Velerín Conglomerates, Estepona (Pliocene of Spain)

Where: Spain (36.4° N, 5.1° W: paleocoordinates 36.5° N, 5.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Piacenzian (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From unnamed lithostratigraphic unit, for which stratigraphic relations are not discussed in text. AGE: Early Piacenzian or Middle Pliocene of Guerra Merchán et al. (2002). STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unknown position within section.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: foreshore; poorly lithified, brown, argillaceous, sandy conglomerate and poorly lithified, yellow sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Stated to represent a shingle beach, deposited by storm action in a very short period of time and containing a mixture of faunal elements from a variety of depths and environments.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Conglomerate with brown sand, sometimes indurated and rare pockets of yellowish-brown sand. LITHIFICATION: Poorly lithified, on the basis of figured specimens and facies description.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite, replaced with calcite

Collected by Landau & Marquet

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTOR: Landau and Marquet. REPOSITORY: Landau personal collection, Marquet personal collection, and possivly the Institut. Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique.

Primary reference: B. Landau, R. Marquet, and M. Grigis. 2003. The Early Pliocene Gastropoda (Mollusca) of Estepona, Southern Spain. Part 1: Vetigastropoda. Paleontos 3:1-87 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 80562: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 26.04.2008, edited by Katherine Hendy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for major groups of gastropods covered in taxonomic treatments. Other major components of fauna (bivalvia) and minor components (e.g. coral) are not included. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication with modern nomenclature and use of species and subgenus resolution assignments.
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
Patella caerulea Linnaeus 1758 limpet
Cymbula excrenata Michelotti 1861 limpet
 Patellogastropoda -
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Spinucella cancellata3 murex snail
Spinucella praecedens3 murex snail
Orania fusulus3 murex snail
Orania turrita3 murex snail
Homalocantha heptagonata3 Bronn 1831 murex snail
Purpurellus veranyi3 Paulucci 1866 murex snail
Thais hoernesiana3 murex snail
Heteropurpura polymorpha3 Brocchi 1814 murex snail
Ocinebrina ariesiensis3 murex snail
MISSPELLED: Ocenebrina ariesensis
Ocinebrina sp.3 Jousseaume 1880 murex snail
Ocinebrina edwardsi3 Payraudeau 1826 murex snail
Ocinebrina concerpta3 Bellardi 1873 murex snail
Ocinebrina imbricata3 Brocchi 1814 murex snail
Hexaplex (Trunculariopsis) rudis3 Borson 1821 murex snail
Hexaplex (Trunculariopsis) trunculus3 Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
SUBSPECIES: Hexaplex (Trunculariopsis) trunculus conglobatus
Hexaplex (Trunculariopsis) cf. bourgeoisi3 Tournouër 1875 murex snail
Murexsul constantiae3 murex snail
Pterynotus swainsoni3 Michelotti 1841 mustached bat
Aspella sp.3 Mörch 1877 murex snail
Favartia absona3 murex snail
Favartia suboblonga3 murex snail
Dermomurex (Trialatella) jani3 Doderlein 1862 murex snail
Dermomurex (Dermomurex) scalaroides3 Blainville 1826 murex snail
Chicoreus (Triplex) foliosus3 Bellardi 1873 murex snail
Bolinus brandaris3 Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
SUBSPECIES: Bolinus brandaris torularius
Jaton sowerbyi3 murex snail
"Ocinebrina scalaris" = Ocenebra scalaris3 Brocchi 1814 murex snail
Ocenebra erinaceus3 Linnaeus 1758 murex snail
Cathymorula cathyae n. sp.3 murex snail
Coralliophila meyendorffii3 Calcara 1845 murex snail
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Ficus focoides1 fig shell
Ficus geometra1 fig shell
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
Pusula subpediculus2 d'Orbigny 1852 snail
Trivia perobsoleta2 Sacco 1894 snail
Trivia frigida2 Schilder 1932 snail
Trivia sphaericulata2 Lamarck 1810 snail
"Trivia acuminata" = Trivia monacha2 da Costa 1778 snail
Trivia candidula2 Gaskoin 1836 snail
"Trivia coccinelloides" = Trivia (Trivia) coccinelloides2 de Sowerby 1823 snail
Niveria dimidiata2 Bronn 1831 snail
Niveria dorsolaevigata2 Cocconi 1873 snail
Niveria permixta2 de Cristofori and Jan 1832 snail
Niveria parvavellana2 Sacco 1894 snail
Niveria avellanula2 Sacco 1894 snail
Cleotrivia esteponica2 Fehse and Landau 2002 snail
Hespererato cocconii2 Schilder 1933 snail
Erato subalata2 Sacco 1894 snail
Erato elongata2 Seguenza 1880 snail
Erato cerulii2 Schilder 1933 snail
Erato globosa2 Fehse and Landau 2001 snail
Erato pieris2 De Stefani and Pantanelli 1879 snail
"Erato pernana" = Erato (Eratopsis) pernana2 Sacco 1894 snail
 Cypraeoidea - Eocypraeidae
Apiocypraea spatiosa2 Fehse 2004 snail
Apiocypraea parvoastensis2 Sacco 1894 snail
Apiocypraea davidi2 Fontannes 1880 snail
 Cypraeoidea - Ovulidae
Simnialena cf. oryzagrana2 Dolin 1991 snail
Neosimnia pliomajor2 Sacco 1894 snail
Pseudosimnia passerinalis2 Lamarck 1810 snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Zonaria porcellus2 Brocchi 1814 cowry
Schilderia pseudamygdalum2 Sacco 1894 cowry
Schilderia plioamygdalum2 Sacco 1894 cowry
Schilderia garonettii2 Fehse 2004 cowry
"Schilderia utriculata" = Schilderia utricolata2 Lamarck 1810 cowry
Schilderia flavicula2 Lamarck 1810 cowry
Pedicularia deshayesiana2 Seguenza 1865 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
"Cymatium (Monoplex) corrugatum" = Monoplex1, "Cymatium (Monoplex) distortum" = Monoplex1, "Cymatium (Monoplex) doderleini" = Monoplex1, "Cymatium (Monoplex) heptagonum" = Monoplex1, "Cymatium (Monoplex) parthenopeum" = Monoplex parthenopeus1, Charonia lampas1, Sassia tuberculifera1, Sassia apenninica1, "Bufonaria (Aspa) marginata" = Aspa marginata1, Ranella olearium1
"Cymatium (Monoplex) corrugatum" = Monoplex1 triton shell
"Cymatium (Monoplex) distortum" = Monoplex1 triton shell
"Cymatium (Monoplex) doderleini" = Monoplex1 triton shell
"Cymatium (Monoplex) heptagonum" = Monoplex1 triton shell
"Cymatium (Monoplex) parthenopeum" = Monoplex parthenopeus1 von Salis Marschlins 1793 triton shell
Charonia lampas1 Linnaeus 1758 triton
Sassia tuberculifera1 triton shell
Sassia apenninica1 Sassi 1827 triton shell
"Bufonaria (Aspa) marginata" = Aspa marginata1 Gmelin 1791 triton shell
Ranella olearium1 Linnaeus 1758 triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Personidae
Distorsio cancellina1 Lamarck 1803 snail
Personopsis grasi1 D'Ancona 1872 snail
 Tonnoidea - Tonnidae
Tonna galea1 Linnaeus 1758 tun shell
Malea orbiculata1 tun shell
 Tonnoidea - Bursidae
Bursa scrobilator1 Linnaeus 1758 frog shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
Galeodea echinophora1 Linnaeus 1758 snail
"Echinophoria intermedia" = Echinophoria intermedium1 Brocchi 1814 snail
 Tonnoidea - Pisanianuridae
 Haliotoidea - Haliotidae
Haliotis tuberculata Linnaeus 1758 abalone
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Bolma baccata snail
SUBSPECIES: Bolma baccata mariachristinae
"Bolma rugosa" = Bolma rugosus Linnaeus 1767 snail
Bolma granosa Borson 1821 snail
 Turbinoidea - Phasianellidae
Tricolia pullus Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Seguenzioidea - Turcicidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Emarginula rosea Bell 1824 snail
Emarginula fissura Linnaeus 1758 snail
Diodora gibberula Lamarck 1822 snail
Diodora italica Defrance 1820 snail
Diodora graeca Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Scissurelloidea - Scissurellidae
Scissurella costata d'Orbigny 1824 snail
 Lepetelloidea - Addisoniidae
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Gibbula magus top snail
Gibbula spadinii top snail
Gibbula fanulum top snail
Gibbula varia top snail
Gibbula sp. Risso 1826 top snail
Jujubinus exasperatus Pennant 1777 top snail
Diloma patula top snail
Clanculus verai top snail
Clanculus cruciatus Linnaeus 1758 top snail
"Calliostoma conulus" = Calliostoma (Calliostoma) conulus Linnaeaus 1758 top snail
Phorcus richardi top snail