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Acanthocardia (Schedocardia) brewerii

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Taxonomy
Cardium brewerii was named by Gabb (1864). It is not extant.

It was recombined as Plagiocardium (Schedocardia) brewerii by Turner (1938); it was recombined as Acanthocardia brewerii by Givens and Kennedy (1979); it was recombined as Schedocardia breweri by Nilsen (1987); it was recombined as Acanthocardia (Schedocardia) brewerii by Squires (1984), Squires (1987) and Moore (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1864Cardium brewerii Gabb p. 173 figs. pl. 24, fig. 155
1917Cardium brewerii Waring p. 92 figs. Pl. 14, Fig. 9
1938Plagiocardium (Schedocardia) brewerii Turner p. 52
1979Acanthocardia brewerii Givens and Kennedy
1984Acanthocardia (Schedocardia) brewerii Squires p. 49 figs. Figures 12a-b
1987Schedocardia breweri Nilsen
1987Acanthocardia (Schedocardia) brewerii Squires p. 65 fig. 112
2002Acanthocardia (Schedocardia) brewerii Moore

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Gray 1854)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
RankNameAuthor
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
CardioideiFerussac 1822
superfamilyCardioidea(Lamarck 1809)
familyCardiidaeLamarck 1809
Neocardiids
EucardiidsSchneider 1995
subfamilyFraginaeStewart 1930
tribeAcanthocardiini
genusAcanthocardiaGray 1851
subgenusSchedocardia
speciesbrewerii()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Life habit: infaunalf
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-07-04 09:31:14
Modified: 2009-08-17 22:21:59
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Todd 2001, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Paleocene to the top of the Bartonian or 66.00000 to 38.00000 Ma

Collections (67 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Danian - Thanetian66.0 - 56.0Russian Federation Acanthocardia breweri (50039)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Mexico (Baja California Sur) Cardium brewerii (43761)
Early/Lower Paleocene - Eocene66.0 - 33.9USA (California) Cardium brewerii (193038)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (Oregon) Acanthocardia brewerii (52266 52267 52273 52277 52279) Plagiocardium brewerii (200795 200800)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8USA (California) Acanthocardia brewerii (177614 193545 193549) Cardium hartleyensis (52422 52433) Plagiocardium brewerii (122294 122656)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3USA (California) Acanthocardia brewerii (8011)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3USA (Oregon) Plagiocardium brewerii (200902)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (California) Cardium brewerii (194413 194416 194436 207112 207113 207123 207126)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6USA (California) Acanthocardia breweri (111552)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (Alaska) Plagiocardium breweri (44070) Shedocardia sp. (44069)
Middle Eocene48.6 - 37.2USA (California) Acanthocardia brewerii (94820 94822 94824 94828 94829 202046 202080)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (Oregon) Plagiocardium brewerii (200870 200874 200875 200876 200878 200880 200886 200912 201033 201036 201040)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3USA (California) Acanthocardia brewerii (8012 51922 200659 200757 200759 200765 202094 204961 207183 207187 207189)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (California) Cardium brewerii (122340) Schedocardia breweri (52803 52804 52827 52828)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0USA (Washington) Acanthocardia brewerii (52204 52207 203164) Cardium brewerii (207129)