El Golfo de Santa Clara ( of Mexico)

Where: Sonora, Mexico (31.7° N, 114.5° W: paleocoordinates 31.6° N, 113.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Blancan (4.9 - 1.8 Ma)

• said to be Blancan

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: E. H. Lindsay. 1984. Late Cenozoic Mammals from Northwestern Mexico. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 4(2):208-215 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

PaleoDB collection 20322: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 30.04.1994, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• some indication this could be a mixed fauna
"more than 900 mapped vertebrate fossil localities": Croxen and Sussman 2000
31*40'N 114*30'W: Shaw and McDonald 1987
said to be Blancan by Kurten and Werdelin 1988, but Irvingtonian by Lindsay and by Shaw and McDonald 1987
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Sigmodon curtisi5 Gidley 1922 cotton rat
Neotoma sp. Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
"N. (Neotoma) sp."
Hodomys sp. Merriam 1894 mouse
"Neotoma (Hodomys) sp."
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor cf. californicus Kellogg 1911 beaver
 Rodentia - Caviidae
Neochoerus sp.1 Hay 1926 caviomorph
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 hare
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus aff. complicatus Leidy 1858 horse
Equus cf. conversidens Owen 1869 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Tremarctos cf. floridanus Gidley 1928 Florida cave bear
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon sp.2 Storr 1780 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Taxidea sp. Waterhouse 1839 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis edwardii6 Gazin 1942 canine
Canis lepophagus6 Johnston 1938 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
cf. Homotherium sp. Fabrini 1890 cat
Lynx sp.1 Kerr 1792 lynx
Panthera cf. onca1 Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Phyllophaga - Nothrotheriidae
Nothrotheriops texanus4 Hay 1916 edentate
 Xenarthra - Myrmecophagidae
Myrmecophaga tridactyla5 Linnaeus 1758 giant anteater
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx wheatleyi Cope 1871 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon sp.2 Brown 1903 edentate
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Cuvieronius sp. Osborn 1923 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Mammuthus imperator" = Mammuthus columbi
"Mammuthus imperator" = Mammuthus columbi Falconer 1857 imperial mammoth
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelidae indet.1 Gray 1821 camel
cf. Palaeolama sp. Gervais 1869 camel
Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
Hemiauchenia sp. Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Ovis sp. Linnaeus 1758 sheep
said to be new; only Irvingtonian record, and not discussed by Kurten and Anderson 1980
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 New World deer
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Stockoceros sp.1 Skinner 1942 pronghorn
Tetrameryx sp.2 Lull 1921 pronghorn
may include additional antilocaprid of Lindsay