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Ungulata

Mammalia - Ungulata

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1766Ungulata Linnaeus
1821Ungulata Gray p. 305
1825Ungulata Gray p. 342
1850Ungulata Bonaparte p. 1
1883Ungulata Flower p. 184
1889Ungulata Ameghino p. 354
1889Ungulata Cope p. 875
1891Ungulata Flower and Lydekker p. 89
1894Ungulata Ameghino p. 11
1897Ungulata Parker and Haswell p. 452
1898Ungulata Gadow p. 45
1902Ungulata Hay p. 601
1906Ungulata Andrews p. 1
1908Ungulata Lambe
1910Ungulata Gregory p. 466
1930Ungulata Hay p. 600
1937Ungulata Thorpe p. 31
1975Ungulata McKenna p. 42
1989Ungulata Prothero and Schoch p. 530
1998Ungulata Archibald
2003Ungulata McKenna and Lofgren p. 635
2005Ungulata Shoshani and Tassy p. 9

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 300 gs
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialsubc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 20:43:42
Modified: 2005-09-06 22:44:32
Source: s = species, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Luo et al. 2003, Cifelli and Villarroel 1997, Johnson and Madden 1997, Vizcaíno et al. 2010, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Legendre 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Turonian to the top of the Holocene or 93.50000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 89.3 Ma

Collections (8015 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Periptychidae indet. (58168)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Paleoungulatum hooleyi (183109)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Kharmerungulatum vanvaleni (75493)
Pu366.0 - 63.3USA (New Mexico) Tiznatzinia sp., Valenia sp., Chacomylus sladei (26575)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Texas) Promioclaenus sp. (14887) Protoselene sp., Carsioptychus coarctatus, Haploconus inopinatus, Ellipsodon priscus (14829)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (North Dakota) Oxyacodon priscilla (14765)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Colorado) Carsioptychus coarctatus (176748 205865 205867 205895 205900 205901 205903 205907 205908 205910 205914 205928) Carsioptychus coartatus (206072 206084) Carsioptychus sp. (206071) Conacodon delphae (14689) Conacodon entoconus (205919) Conacodon entoconus, Periptychus coarctatus (14683) Conacodon harbourae (88207) Ectoconus ditrigonus (14684 14687 14688 205863 205864 205868 205871 205881 205886) Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14679) Maiorana sp., Ampliconus browni (176863) Mioclaenidae indet., Anisonchus athelas, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14792) Mioclaenidae indet., Conacodon delphae, Periptychus coarctatus (14678) Oxyacodon archibaldi, Conacodon matthewi, Auraria urbana, Ampliconus browni, Tinuviel gazini (14658) Periptychidae indet. (205873) Periptychus coarctatus (14659 14677 14680 14681 14682 14685 14686 14746 14750 14793) Tinuviel gazini (14774)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Alberta) Prothryptacodon albertensis (14769)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (New Mexico) Bubogonia bombadili, Choeroclaenus turgidunculus, Conacodon cophater, Conacodon entoconus, Conacodon kohlbergeri, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Escatepos campi, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus, Tiznatzinia vanderhoofi, Fimbrethil ambaronae, Gillisonchus gillianus, Promioclaenus wilsoni (14760) Bubogonia bombadili, Ellipsodon grangeri, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Tiznatzinia vanderhoofi, Conacodon sp., Ectoconus sp., Gillisonchus gillianus, Plagioptychus matthewi, Tiznatzinia turgidunculus, Promioclaenus wilsoni (14662) Choeroclaenus turgidunculus, Conacodon entoconus, Conacodon kohlbergeri, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14703) Choeroclaenus turgidunculus, Conacodon entoconus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Hemithlaeus kowalevskianus, Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14794) Conacodon sp., Hemithlaeus sp., Ectoconus sp., Anisonchus sp., Carsioptychus sp. (14661) Periptychus coarctatus, Gillisonchus gillianus (14795) Promioclaenus wilsoni (14657)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Utah) Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus oligistus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Periptychus hamaxitus, Promioclaenus wilsoni (14736) Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus oligistus, Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon marshater, Periptychus hamaxitus, Conacodon utahensis, Haploconus sp. (14790) Anisonchus athelas, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Conacodon utahensis (14739) Ectoconus sp., Ectoconus symbolus, Periptychus hamaxitus (14748) Haploconus sp., Anisonchus athelas, Anisonchus onostus, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Ectoconus symbolus, Haploconus elachistus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Periptychus coarctatus, Litaletes gazinensis (14692) Promioclaenus sp., Oxyacodon sp., Ectoconus symbolus, Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Periptychus coarctatus (14670)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Condylarthra indet., Periptychidae indet. (14737) Hyopsodontidae indet., Mimatuta sp. (14756) Litaletes sp., Anisonchus oligistus, Bubogonia saskia, Oxyacodon agapetillus (14768)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Wyoming) Conacodon cophater (14727) Conacodon cophater, Ectoconus ditrigonus, Periptychus coarctatus (14716) Conacodon cophater, Mithrandir gillianus (14723) Condylarthra indet., Periptychidae indet., Ectoconus sp., Conacodon delphae, Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus, Conacodon harbourae (14722) Ectoconus ditrigonus (14717) Maiorana noctiluca, Mimatuta minuial, Oxyacodon josephi (14808) Mimatuta makpialutae (14807) Mimatuta sp. (14725 14796 174233) Mimatuta sp., Maiorana ferrisensis (14711) Mithrandir gillianus (14707 14714 14718 14724 14726 14728) Mithrandir gillianus, Ampliconus browni (14713) Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus (14731) Oxyacodon apiculatus (14734) Periptychidae indet., Alticonus gazini, Ampliconus antoni, Ectoconus cavigellii, Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon agapetillus, Oxyacodon priscilla (14797) Periptychidae indet., Mithrandir gillianus, Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus, Promioclaenus wilsoni (14706) Periptychidae indet., Periptychus coarctatus (14719) Periptychus coarctatus (14721 14733) Promioclaenus wilsoni (14729) Protoselene sp., Oxyacodon priscilla, Periptychus coarctatus (14720)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Anisonchus oligistus, Tinuviel eurydice, Oxprimus albertensis, Oxyacodon josephi (14766) Condylarthra indet., Mimatuta morgoth (108198) Mimatuta minuial (14694 14701 14762 14786) Mimatuta minuial, Mimatuta morgoth (14705) Mimatuta morgoth (14671 14672 14675 14699 14741 14742 14749 14754 14782 14798 108199) Mimatuta sp. (14668 14669 14740 14767 14770 14773 14776 14780 14784 14785 14789 14801 14802) Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta minuial (193844) Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta minuial, Mimatuta morgoth (14777 14788) Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta morgoth (14751 14763 14771 14787) Mioclaenidae indet., Periptychidae indet., Anisonchus sp., Oxyacodon sp. (14809) Oxyacodon apiculatus, Oxyacodon ferronensis, Tinuviel eurydice (14745) Oxyacodon ferronensis (14738 14799) Oxyacodon ferronensis, Tinuviel eurydice (14744) Periptychidae indet., Mimatuta minuial (14761) Periptychidae indet., Mimatuta sp., Mimatuta sp. (14759)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Ellipsodon grangeri (193958) Ellipsodon yotankae (193959 193960 193961 193962 193963 193964 193965 193966)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Belgium (Hainaut) Pleuraspidotheriidae indet., Prolatidens waudruae (132949)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Argentina (Chubut) Requisia vidmari, Escribania chubutensis, Escribania talonicuspis, Mioclaenidae indet. (95914)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Bolivia (Mizque) Molinodus suarezi, Pucanodus gagnieri, Andinodus boliviensis, Simoclaenus sylvaticus (138709) Molinodus suarezi, Tiuclaenus minutus, Kollpania tiupampina, Tiuclaenus cotasi, Tiuclaenus robustus, Pucanodus gagnieri, Simoclaenus sylvaticus (13501) Tiuclaenus cotasi (138710)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guang-dong (Kwantung)) Ectoconus sp., Yuodon protoselenoides, Palasiodon siurenensis (176607)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Middle Paleocene66.0 - 58.7China (Guangdong) Yuodon protoselenoides, Promioclaenus siurenensis (140280)
Paleogene66.0 - 23.03Peru (Cuzco) Hadrosauridae indet. (57181)