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Dama (fallow deer)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Cervidae

Taxonomy
Dama was named by Frisch (1775). It is extant.

It was reranked as Antilope (Dama) by Bennett (1833); it was reranked as Cervus (Dama) by Boule and De Villeneuve (1927).

It was assigned to Cervina by Gray (1825); to Antilope by Bennett (1833); to Cervus by Boule and De Villeneuve (1927); to Cervidae by Carroll (1988) and Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi (1995); to Cervini by Grubb (2000); and to Cervinae by Agnarsson and May-Collado (2008).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1775Dama Frisch
1825Dama Gray p. 342
1833Antilope (Dama) Bennett
1927Cervus (Dama) Boule and De Villeneuve p. 39
1988Dama Carroll
1995Dama Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi p. 251
2000Dama Grubb p. 302
2008Dama Agnarsson and May-Collado p. 974 figs. Fig. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Ruminantiamorpha
Ruminantia(Scopoli 1777)
Pecora()
familyCervidae
subfamilyCervinaeGoldfuss 1820
genusDamaFrisch 1775

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingf
Diet: grazerf
Diet 2: browserf
Reproduction: viviparousf
Created: 2005-06-08 10:11:09
Modified: 2005-09-22 12:03:17
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Nowak 1991, Nowak 1999, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Villanyian to the top of the Late/Upper Pleistocene or 3.20000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 2.588 Ma

Collections (78 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Romania Dama nestii (39846)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Georgia Dama nestii (39882)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Spain (Granada) Dama sp. (40986)
Villanyian3.2 - 2.588Spain (Castellon) Dama nesti (34929)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Italy (Tuscany) Dama sp. (51778)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Germany (Thüringen) Dama dama (43020 45085)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Greece (Mygdonia) Dama sp. (200084)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Spain (Castilla-Leon) Dama dama (34916)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Georgia Dama nestii (56733)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Italy (Foggia) Dama nestii (40989 40990 40992 40994 40997 41003 41006 41007)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Croatia (Istria) Dama nestii (40500)
Early/Lower Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Italy (Sicily) Dama carburangelensis (94328)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Greece (Chalkidiki) Dama dama (183123)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Spain (Segovia) Dama clactoniana (36517)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Israel Dama mesopotamica (39251 39252 42865)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Spain (Castilla-Leon) Dama sp. (34872)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Turkey Dama sp. (39314)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117France Dama sp. (34459)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Italy Dama clactoniana (96722)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Italy (Puglia) Dama dama (44091)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Malta Cervus dama (190860)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Spain (Castilla-Leon) Dama nestii (34870)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Vicenza) Dama dama (43697)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Netherlands Dama dama (109704)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Spain (Soria) Dama dama (73759) Dama sp., Dama dama (73757 73758 73760 73761)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Roma) Dama sp. (44090)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (England) Cervus etueriarum (49989)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (Norfolk) Dama dama (49816)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Capri Island) Dama sp. (43016)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Turkey Dama sp. (43008)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Lazio Region) Dama dama (36134)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Verona) Cervus dama (43654) Dama dama (43655) Dama dama, Dama somonensis (43664) Dama somonensis (43645 43649 43653)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Trieste) Dama dama (43701) Dama sp. (40808 43700) Dama sp., Dama dama (43704)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126France (Pas de Calais) Cervus somonensis (49087)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz) Dama sp. (50049)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy Dama clactoniana (38314)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Spain Dama dama (34926)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Italy (Molise) Dama sp. (44092)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126United Kingdom (Suffolk) Dama dama (49814)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Germany (Baden-Wuerttemberg) Dama sp. (50259)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126Greece Dama sp. (187637 194477)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Monaco Cervus somonensis (191730)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Italy (Verona) Dama dama (43657)
Middle Pleistocene - Late/Upper Pleistocene0.781 - 0.0117Greece (Lakonia) Dama dama (32059 32062 32082 32086)
Middle Pleistocene - Quaternary0.781 - 0.0Israel Dama mesopotamica (13490)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Italy (Tuscany) Dama sp. (200295)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Greece (Peloponnesus) Dama dama (184245)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Greece (Dodecanese) Dama dama (182809)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117United Kingdom (England) Cervus dama (93828)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Netherlands Dama dama (109703)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Israel (Mount Carmel) Dama mesopotamica (11803)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Greece (Peloponnesus) Dama dama (184243)