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Hyaenodontidae

Mammalia - Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1869Hyaenodontidae Leidy
1875Hyaenodontidae Cope p. 5–7
1889Hyaenodontidae Cope p. 876
1891Hyaenodontidae Flower and Lydekker p. 91
1906Hyaenodontidae Andrews p. 218
1908Hyaenodontidae Lambe
1967Hyaenodontidae Van Valen
1988Hyaenodontidae Carroll
2001Hyaenodontidae Sach and Heizmann p. 27
2005Hyaenodontidae Lange-Badré and Böhme p. 312
2005Hyaenodontidae Wang et al. p. 2
2006Hyaenodontidae Gheerbrant et al. p. 476
2007Hyaenodontidae Morales et al. p. 72
2007Hyaenodontidae Morlo et al. p. 146
2008Hyaenodontidae Morales et al.
2009Hyaenodontidae Bajpai et al. p. 103
2012Hyaenodontidae Rose et al.
2014Hyaenodontidae Solé et al.
2014Hyaenodontidae Solé et al.
2015Hyaenodontidae Rana et al.
2015Hyaenodontidae Solé et al.
2016Hyaenodontidae Borths et al.
2019Hyaenodontidae Solé and Mennecart

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderHyaenodonta()
superfamilyHyaenodontoideaLeidy 1869
familyHyaenodontidaeLeidy 1869
familyHyaenodontidaeLeidy 1869

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
E. Gheerbrant et al. 2006Creodonta with upper molars either three or reduced to two; two front upper molars specialised as carnassial teeth either tuberculo-sectorial or completely sectorial; last upper molar, when present, transversely extended; all the lower molars specialised as carnassial teeth ; P\ two-rooted, except in some specialised genera; primitive forms with long and slender skulls; tail long and heavy; later forms with more robust skull, claws blunt; cursorial adaptations to a varying extent, [after Pilgrim 1932].
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: carnivoref
Created: 2005-08-30 14:44:28
Modified: 2005-08-30 16:44:28
Source: f = family, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Gunnell 1998, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range: base of the Selandian to the top of the Late/Upper Miocene or 61.60000 to 5.33300 Ma

Collections (522 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Morocco Boualitomus marocanensis (68176) Lahimia selloumi (133217)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Morocco (Meknès-Tafilalet) Tinerhodon disputatum (88301 133241)
Thanetian - Early/Lower Eocene59.2 - 48.6France (Marne) Hyaenodontidae indet., Arfia gingerichi (133367)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Mongolia Sinopa sp. (133399)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom Prototomus sp., Arfia junnei, Arfia gingerichi (87950)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Aude) Preregidens langebadrae (78236)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Neoparapterodon sp., Isphanatherium ferganensis (28490)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8United Kingdom (England) Prototomus minimus, Prototomus girardoti (38868)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Champagne-Ardenne) Matthodon menui (73387)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Algeria Koholia atlasense (71984)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Switzerland (Canton Solothurn) Hyaenodon compressus, Hyaenodon filholi (182805)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Kenya Hyaenodon andrewsi (21724)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Namibia (Karas) H. unnamed species (168036) H. unnamed species, Namasector soriae (146601)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Mongolia Hyaenodontidae indet. (182090)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97China (Gansu) Hyaenodon sp. (42065)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Uganda Prionogale breviceps (28441)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya (Northern Frontier District) Hyaenodontidae indet., Hyaenodon andrewsi (122454)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Kenya Hyaenodon andrewsi, Hyaenodon matthewi, Hyaenodon pilgrimi (21725) Hyaenodon matthewsi, Hyaenodon andrewsi, Hyaenodon pilgrimi (21726) Hyaenodon sp. (27858 38060 87341)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Nepal Hyaenodontidae indet. (48712)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Tunisia (Gafsa) Hyaenodontidae indet. (35277 35281)