Babica, Middle Carpathians (Paleocene of Poland)

Also known as KT loc. 435

Where: Poland (49.9° N, 21.9° E: paleocoordinates 39.4° N, 20.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Babica Clays Member (Babica Beds Formation), Thanetian (59.2 - 56.0 Ma)

• Dated by Szechura, J., and Pozaryska, K. (1974). “Foraminiferida from the Paleocene of Polish carpathians (Babica Clays).” Palaeontologica Polonica, 31, 1-142. as upper Paleocene

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; poorly lithified claystone and poorly lithified sandstone

• The Babica Clays (50 m thick) exhibit great faciesl varaibility. They consist of loose sands, sandstones, conglomerates, shales, sometimes marls and the so-called Babica Clays with exotics. The latter form several lenses up to 10 m thick in the upper part of the Babica Beds.

•Deposition in shallow water and transported into flysch basin by mud flows

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: mechanical,

• Corals and bivalves associated but not described

Primary reference: W. Krach. 1963. Mollusca of the Babica Clays (Paleocene) of the Middle Carpathians. Pt. I. Gastropoda. Studia Geologica Polonica 14:1-151 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 27018: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 13.11.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Only gastropods included
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Acirsa subplicata, "Acirsella inermis" = Acirsa (Acirsella)
"Acirsella inermis" = Acirsa (Acirsella) wentletrap
 Neritoina - Neritopsidae
Neritopsis sp. Grateloup 1832 snail
 Patellogastropoda - Acmaeidae
Proscutum montense limpet
Scutum montense
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
Patella sp. Linnaeus 1758 limpet
sp. ind. 1, 2
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Scaphander polysarcus Cossmann and Pissarro 1913 snail
 Triphoroidea - Triforidae
"Cerithiella sulcifera" = Cerithiella, "Cerithiella tritorquata" = Cerithiella, "Newtoniella dissimilis" = Cerithiella, "Newtoniella diversa" = Cerithiella, "Newtoniella textiloides" = Cerithiella, "Newtoniella sp." = Cerithiella
"Cerithiella sulcifera" = Cerithiella snail
Newtoniella sulcifera
"Cerithiella tritorquata" = Cerithiella snail
Newtoniella tritorquata
"Newtoniella dissimilis" = Cerithiella snail
"Newtoniella diversa" = Cerithiella snail
"Newtoniella textiloides" = Cerithiella snail
"Newtoniella sp." = Cerithiella Verrill 1882 snail
sp. ind. 1, 2
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
 Triphoroidea - Cerithiopsidae
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
Ampullina sp. Férussac 1822 snail
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella mitreola olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
"Athleta cf. elevata" = Volutocorbis elevata Sowerby 1840 volute
 Neogastropoda - Cochlespiridae
"Surcula terebralis" = Ancistrosyrinx terebralis
"Surcula terebralis" = Ancistrosyrinx terebralis Lamarck 1804 snail
 Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae
"Raphitoma leptocolpa" = Amblyacrum leptocolpa
"Raphitoma leptocolpa" = Amblyacrum leptocolpa Cossmann 1889 snail
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Littorina sp. Ferussac 1821 periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Hipponix imbricataria hoof shell
Hipponyx imbricataria
Hipponix inevolutus hoof shell
Hipponyx inevolutus
Hipponix sp. Defrance 1819 hoof shell
sp. ind. 1-3
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
Eulima sp. Risso 1826 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica perforata" = Euspira perforata
"Natica perforata" = Euspira perforata Deshayes 1864 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Cypraea sp. Linnaeus 1758 cowry
sp. ind. 1
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Vermetus moerchi worm shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea montensis slipper shell
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Sassia delafossei triton shell
Eutritonium (Sassia) delafossei
Sassia inornatum triton shell
Eutritonium inornatum
Sassia sp. Bellardi 1872 triton shell
sp. ind. 2, 3
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Alvania sp. Risso 1826 snail
sp. ind. 1, 2
Rissoina sp. d'Orbigny 1840 snail
4 species
 Sorbeoconcha - Campanilidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Trypanaxidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Potamididae
Exechestoma sp. Cossmann 1899 horn snail
Potamides (Exechostoma) sp. n. 3
Pirenella carpaticus horn snail
Potamides (Pirenella) carpaticus
"Ptychopotamides sp." = Potamides (Ptychopotamides) Sacco 1895 horn snail
Potamides (Ptychopotamides) sp. n. 1
Tympanotonos aff. calcitrapoides horn snail
Tympanotomus aff. calcitrapoides
Tympanotonos sp. Schumacher 1817 horn snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
? Hemisinus ? bizonatus snail
Semisinus bizonatus?
Cornetia cf. malaisei snail
Cerithium (Vulgocerithium) malaisei
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella nysti turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Melanopsidae
Melanopsis ancillaroides Deshayes 1824 snail
? Melanopsis ? sodalis Deshayes 1862 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Batillariidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
"Striovertagus queteleti" = Clava (Striovertagus) cerith snail
Rhinoclavis queteleti
Bittium babicense cerith snail
Bittium subfragile cerith snail
Bittium transenna cerith snail
Bittium sp. Gray 1847 cerith snail
"Ptychocerithium resoviense" = Cerithium (Ptychocerithium) cerith snail
Cerithium (Ptychocerithium) resoviense
 Sorbeoconcha - Pachychilidae
Melanatria archiaci snail
Faunus (Melanatria) archiaci
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
 Heterostropha - Mathildidae
Fimbriatella praefilogranata snail
Mathildia (Fimbriatella) praefilogranata
Mathilda sp. Semper 1865 snail
Mathildia sp. ind. 1, 2
 Basommatophora - Siphonariidae
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Pyramidella sp., Turbonilla sp., "Megastomia hordeola" = Odostomia (Megastomia), "Megastomia sp." = Odostomia (Megastomia)
Pyramidella sp. Lamarck 1799 snail
Turbonilla sp. Risso 1826 snail
sp. ind. 1-5
"Megastomia hordeola" = Odostomia (Megastomia) snail
Odontostomia hordeola
"Megastomia sp." = Odostomia (Megastomia) snail
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
"Boutillieria carpatica" = Homalopoma (Boutillieria)
"Boutillieria carpatica" = Homalopoma (Boutillieria) snail
Leptothyra carpatica Kropaczek + 2 variations
 Seguenzioidea - Seguenziidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Solariella ? briarti top snail
Gibbula briarti?
Tectus sp. Monfort 1810 top snail
Calliostoma babicensis top snail
Eumargarita babicensis
Calliostoma carpatica top snail
Eumargarita carpatica
 Trochoidea - Ataphridae
Cirsochilus babicensis snail
Collonia (Cirsochilus) babicensis
Cirsochilus carpatica snail
Collonia (Cirsochilus) carpatica
Cirsochilus praestriata snail
Collonia (Cirsochilus) praestriata
Cirsochilus praeturbinoides snail
Collonia (Cirsochilus) praeturbinoides