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Bonasa umbellus (ruffed grouse)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Phasianidae

Taxonomy
Tetrao umbellus was named by Linnaeus (1766). It is extant.

It was recombined as Bonasa umbellus by Wetmore (1962), Parmalee (1992) and Clements et al. (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1766Tetrao umbellus Linnaeus
1962Bonasa umbellus Wetmore p. 8
1992Bonasa umbellus Parmalee p. 312
2017Bonasa umbellus Clements et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
RankNameAuthor
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
Neognathae(Pycraft 1900)
GalloanseraeSibley and Ahlquist 1990
superorderGalloanserimorphae
orderGalliformesTemminck 1820
familyPhasianidaeHorsfield 1821
genusBonasaStephens 1819
speciesumbellus(Linnaeus 1766)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialf
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: volantf
Diet: granivoref
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 16:53:00
Modified: 2009-01-03 18:53:00
Source: f = family, o = order
References: Marsh 1875, Thiollay 1994

Age range: base of the Irvingtonian to the top of the Holocene or 1.80000 to 0.00000 Ma

Collections (13 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Irvingtonian1.8 - 0.3USA (Maryland) Bonasa umbellus (20302)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Virginia) Bonasa umbellus (82258 103991 104697)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Bonasa umbellus (84190)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Bonasa umbellus (155393)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Idaho) Bonasa umbellus (20569)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) Bonasa umbellus (20571)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Alabama) Bonasa umbellus (84181)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (late glacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Tennessee) Bonasa umbellus (82890)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Virginia) Bonasa umbellus (104035)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Ohio) Bonasa umbellus (195062 195066)