Priozernoe (Pliocene of Moldova)

Where: Moldova (46.8° N, 29.9° E: paleocoordinates 47.0° N, 29.6° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pliocene (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• "fossils belonging to the Kuchurgan faunal complex, which corresponds to the early Pliocene (Ruscinium)." (Baryshnikov & Zakharov, 2013)

Environment/lithology: fluvial; sandstone

• "The section reveals the strata of alluvial sediment divided into 4 layers (Chepalyga et al. 2011). The lower darkgray loamy-alluvial layer (thickness 2.0–3.5 m) is overlaid by yellow and yellow-gray sands (thickness 6.0–7.0 m) bearing the majority of mammal fossil remains. The geological unit situated above is formed by sandy-loam sediment (thickness 1.0–2.5 m) and by present-day soil (thickness 1.0–1.5 m)." (Baryshnikov & Zakharov, 2013)

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: G. F. Baryshnikov and D. S. Zakharov. 2013. Early Pliocene Bear Ursus thibetanus (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Priozernoe Locality in the Dniester Basin (Moldova Republic). Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 317(1):3-10 [A. Dunhill/B. Allen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 198590: authorized by Alex Dunhill, entered by Bethany Allen on 20.12.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Actinopteri
 Acipenseriformes - Acipenseridae
Acipenser sp. Linnaeus 1758 sturgeon
 Esociformes - Esocidae
Esox sp. Linnaeus 1758 pike
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Rutilus frisii carp-like fish
Scardinius sp. Sauvage 1873 carp-like fish
Tinca sp. Cuvier 1817 carp-like fish
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
Silurus sp. Linnaeus 1758 catfish
Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Anura indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1813 frog
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
Testudo cernovi Khosatzky 1948 turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Melanochelys pidoplickoi Indian black turtles
Melanochelys mossozyi Indian black turtles
Emys sp. Dumeril 1806 pond turtle
Aves
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthio sp. Linnaeus 1758 ostrich
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet. Bonaparte 1831 squamates
 Squamata -
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Dolichopithecus sp. Depéret 1889 monkey
Dolichopithecus cf. ruscinensis Depéret 1889 monkey
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
Occitanomys cf. adroveri Thaler 1966 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetidae indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1817 mouse
"? Kowalskia sp." = Neocricetodon Schaub 1934 mouse
 Rodentia - Spalacidae
cf. Nannospalax sp. Palmer 1903 mouse
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Dryomimus cf. eliomyoides Kretzoi 1959 dormouse
 Rodentia - Castoridae
cf. Trogontherium sp. Fischer von Waldheim 1809 beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Trischizolagus dumitrescuae Radulesco and Samson 1967 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotonidae indet. Thomas 1897 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 mole
Desmaninae indet. Thomas 1912 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Deinsdorfia sp. Heller 1963 red-toothed shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus thibetanus Cuvier 1823 Asian black bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Paracamelus alexejevi Khavesson 1950 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervidae indet., "Muntjaccus sp." = Muntiacus, "Muntjaccus pliocaenicus" = Muntiacus, Eostylocerus sp., Procapreolus sp.
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
"Muntjaccus sp." = Muntiacus Rafinesque 1815 muntjak
"Muntjaccus pliocaenicus" = Muntiacus muntjak
Eostylocerus sp. Zdansky 1925 deer
(Presumed misspelling from Eostyocerus sp.)
Procapreolus sp. Schlosser 1929 deer
(Presumed misspelling from Procapreous sp.)