TU 77 - Burwell Bay [Yorktown Fm] (Pliocene of the United States)

Where: Isle of Wight County, Virginia (37.1° N, 76.6° W: paleocoordinates 37.1° N, 76.0° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Yorktown Formation, Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Yorktown Fm, which unconformably overlies regionally the Eastover Fm (Late Miocene), and is unconformably overlain regionally by the Chowan River Fm. It is unknown from which member of the Yorktown Formation that this collection is derived. AGE: Early to early-Late Pliocene on the basis of known age-range of the Yorktown Formation (Ward, 1992). STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unknown position within the formation.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Shallow marine siliciclastic environment.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Sandstone. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, on the basis of visual inspection of collection.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by Evans; reposited in the FMNH

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTOR: D. Evans. REPOSITORY: FLMNH, Gainesville, FL.

Primary reference: E. H. Vokes and H. E. Vokes. 2000. Catalogue of Tulane University fossil localities. Unpublished notes [A. Hendy/A. Hendy/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 79709: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 18.03.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda, bivalvia and other macroinvertebrates. NOMENCLATURE: Lists, counts, and identifications compiled by A. Hendy, C. Ferguson, and D. Buick, in reference to Gardner (1947), and subsequent publications.
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
 Arcida - Noetiidae
Noetia incile Say 1824 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Chesapecten jeffersonius Say 1824 scallop
Chesapecten madisonius Say 1824 scallop
Placopecten clintonius Say 1824 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia sp. Linnaeus 1758 jingle
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Chama striata" = Nanogyra (Palaeogyra) virgula Deshayes 1831 oyster
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Conradostrea sp. Ward and Blackwelder 1987 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Ischadium recurvum Rafinesque 1820 mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
"Astarte undulata" = Astarte (Ashtarotha) undulata Say 1824 clam
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Marvacrassatella sp. Ward and Blackwelder 1987 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Caryocorbula conradi Gardner 1944 clam
 Pholadida - Teredinidae
Kuphus fistula Lea 1843 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Mulinia congesta Conrad 1833 clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
Diplodonta acclinis Conrad 1832 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Chione cribraria Conrad 1843 venus clam
Mercenaria sp. Schumacher 1817 quahog
Mercenaria campechiensis Gmelin 1791 quahog
"Agriopoma sayana" = Pitar morrhuanus Dall 1902 venus clam
Gouldia metastriata venus clam
[entered as Gouldia metastriatum]
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellinidae indet. Blainville 1814 tellin clam
Moerella declivis Conrad 1834 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
Psammobiidae indet. Fleming 1828 clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Semele subovata Say 1824 clam
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
"Thracia" sp. Blainville 1824 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Parvilucina crenulatus" = Parvilucina crenulata
"Parvilucina crenulatus" = Parvilucina crenulata Conrad 1840 clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Astyris communis Conrad 1862 snail
Costoanachis avara Say 1822 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Ptychosalpinx sp. Gill 1867 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Lirosoma sulcosa Conrad 1830 snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella sp. Lamarck 1799 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Ecphora quadricostata Conrad 1830 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
"Drillia" eburnea Conrad 1862 snail
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Euspira heros Say 1822 moon snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Crucibulum (Dispotaea) constrictum Conrad 1842 slipper shell
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
"Crepidula spinosa" = Bostrycapulus aculeatus Gmelin 1791 slipper shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella (Turritella) alticostata Conrad 1834 turret shell
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Diodora sp. Gray 1821 snail
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae