Kingston Saltpeter Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Bartow County, Georgia (34.2° N, 84.9° W: paleocoordinates 34.2° N, 84.9° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

Primary reference: R. A. Martin and J. M. Sneed. 1989. Late Pleistocene records of caribou and elk from Georgia and Alabama. Georgia Journal of Science 47:117-122 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 84190: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 24.09.2008, edited by Richard Hulbert and Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Bartramia longicauda2, "cf. Catoptrophorus semipalmatus" = Tringa semipalmata2, Scolopax minor2
Bartramia longicauda2 Bechstein 1812 upland sandpiper
"cf. Catoptrophorus semipalmatus" = Tringa semipalmata2 Gmelin 1789 willet
Scolopax minor2 Gmelin 1789 American woodcock
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
Coragyps atratus2 Bechstein 1793 black vulture
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco sparverius2 Linnaeus 1758 American kestrel
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Asio sp.2, "Otus asio" = Megascops asio2
Asio sp.2 Brisson 1760 true owl
"Otus asio" = Megascops asio2 Linnaeus 1758 eastern screech-owl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Ectopistes migratorius2 Linnaeus 1758 passenger pigeon
 Piciformes - Picidae
Dryocopus pileatus2 Linnaeus 1758 pileated woodpecker
Melanerpes sp.2 Swainson 1832 woodpecker
Colaptes auratus2 Linnaeus 1758 northern flicker
Picoides villosus2 Linnaeus 1766 hairy woodpecker
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet.2 Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Pica pica2 Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian magpie
Corvus corax2 Linnaeus 1758 common raven
Corvus brachyrhynchos2 Brehm 1822 American crow
Cyanocitta cristata2 Linnaeus 1758 blue jay
 Passeriformes - Tyrannidae
Sayornis phoebe2 Latham 1790 eastern phoebe
 Passeriformes - Passerellidae
Passerellidae indet.1 Cabanis 1851 new world sparrow
Pipilo erythrophthalmus2 Linnaeus 1758 eastern towhee
Spizella passerina2 Bechstein 1798 chipping sparrow
or could be Ammodramus sandwichensis
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallidae indet.2 Vigors 1825 rail
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Podilymbus podiceps2 Linnaeus 1758 pied-billed grebe
 Galliformes - Tetraonidae
Tetraonidae indet.2 Linnaeus 1758 grouse
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Meleagris gallopavo2 Linnaeus 1758 wild turkey
Bonasa umbellus2 Linnaeus 1766 ruffed grouse
Tympanuchus cupido2 Linnaeus 1758 greater prairie chicken
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
Colinus virginianus2 Linnaeus 1758 northern bobwhite
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
"Anas strepera" = Mareca strepera2 Linnaeus 1758 gadwall
Aix sponsa2 Linnaeus 1758 wood duck
"Anas discors" = Spatula discors2 Linnaeus 1766 blue-winged teal
Bucephala albeola2 Linnaeus 1758 bufflehead
Lophodytes cucullatus2 Linnaeus 1758 hooded merganser
Aythya collaris2 Donovan 1809 ring-necked duck
Anas cf. platyrhynchos2 Linnaeus 1758 mallard
Anas crecca2 Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian teal
Anas acuta2 Linnaeus 1758 northern pintail
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipitridae indet.2 Viellot 1816 hawk
Mammalia
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus elaphus Linnaeus 1758 red deer