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Afrotheria

Mammalia -

Taxonomy
Afrotheria was named by Stanhope et al. (1998). It is extant.

It was assigned to Eutheria by Madsen et al. (2001); to Epitheria by Phillips et al. (2001); to Placentalia by Waddell et al. (2001) and Wible et al. (2007); and to Atlantogenata by Waddell et al. (1999) and Asher and Helgen (2010).

Sister taxa
Afroinsectiphilia (syn. Fossoromorpha), Afroinsectivora (syn. Haemochorialia), Paenungulatomorpha, Pseudoungulata, Tethytheria

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1998Afrotheria Stanhope et al.
1999Afrotheria Waddell et al. p. cover
2001Afrotheria Madsen et al. p. 610
2001Afrotheria Phillips et al. p. 1535
2001Afrotheria Waddell et al. p. 148 figs. Figure 3
2007Afrotheria Wible et al.
2010Afrotheria Asher and Helgen p. 3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998
AfrotheriaStanhope et al. 1998

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialsubc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 20:43:42
Modified: 2005-09-06 22:44:32
Source: subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Luo et al. 2003, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Puercan to the top of the Holocene or 66.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 63.3 Ma

Collections (3684 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Puercan66.0 - 63.3Canada (Saskatchewan) Litomylus orthronepius (14768)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Montana) Haplaletes andakupensis (14766) Litomylus orthronepius (14809)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Utah) Haplaletes andakupensis (14790)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Belgium (Hainaut) Monshyus praevius, Cingulodon magioncaldai (132949)
To363.3 - 61.7Canada (Alberta) Litomylus sp. (14894)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Montana) Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus dissentaneus, Mckennatherium ladae (14906)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (New Mexico) Adunator ladae, Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus dissentaneus (14893) Haplaletes sp. (14832) Litomylus dissentaneus (14815)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (Wyoming) Adunator ladae, Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litocherus lacunatus, Litomylus dissentaneus (14898) Adunator ladae, Litomylus dissentaneus (14879) Haplaletes disceptatrix (14896 14904) Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus dissentaneus, Mckennatherium fredericki, Mckennatherium martinezi (14886) Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus dissentaneus, Mckennatherium ladae, Mckennatherium sp. (14912) Litomylus dissentaneus (14881 14897 14903)
Torrejonian - Tiffanian63.3 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Haplaletes disceptatrix (14851) Litomylus scaphicus (14820)
Ti161.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Litocherus sp., Litocherus lacunatus, Litomylus dissentaneus, Litomylus sp., Apheliscinae indet. (14939)
Ti361.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Diacocherus minutus, Litolestes notissimus (14992) Litocherus zygeus (14928)
Ti361.7 - 56.8USA (Colorado) Haplaletes pelicatus (99821)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Colorado) Haplaletes serior, Haplomylus simpsoni, Litomylus ishami, Phenacodaptes sabulosus (174227) Utemylus latomius (14967)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Texas) Haplaletes disceptatrix (14956)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Montana) Gingerichia geoteretes (15030) Gingerichia sp. 1 (15010) Haplaletes diminutivus, Litolestes notissimus, Scenopagus sp. (15048) Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus ishami, Litolestes lacunatus (14937) Haplaletes sp., Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus dissentaneus (15047) Litocherus notissimus (15064) Litomylus dissentaneus, Hyopsodontidae indet. (15025)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (North Dakota) Aletodon quadravus, Haplaletes diminutivus, Litolestes lacunatus (14931) Diacocherus minutus (14976) Haplaletes diminutivus, Litolestes lacunatus (14962)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8Canada (Saskatchewan) Diacocherus meizon, Litocherus lacunatus, Litocherus zygeus (14978)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8USA (Wyoming) Adunator minutus, Phenacodaptes sabulosus (15057) Aletodon conardae, Phenacodaptes sabulosus, Scenopagus proavus, Litolestes lacunatus (14974) Aletodon quadravus, Diacocherus meizon, Dorraletes diminutivus, Litocherus lacunatus (14936) Aletodon quadravus, Haplaletes serior, Mckennatherium ladae, Litolestes lacunatus (15017) Aletodon sp. (53059) Aletodon sp., Adunator minutus, Litocherus lacunatus (15059) Apheliscus nitidus (190419 190476) Diacocherus sp. (26569) Diacodon minutus (15032) Haplaletes disceptatrix (15014) Haplaletes disceptatrix, Litomylus dissentaneus (15016) Haplaletes pelicatus, Litomylus ishami (14999) Haplaletes pelicatus, Litomylus scaphicus, Litomylus scaphiscus, Litolestes lacunatus (14989) Haplaletes serior, Litolestes lacunatus (14997) Haplaletes sp., Haplaletes disceptatrix (198265) Haplaletes sp., Haplaletes disceptatrix, Haplaletes pelicatus (198264) Haplaletes sp., Haplaletes disceptatrix, Haplaletes pelicatus, Litomylus dissentaneus (198263) Haplaletes sp., Haplaletes pelicatus, Litomylus dissentaneus (198262) Haplaletes sp., Leptacodon ladae (14965) Leptacodon ladae, Haplaletes diminutivus (14944) Litaletes sp., Haplaletes disceptatrix (14926) Litolestes lacunatus (15001) Litomylus dissentaneus (14983 15015) Litomylus ishami (14981) Litomylus scaphicus, Litomylus scaphiscus (14964) Litomylus sp. (15067) Litomylus sp., Mckennatherium ladae, Litolestes notissimus (15034) Litomylus sp., Phenacodaptes sabulosus, Scenopagus proavus, Talpavus sp. (15036) Phenacodaptes sabulosus (190437) Phenacodaptes sabulosus, Adunator abditus, Diacodon minutus (15049) Phenacodaptes sabulosus, Litomylus ishami, Scenopagus proavus, Litolestes lacunatus (14952) Phenacodaptes sp. (187515)
Tiffanian61.7 - 56.8Canada (Alberta) Diacocherus meizon (14934) Diacocherus minutus, Litocherus notissimus, Litocherus zygeus (14957) Licherus notissimus (14973) Litocherus lacunatus, Diacocherus minutus (14995) Litocherus notissimus, Litocherus zygeus (14954 14959) Litocherus zygeus (14929 14960)
Tiffanian - Clarkforkian61.7 - 55.8USA (Wyoming) Apheliscus sabulosus (15035)