Waldringfield, Suffolk (Wood collection) (Pleistocene of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (52.1° N, 1.3° E: paleocoordinates 52.1° N, 1.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Red Crag Formation, Gelasian (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Red Crag, which is regionally overlies the Coralline Crag. AGE: Late Pliocene, according to Rayner, 1981 on the basis of foraminiferal and palynological biostratigraphy (now in the Pleistocene). STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unknown position within formation.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified siliciclastic sediments

• ENVIRONMENT: Shallow marine siliciclastic.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Not stated in text, but siliciclastic based on observation of specimens. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, based on observation and figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite

Collected by S.V. Wood; reposited in the BMNH

• COLLECTOR: Not stated, but probably Stearns Wood, c. 1840's-1870's. REPOSITORY: Not stated in text.

Primary reference: S. V. Wood. 1879. Monograph of the Crag Mollusca with descriptions of shells from the upper tertiaries of the east of England 4:1-58 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 84757: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 10.11.2008, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for mollusca. Other volumes when entered will include bryozoa, brachiopoda, and anthozoa. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication, but with antiquated nomenclature, which is revised where possible through more recent sources.
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
"Terebratula harmeri n. sp." = Pliothyrina harmeri1, "Terebratula variabilis" = Pliothyrina sowerbyana1
"Terebratula harmeri n. sp." = Pliothyrina harmeri1 Bell 1921
Terebratula grandis in Wood 1874 (Pl 8, fig 11c)
"Terebratula variabilis" = Pliothyrina sowerbyana1 Nyst 1843
Terebratula grandis in Wood 1874 (Pl 8, fig 11a,b)
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten disparatus2 Wood 1882 scallop
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Pholas intermedia Wood 1879 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama gryphoides Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Mactra ponderosa" = Mactrodesma ponderosa
"Mactra ponderosa" = Mactrodesma ponderosa Conrad 1830 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Lucina crassidens Wood 1879 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula turgens Wood 1879 nut clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
"Cancellaria (Admete) avara" = Costoanachis avara
"Cancellaria (Admete) avara" = Costoanachis avara Say 1822 snail
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
"Nassa consociata" = Nassarius (Tritonella) consociatus Wood 1848 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Fusus nodifer" = Buccinofusus nodifer
"Fusus nodifer" = Buccinofusus nodifer Wood 1879 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Trophon pseudoturtoni Wood 1879 murex snail
Trophon (Sipho) tortuosus Reeve 1855 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Pleurotoma morreni de Konninck 1837 turrid
Pleurotoma senilis Wood 1877 turrid
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Triton connectens Wood 1872 triton
Ranella anglica Bell 1871 triton shell
 Pulmonata - Ellobiidae
Melampus fusiformis Wood 1872 pulmonate
SUBSPECIES: Melampus fusiformis elongatus