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Giraffatitan

Reptilia - Brachiosauridae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1988Brachiosaurus (Giraffatitan) Paul p. 9
1992Giraffatitan Olshevsky p. 183
2009Giraffatitan Taylor p. 799
2010Giraffatitan Ksepka and Norell
2010Giraffatitan Marty et al. p. 129
2012Giraffatitan D'Emic
2013Giraffatitan D'Emic
2013Giraffatitan Mannion et al.
2014Giraffatitan Mocho et al.
2015Giraffatitan Carballido et al.
2016Giraffatitan D'Emic et al.
2016Giraffatitan Salisbury et al. p. 125
2017Giraffatitan Mannion et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Titanosauriformes
familyBrachiosauridae
genusGiraffatitan()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Body mass estimates
estimateequationreference
 47.1 tons Sauropoda femur circumferenceAnderson et al. 1985
Measurements
partNmean
femur circumference1730.0

Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesinfrao
Adult length: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult width: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult height: 10 to < 100infrao
Thickness: thickinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Form: sphericalinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: gregariousinfrao
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Diet: herbivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2004-12-14 12:49:10
Modified: 2004-12-14 14:49:10
Source: infrao = infraorder
References: Kiessling 2004, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Oxfordian to the top of the Late/Upper Kimmeridgian or 163.50000 to 150.80000 Ma

Collections (42 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3Tanzania (Lindi) Brachiosaurus brancai (48387 48388)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Tanzania (Lindi) Brachiosaurus brancai (47146 47151 47153) Brachiosaurus fraasi (47148)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian - Tithonian155.7 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Brachiosaurus brancai (47159 48354 48370 48371 48378 48379 48380 48381 48382 48384) Sauropoda indet. (47147)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Tanzania (Lindi) Brachiosaurus brancai (47123 47137 47141 47142 47143 47145 47156 47157 47161 47182 48344 48345 48349 48350 48358 48363 48364 48367 48374 48377 48385 97536 97537) Sauropoda indet. (47158 48359)