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Proboscidea (proboscidean)

Mammalia - Proboscidea

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1811Proboscidea Illiger p. 96
1821Proboscidiae Gray p. 305
1848Proboscidia Owen p. 132
1877Caenobasileus Cope
1877Caenobasileus tremontigerus Cope p. 585
1883Proboscidea Flower p. 185
1889Proboscidea Cope p. 875
1891Proboscidea Flower and Lydekker p. 90
1906Proboscidea Andrews p. 99
1910Proboscidea Gregory p. 466
1975Proboscidea McKenna p. 43
1981Proboscidea Thurmond and Jones p. 179
1988Proboscidea Carroll
1989Proboscidea Shoshani et al. p. 436
1990Proboscidea Rasmussen et al. p. 4691
1991Proboscidea Nowak
1993Proboscidea Abraczinskas p. 345
1997Proboscidea McKenna and Bell p. 497
1998Proboscidea Lambert and Shoshani p. 608
1999Proboscidea Waddell et al. p. cover
2001Proboscidea Madsen et al. p. 610
2001Proboscidea Waddell et al. p. 148
2005Proboscidea Gheerbrandt et al. p. 297
2005Proboscidea Shoshani and Tassy p. 9 figs. Table 2
2006Proboscidea Delmer et al. p. 423
2006Proboscidea Hulbert and Whitmore p. 19
2006Proboscidea Shoshani et al. p. 17296
2007Proboscidea Seiffert
2009Proboscidea Gheerbrant p. 10717
2010Proboscidea Asher and Helgen p. 3 figs. Figure 1

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
Tethytheria
orderProboscidea()
orderProboscidea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Comments: life habit and diet based on Nowak 1999 f
Created: 2005-08-26 13:32:09
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:32:09
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Thanetian to the top of the Holocene or 59.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 56.0 Ma

Collections (2672 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Morocco (Beni Mellal) Eritherium azzouzorum (77353)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Morocco Daouitherium rebouli (71235) Phosphatherium escuilliei (71233)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Algeria Proboscidea indet. (71984)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3Algeria (Bechar region) Proboscidea indet. (77014)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Mali (Gao) Proboscidea indet., Numidotheriidae indet. (175262)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India (Kutch) Moeritheriidae indet. (45590 45592)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Mali Moeritherium sp. (136910)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Senegal (Thies region) Moeritherium sp. (36616)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Turkey (Ankara) Proboscidea indet. (84511)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Myanmar Hypselephas hysudricus (41180)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Libya Phiomia sp., Barytherium sp. (49942)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Western Sahara Proboscidea indet. (175734)
Bartonian - Late/Upper Eocene41.3 - 33.9Libya Moeritherium lyonsi, Barytherium grave (48077) Numidotherium savagei (174667) Phiomia wintoni, Phiomia minor, Barytherium sp., Moeritherium trigodon (55449)
Bartonian - Priabonian41.3 - 33.9Algeria Moeritherium chehbeurameuri (59733)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt Moeritherium lyonsi, Moeritherium gracile, Barytherium grave (79700)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Egypt (Fayum) Moeritherium lyonsi (74737 181545 181547 181548 181549 181550 181551 181552 181553 181554 181555 181556 181557) Moeritherium lyonsi, Barytherium grave (175910)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Western Sahara Numidotherium sp. (96686)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9Egypt Moeritherium sp. (40516)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Oman (Dhofar) Barytherioidea indet., Proboscidea indet. (175334) Omanitherium dhofarensis (179726) Omanitherium indet. (192926 192927) Omanitherium sp. (192924) Phiomia sp. (162464)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Egypt Phiomia sp. (187873)