Cheek Bend Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as 40MU261

Where: Maury County, Tennessee (35.6° N, 86.9° W: paleocoordinates 35.6° N, 86.8° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "in the bottom 2 m" of the excavation; "late Pleistocene" in age based on fauna, but "Late Wisconsinan" according to Parmalee and Klippel 1982

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; siliciclastic sediments

• "soil" that forms a "fill"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 1978 - 1979

Collection methods: quarrying

Primary reference: P. W. Parmalee and W. E. Klippel. 1981. Remains of the wood turtle Clemmys insculpta (Le Conte) from a late Pleistocene deposit in Middle Tennessee. American Midland Naturalist 105(2):413-416 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 82890: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 03.08.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• there are "many thousands of vertebrate and mollus remains" but the list focuses on extralimital species
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panemydidae
"Clemmys insculpta" = Glyptemys insculpta
"Clemmys insculpta" = Glyptemys insculpta Le Conte 1830 wood turtle
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
"Capella gallinago" = Gallinago gallinago, "Philohela minor" = Scolopax minor
"Capella gallinago" = Gallinago gallinago Linnaeus 1758 common snipe
"Philohela minor" = Scolopax minor Gmelin 1789 American woodcock
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco sparverius Linnaeus 1758 American kestrel
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Strix varia Barton 1799 barred owl
Aegolius funereus Linnaeus 1758 boreal owl
Aegolius acadicus Gmelin 1788 northern saw-whet owl
Surnia ulula Linnaeus 1758 northern hawk owl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Ectopistes migratorius Linnaeus 1758 passenger pigeon
 Piciformes - Picidae
Melanerpes carolinus Linnaeus 1758 red-bellied woodpecker
Colaptes auratus Linnaeus 1758 northern flicker
Picoides villosus Linnaeus 1766 hairy woodpecker
 Passeriformes - Icteridae
Sturnella sp. Vieillot 1816 meadowlark
 Passeriformes - Sittidae
Sitta canadensis Linnaeus 1766 red-breasted nuthatch
 Passeriformes - Alaudidae
Eremophila alpestris Linnaeus 1759 horned lark
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Perisoreus canadensis Linnaeus 1766 Canada jay
Cyanocitta cristata Linnaeus 1758 blue jay
 Passeriformes - Fringillidae
"Carpodacus purpureus" = Haemorhous purpureus, Pinicola enucleator, "Carduelis pinus" = Spinus pinus
"Carpodacus purpureus" = Haemorhous purpureus Gmelin 1789 purple finch
Pinicola enucleator Linnaeus 1758 pine grosbeak
"Carduelis pinus" = Spinus pinus Wilson 1810 pine siskin
 Passeriformes - Tyrannidae
Sayornis phoebe Latham 1790 eastern phoebe
 Passeriformes - Passerellidae
Pipilo erythrophthalmus Linnaeus 1758 eastern towhee
Zonotrichia albicollis Gmelin 1789 white-throated sparrow
 Passeriformes - Turdidae
Turdus migratorius Linnaeus 1758 American robin
 Caprimulgiformes - Apodidae
Chaetura pelagica Linnaeus 1758 chimney swift
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Coturnicops noveboracensis Gmelin 1789 yellow rail
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Bonasa umbellus Linnaeus 1766 ruffed grouse
"Pedioecetes phasianellus" = Tympanuchus phasianellus Linnaeus 1758 sharp-tailed grouse
Tympanuchus cupido Linnaeus 1758 greater prairie chicken
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Phenacomys intermedius Merriam 1889 western heather vole
Clethrionomys gapperi Vigors 1830 southern red-backed vole
Microtus xanthognathus Leach 1815 taiga vole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Glaucomys sabrinus Shaw 1801 northern flying squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys sp. Rafinesque 1817 pocket gopher
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex palustris Richardson 1828 American water shrew
Sorex arcticus Kerr 1792 arctic shrew
"Microsorex hoyi" = Sorex hoyi Baird 1858 American pygmy shrew