Muddy Creek Fm - Muddy Creek (lower bed) (Miocene of Australia)

Where: Victoria, Australia (37.7° S, 142.0° E: paleocoordinates 46.6° S, 140.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Muddy Creek Formation, Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Muddy Creek, which interfingers the Gellibrand Fm (Early Miocene-Middle Miocene) in Central Otway Basin. AGE: Middle Miocene (Balcombian) according to Beu and Darragh (2001). STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From multiple localities and horizons, hence assigned to a "formation" scale. NOTES: From antiquated publication that predates establishment of region lithostratigraphic framework. Assignments to lithostratigraphic unit and age are based on interpretation by enterer on the basis of cross-referening localities and taxa to more recent publications (e.g. Darragh 1970, Darragh 1986, and in particular Beu and Darragh 2001).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; siliciclastic sediments

• ENVIRONMENT: Environment not reported in text, presumably shallow marine siliciclastic setting.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Unknown lithology. LITHIFICATION: Unknown lithification, note stated in text.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: Unknown collectors, possibly including Tate (1880's). REPOSITORY: South Australia Museum (SAM), Adelaide, Australia.

Primary reference: R. Tate. 1886. The lamellibranchs of the Older Tertiary of Australia (part 1). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 8:96-158 [A. Miller/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 72210: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 27.05.2007, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive list, comprising bivalvia, gastropoda, and scaphopoda. NOMENCLATURE: Very antiquated nomenclature (c. 1880's) with species-level assignments from authoritative publication. Nomenclature updated where possible through recent systematic revisions and checklists (e.g. Darragh, 1970).
unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita calva" = Vimentum calva3
"Cardita calva" = Vimentum calva3 Tate 1887 clam
 Carditida - Condylocardiidae
"Carditella multilamella" = Cuna multilamella3, "Carditella polita" = Cuna polita3
"Carditella multilamella" = Cuna multilamella3 Tate 1887 clam
"Carditella polita" = Cuna polita3 Tate 1887 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula ephamilla" = Notocorbula ephamilla3
"Corbula ephamilla" = Notocorbula ephamilla3 Tate 1887 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Mactra howchiniana" = Electromactra howchiniana3 Tate 1887 clam
Cryptodon mactraeformis3 Tate 1887 clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
"Diplodonta subquadrata" = Diplodonta balcombensis3
"Diplodonta subquadrata" = Diplodonta balcombensis3 Pritchard 1906 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Chione propinqua" = Tawera propinqua3, "Cytherea eburnea" = Fossacallista eburnea3
"Chione propinqua" = Tawera propinqua3 Tenison Woods 1877 venus clam
"Cytherea eburnea" = Fossacallista eburnea3 Tate 1887 venus clam
 Cardiida -
Zenatiopsis angustata3 Tate 1879 clam
 Cardiida - Solecurtidae
Solecurtus dennanti3 Tate 1887 clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
"Donax dixoni" = Deltachion dixoni3
"Donax dixoni" = Deltachion dixoni3 Tate 1887 clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Strigilla australis3 Tate 1887 tellin clam
"Tellina stirlingi" = Homalina stirlingi3 Tate 1887 tellin clam
Tellina masoni3 Tate 1887 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Semele vesiculosa3 Tate 1887 clam
Semele krauseana3 Tate 1887 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium hemimeris" = Pratulum hemimeris3, "Cardium antisemigranulatum" = Pratulum antisemigranulatum3, "Cardium victoriae" = Pratulum victoriae3
"Cardium hemimeris" = Pratulum hemimeris3 Tate 1887 cockle
"Cardium antisemigranulatum" = Pratulum antisemigranulatum3 McCoy 1877 cockle
"Cardium victoriae" = Pratulum victoriae3 Tate 1887 cockle
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
"Thracia perscabrosa" = Eximiothracia perscabrosa3
"Thracia perscabrosa" = Eximiothracia perscabrosa3 Tate 1887 clam
 Thraciida - Myochamidae
"Myodora australis" = Myadora australis3, "Myodora tenuilirata" = Myadora tenuilirata3
"Myodora australis" = Myadora australis3 Johnston 1880 clam
"Myodora tenuilirata" = Myadora tenuilirata3 Tate 1887 clam
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
Verticordia pectinata3 Tate 1887 clam
 Poromyida - Cuspidariidae
"Neaera subrostrata" = Cuspidaria subrostrata3
"Neaera subrostrata" = Cuspidaria subrostrata3 Tate 1887 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Lucina araneosa" = Epicodakia araneosa3, "Lucina despectans" = Epicodakia despectans3
"Lucina araneosa" = Epicodakia araneosa3 Tate 1887 clam
"Lucina despectans" = Epicodakia despectans3 Tate 1887 clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Vasidae
"Tudicula turbinata" = Tudicla turbinata5, "Tudicula angulata" = Tudicla angulata5
"Tudicula turbinata" = Tudicla turbinata5 Tate 1888 snail
"Tudicula angulata" = Tudicla angulata5 Tate 1888 snail
 Thecosomata - Cavoliniidae
Vaginella eligmostoma4 Tate 1887 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
"Fusus foliaceus" = Serratifusus foliaceus5, "Fusus craspedotus" = Serratifusus craspedotus5, "Phos cominelloides" = Fax cominelloides5, "Trophon succinctus" = Ellicea succinctus5, "Epidromus clitharellus" = Ratifusus clitharellus5, "Epidromus leptoskeles" = Ratifusus leptoskeles5, "Epidromus tenuicostatus" = Ratifusus tenuicostatus5, "Epidromus turritus" = Obex turritus5, "Epidromus texturatus" = Obex texturatus5, Eburnopsis aulacoessa6, Zemira praecursoria5, Phos tardicrescens5, "Phos variciferus" = Loxotaphrus variciferus5, "Pisania brevis" = Zeapollia brevis5, "Pisania purpuroides" = Zeapollia purpuroides5, "Sipho asperulus" = Varicosipho asperulus5, "Sipho labrosus" = Varicosipho labrosus5, "Sipho crebrigranosus" = Varicosipho crebrigranosus5, "Sipho styliformis" = Varicosipho styliformis5, "Siphonalia subreflexa" = Austrosipho subreflexa5, "Siphonalia lamellifera" = Austrosipho lamellifera5
"Fusus foliaceus" = Serratifusus foliaceus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Fusus craspedotus" = Serratifusus craspedotus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Phos cominelloides" = Fax cominelloides5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Trophon succinctus" = Ellicea succinctus5 Tenison-Woods 1879 true whelk
"Epidromus clitharellus" = Ratifusus clitharellus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Epidromus leptoskeles" = Ratifusus leptoskeles5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Epidromus tenuicostatus" = Ratifusus tenuicostatus5 Tenison-Woods 1878 true whelk
"Epidromus turritus" = Obex turritus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Epidromus texturatus" = Obex texturatus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
Eburnopsis aulacoessa6 Tate 1889 true whelk
Zemira praecursoria5 Tate 1888 true whelk
Phos tardicrescens5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Phos variciferus" = Loxotaphrus variciferus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Pisania brevis" = Zeapollia brevis5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Pisania purpuroides" = Zeapollia purpuroides5 Johnston 1879 true whelk
"Sipho asperulus" = Varicosipho asperulus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Sipho labrosus" = Varicosipho labrosus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Sipho crebrigranosus" = Varicosipho crebrigranosus5 Tate 1888 true whelk
"Sipho styliformis" = Varicosipho styliformis5 Tenison-Woods 1879 true whelk
"Siphonalia subreflexa" = Austrosipho subreflexa5 Sowerby 1844 true whelk
"Siphonalia lamellifera" = Austrosipho lamellifera5 Tate 1888 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
"Nassa tatei" = Reticunassa tatei5
"Nassa tatei" = Reticunassa tatei5 Tenison-Woods 1878 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Fusus bulbodes" = Austrolithes bulbodes5, "Fusus dictyotis" = Fusinus dictyotis5, "Fusus simulans" = Fusinus simulans5, "Fusus henicus" = Fusinus henicus6, "Fusus hexagonalis" = Solutofusus hexagonalis5, "Peristernia lintea" = Streptopelma lintea5, "Peristernia interlineata" = Streptopelma interlineata5, "Peristernia subundulosa" = Streptopelma subundulosa5, Dennantia ino5, "Leucozonia tumida" = Latirolagena tumida5, "Fusus aciformis" = Fractolatirus aciformis5, "Fasciolaria exilis" = Brocchitas exilis5, "Fasciolaria tenisoni" = Pleia tenisoni5, "Fasciolaria decipiens" = Pleia decipiens5, "Fasciolaria cryptoploca" = Pleuroploca cryptoploca5, "Fasciolaria cristata" = Pleuroploca cristata5, "Fasciolaria rugata" = Pleuroploca rugata5, Fasciolaria fusilla6
"Fusus bulbodes" = Austrolithes bulbodes5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fusus dictyotis" = Fusinus dictyotis5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fusus simulans" = Fusinus simulans5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fusus henicus" = Fusinus henicus6 Tate 1889 snail
"Fusus hexagonalis" = Solutofusus hexagonalis5 Tate 1888 snail
"Peristernia lintea" = Streptopelma lintea5 Tate 1888 snail
"Peristernia interlineata" = Streptopelma interlineata5 Tate 1888 snail
"Peristernia subundulosa" = Streptopelma subundulosa5 Tate 1888 snail
Dennantia ino5 Tenison-Woods 1879 snail
"Leucozonia tumida" = Latirolagena tumida5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fusus aciformis" = Fractolatirus aciformis5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fasciolaria exilis" = Brocchitas exilis5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fasciolaria tenisoni" = Pleia tenisoni5 Tenison-Woods 1879 snail
"Fasciolaria decipiens" = Pleia decipiens5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fasciolaria cryptoploca" = Pleuroploca cryptoploca5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fasciolaria cristata" = Pleuroploca cristata5 Tate 1888 snail
"Fasciolaria rugata" = Pleuroploca rugata5 Tate 1888 snail
Fasciolaria fusilla6 Tate 1889 tulip snail
 Neogastropoda -
"Fusus senticosus" = Hispidofusus senticosus5
"Fusus senticosus" = Hispidofusus senticosus5 Tate 1888 snail
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
"Voluta cathedralis" = Notovoluta cathedralis6, "Voluta pseudolirata" = Notovoluta pseudolirata6, "Voluta maccoyi" = Notopeplum maccoyi6, "Voluta polita" = Notopeplum polita6, "Voluta sarissa" = Alcithoe sarissa6, "Voluta ancilloides" = Ericusa ancilloides6, "Voluta ellipsoidea" = Ericusa ellipsoidea6, "Voluta mortoni" = Pterospira mortoni6, "Voluta alticostata" = Pterospira alticostata6, "Voluta hannafordi" = Pterospira hannafordi6, "Voluta antiscalaris" = Ternivoluta antiscalaris6, "Voluta crassilabrum" = Leptoscapha crassilabrum6, "Voluta macdonaldi" = Aulicina macdonaldi6, "Voluta strophodon" = Pseudocymbiola strophodon6, "Voluta weldii" = Pseudocymbiola weldii6, "Lyria harpularia" = Harpella harpularia6, "Voluta costellifera" = Paramoria costellifera6, "Voluta conoidea" = Volutoconus ralphi6
"Voluta cathedralis" = Notovoluta cathedralis6 Tate 1888 volute
"Voluta pseudolirata" = Notovoluta pseudolirata6 Tate 1888 volute
"Voluta maccoyi" = Notopeplum maccoyi6 Tenison Woods 1877 volute
"Voluta polita" = Notopeplum polita6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta sarissa" = Alcithoe sarissa6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta ancilloides" = Ericusa ancilloides6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta ellipsoidea" = Ericusa ellipsoidea6 Tate 1888 volute
"Voluta mortoni" = Pterospira mortoni6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta alticostata" = Pterospira alticostata6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta hannafordi" = Pterospira hannafordi6 McCoy 1866 volute
"Voluta antiscalaris" = Ternivoluta antiscalaris6 McCoy 1866 volute
"Voluta crassilabrum" = Leptoscapha crassilabrum6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta macdonaldi" = Aulicina macdonaldi6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta strophodon" = Pseudocymbiola strophodon6 McCoy 1876 volute
"Voluta weldii" = Pseudocymbiola weldii6 Tenison Woods 1876 volute
"Lyria harpularia" = Harpella harpularia6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta costellifera" = Paramoria costellifera6 Tate 1889 volute
"Voluta conoidea" = Volutoconus ralphi6 Finlay 1930 volute
 Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
"Fusus acanthostephes" = Columbarium acanthostephes5
"Fusus acanthostephes" = Columbarium acanthostephes5 Tate 1888 snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Typhis disjunctus" = Typhina disjunctus5, "Typhis laciniatus" = Typhina laciniatus5, "Rapana aculeata" = Xanthochorus aculeata5, "Murex (Chicoreus) irregularis" = Xenotrophon basedowi5, "Murex (Chicoreus) hamiltonensis" = Xenotrophon hamiltonensis5, "Trophon brevicaudatus" = Litozamia brevicaudatus5, "Trophon polyphyllia" = Apixystus polyphyllia5, "Vitularia curtansata" = Urosalpinx curtansata5, "Typhis evaricosus" = Siphonochelus evaricosus5, "Murex (Pteronotus) velificus" = Pterynotus velificus5, "Murex (Ocenebra) asperulus" = Bedeva asperulus5, "Murex (Chicoreus) lophaessus" = Torvamurex lophaessus5, "Murex (Chicoreus) dennanti" = Siratus dennanti5, "Murex (Chicoreus) amblyceras" = Siratus amblyceras5, "Murex (Ocenebra) trochispira" = Paziella trochispira5, "Murex (Ocenebra) alevolatus" = Paziella graniformis5, "Murex (Phyllonotus) eyrei" = Paziella eyrei5, "Murex (Rhinocantha) asteriscus" = Murex asteriscus5, "Murex (Rhinocantha) pachystirus" = Murex pachystirus5, "Murex (Ocenebra) camplytropis" = Murex camplytropis5, Typhis maccoyi5
"Typhis disjunctus" = Typhina disjunctus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Typhis laciniatus" = Typhina laciniatus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Rapana aculeata" = Xanthochorus aculeata5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Chicoreus) irregularis" = Xenotrophon basedowi5 Cossmann 1903 murex snail
"Murex (Chicoreus) hamiltonensis" = Xenotrophon hamiltonensis5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Trophon brevicaudatus" = Litozamia brevicaudatus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Trophon polyphyllia" = Apixystus polyphyllia5 Woods 1879 murex snail
"Vitularia curtansata" = Urosalpinx curtansata5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Typhis evaricosus" = Siphonochelus evaricosus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Pteronotus) velificus" = Pterynotus velificus5 Tate 1888 mustached bat
"Murex (Ocenebra) asperulus" = Bedeva asperulus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Chicoreus) lophaessus" = Torvamurex lophaessus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Chicoreus) dennanti" = Siratus dennanti5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Chicoreus) amblyceras" = Siratus amblyceras5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Ocenebra) trochispira" = Paziella trochispira5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Ocenebra) alevolatus" = Paziella graniformis5 Harris 1897 murex snail
"Murex (Phyllonotus) eyrei" = Paziella eyrei5 Tenison Woods 1877 murex snail
"Murex (Rhinocantha) asteriscus" = Murex asteriscus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Rhinocantha) pachystirus" = Murex pachystirus5 Tate 1888 murex snail
"Murex (Ocenebra) camplytropis" = Murex camplytropis5 Tate 1888 murex snail
Typhis maccoyi5 Woods 1875 murex snail
 Neogastropoda -
Pseudovaricia mirabilis5 Tate 1888 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
"Conus pullulescens" = Parviconus pullulescens5 Tenison Woods 1879 cone shell
Conus cuspidatus5 Tate 1890 cone shell
Conus ligatus5 Tate 1890 cone shell
Conus complicatus5 Tate 1890 cone shell
Conus ptychodermis5 Tate 1890 cone shell
 Capuloidea - Capulidae
Capulus danieli7, "Trichotropis subquadrata" = Sirius subquadrata7
"Trichotropis subquadrata" = Sirius subquadrata7 Tate 1890 snail
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
"Streblorhamphus mirulus" = Mirolacuna mirulus8
"Streblorhamphus mirulus" = Mirolacuna mirulus8 Tate 1898 periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Hipponix antiquatus7 Linnaeus 1767 hoof shell
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
"Trivia minima" = Trivellona avellanoides1
"Trivia minima" = Trivellona avellanoides1 McCoy 1867 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica polita" = Friginatica polita7, "Natica subinfundibulum" = Sigaretotrema subinfundibulum7, "Natica hamiltonensis" = Tanea hamiltonensis7, "Natica arata" = Globisinum pritchardi7, "Natica perspectiva" = Globisinum perspectiva7, "Natica limata" = Globisinum limata7, "Natica subnoae" = Taniella subnoae7, "Natica substolida" = Austrocochlis substolida7
"Natica polita" = Friginatica polita7 Tenison Woods 1876 moon snail
"Natica subinfundibulum" = Sigaretotrema subinfundibulum7 Tate 1893 moon snail
"Natica hamiltonensis" = Tanea hamiltonensis7 Tenison Woods 1879 moon snail
"Natica arata" = Globisinum pritchardi7 Cossmann 1907 moon snail
"Natica perspectiva" = Globisinum perspectiva7 Tate 1893 moon snail
"Natica limata" = Globisinum limata7 Tate 1893 moon snail
"Natica subnoae" = Taniella subnoae7 Tate 1893 moon snail
"Natica substolida" = Austrocochlis substolida7 Tate 1893 moon snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptropsis turbinata7 Tenison Woods 1879 slipper shell
Calyptraea undulata7 Tate 1893 slipper shell
Crepidula unguiformis7 Lamarck 1822 slipper shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Trichotropidae
"Trichotropis accrescens" = Cerithioderma accrescens7
"Trichotropis accrescens" = Cerithioderma accrescens7 Tate 1890 snail
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
"Ranella pratti" = Cymatiella pratti5, "Triton gemmulatus" = Cymatiella gemmulatus5, "Triton tumulosus" = Austrotriton tumulosus5, "Triton woodsii" = Austrotriton woodsii5, "Triton gibbus" = Austrotriton gibbus5, "Triton protensus" = Austrotriton protensus5, "Triton cyphus" = Austrotriton cyphus5, "Triton textilis" = Austrotriton textilis5, "Triton annectans" = Austrosassia annectans5, "Triton tortirostris" = Austrosassia tortirostris5, "Triton intercostalis" = Ranella intercostalis5
"Ranella pratti" = Cymatiella pratti5 Tenison Woods 1879 triton shell
"Triton gemmulatus" = Cymatiella gemmulatus5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton tumulosus" = Austrotriton tumulosus5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton woodsii" = Austrotriton woodsii5 Tate 1879 triton shell
"Triton gibbus" = Austrotriton gibbus5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton protensus" = Austrotriton protensus5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton cyphus" = Austrotriton cyphus5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton textilis" = Austrotriton textilis5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton annectans" = Austrosassia annectans5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton tortirostris" = Austrosassia tortirostris5 Tate 1888 triton shell
"Triton intercostalis" = Ranella intercostalis5 Tate 1888 triton shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Siliquariidae
"Thylacodes cratericulus" = Lilax cratericulus5
"Thylacodes cratericulus" = Lilax cratericulus5 Tate 1893 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
"Turritella gemmulata" = Ctenocolpus gemmulata7, "Turritella platyspira" = Colpospira platyspira7, "Turritella murrayana" = Maoricolpus murrayana7, "Turritella acricula" = Gazameda acricula7
"Turritella gemmulata" = Ctenocolpus gemmulata7 Tate 1893 turret shell
"Turritella platyspira" = Colpospira platyspira7 Tenison Woods 1879 turret shell
"Turritella murrayana" = Maoricolpus murrayana7 Tate 1885 turret shell
"Turritella acricula" = Gazameda acricula7 Tate 1893 turret shell
Scaphopoda
  -
Entalis acriculum2 Tate 1887 tusk shell
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
"Entalis mantelli" = Fissidentalium mantelli2 Zittel 1865 tusk shell
Dentalium atratum2 Tate 1887 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
"Cadulus mucronatus" = Gadila mucronatus2
"Cadulus mucronatus" = Gadila mucronatus2 Tate 1887 tusk shell