kingdom (Northumberland) Gyrolepis rankinii, Platysomus parvulus (132670)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9United Kingdom Isodus leptognathus (132780) Rhadinichthys carinatus, Eurynotus crenatus (140939) Rhadinichthys ornatissimus, Elonichthys striatus, Elonichthys bucklandi, Eurynotus crenatus (140938) Rhadinichthys ornatissimus, Elonichthys striatus, Elonichthys robisoni, Elonichthys bucklandi, Eurynotus crenatus (140936)
Westphalian - Vereian318.1 - 313.8United Kingdom (Wales) Rhadinichthys sp. (8228)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (New Mexico) Palaeonisciformes indet. (149386)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0United Kingdom Cycloptychius carbonarius (137310)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0Greenland Acrolepis sp. (90249)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Elonichthys peltigerus, Elonichthys perpennatus (132078)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Elonichthys perpennatus, Elonichthys disjunctus, Platysomus circularis, Platysomus orbicularis (112630)