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Bivalvia (clam)

Bivalvia -

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Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Bivalvia Linnaeus
1820Pelecypoda Goldfuss
1838Ostrea compta Goldfuss
1847Solen (Solecurtus) ellipticus Dana p. 153
1847Solen (Solecurtus) planulatus Dana p. 153
1847Modiolopsis praerupta Dana p. 159
1849Solecurtus (Psammobia) planulatus Dana p. 686 figs. Pl 2, fig 10
1849Solecurtus ellipticus Dana p. 686 figs. Pl 2, fig 9
1849Cypricardia praerupta Dana p. 703 figs. Pl 8, fig 10
1856Hinnites comtus Giebel
1886Asiphonidae Choffat
1906Astarte scrivenori Newton p. 492 figs. Pl 25, figs 11,12
1916Pelecypoda Raymond
1919Stutchburia praerupta Etheridge Jr. p. 190
1936Palaeostrea Grabau
1982Spirulinae Allen and Sanders
1984Bivalvia Squires p. 40
1987Bivalvia Squires p. 54
1987Pelecypoda Ward and Blackwelder p. 129
1988Bivalvia Squires p. 17
1989Pelecypoda Shoshani et al. p. 435
1993Bivalvia Kennedy p. 397
1997Bathyspinulinae Coan and Scott
1998Bivalvia Barnes p. 270
2000Bathyspinulinae Coan et al. pp. 82, 91
2001Bivalvia Gravestock et al. p. 200
2002Bivalvia Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Palaeoentolium Sepkoski, Jr.
2006Bivalvia Giribet et al. p. 7724
2008Bivalvia Hikuroa and Grant-Mackie

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
RankNameAuthor
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
classBivalvia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
height57.824.8022.06.607.16
shell height211.26.8018.412.68.20
valve height27.923.8016.510.28.98

Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilec
Life habit: infaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Created: 2004-02-28 11:33:36
Modified: 2010-02-12 03:59:35
Source: c = class
Reference: Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tommotian to the top of the Holocene or 530.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 520.0 Ma

Collections (37183 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0China (Hubei) Praelamellodonta elegansa (201164)
Paleozoic541.0 - 252.17USA (Alaska) Bivalvia indet. (112419 112421 112453 112466 112481 112499 112500 112506 112509 112510 112511)
Tommotian530.0 - 520.0United Kingdom (Warwickshire) Fordilla sp. (10252)
Montezuman530.0 - 516.0Mexico Pojetaia sp. (203107)
Tommotian - Atdabanian530.0 - 516.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Fordilla troyensis (6897)
Caerfai530.0 - 513.0USA (New York) Fordilla sp. (8236)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Anhui) Jellia ovata (157563)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Russian Federation (Chitinskaya oblast) Pojetaia runnegari (49373 49374 49376 49377 49379 49381 49388 49391)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Australia (South Australia) Pojetaia runnegari (49618 96454 96931 97741 97747 97749 97750 199519)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Russian Federation (Siberia) Fordilla sibirica (56855)
Atdabanian - Botomian520.0 - 513.0Greenland Fordilla sp. (121183 121185)
Atdabanian - Lenian520.0 - 513.0Germany (Saxony) Fordilla sibirica (6899)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0China (Shaanxi) Pojetaia runnegari (199515 199516 199517 199534)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Chitinskaya oblast) Pojetaia runnegari (49383 49384 49385 49386)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Siberia) Fordilla sibirica (174258)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Antarctica Pojetaia runnegari (199520 199522 199524 199527 199529 199531)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Australia (South Australia) Bivalvia indet. (42285) Pojetaia runnegari (50793 96914 96915 96916 96917 96932 96958 96959 96963 96964 96965 97723 97726 97730 97751 97770 97771 97772 97773 97774 97775 97776 97777 156332 172616)
Botomian - Lenian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Transbaikalia) Bivalvia indet. (10007)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Nevada) Bivalvia indet. (7787)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (New York) Fordilla sp. (182) Fordilla troyensis (78767)