Upware, England (Jurassic of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Reef 544

Where: England, United Kingdom (52.2° N, 0.1° E: paleocoordinates 42.9° N, 9.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Bifurcatus zone, West Walton Beds Formation, Middle Oxfordian (161.2 - 155.7 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified framestone

• Microsolenid biostrome with platy growth forms.

•30-50 % skeletal biovolume.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: E. Insalaco. 1996. Upper Jurassic microsolenid biostromes of northern and central Europe: facies and depositional environment. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 121:169-194 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 22737: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 24.06.2002

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Extremely rich associated fauna including epifaunal bivalves, crinoids, echinoids, serpulids, brachiopods, bryozoans, sponges and stromatolites
Girvanella
  -
Girvanella sp.1 Nicholson and Etheridge 1878
Lagenina
 Nodosariacea - Nodosariidae
Lenticulina sp.1 Lamarck 1804
Citharina sp.1 d'Orbigny 1839
listed as Ceitharina sp.
Crustacea
  -
"Crustacea" indet.1 Brünnich 1772
Rhynchonellata
 Thecideida - Thecidellinidae
 Terebratulida -
Terebratulida indet.2 Waagen 1883
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Serpula sp.1 Linnaeus 1758
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Eonavicula sp.1 Arkell 1929 clam
Arca sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 ark
Barbatia sp.1 Gray 1842 clam
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
Parallelodon sp.1 Meek and Worthen 1866 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Chlamys sp.1 Röding 1798 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
Plagiostoma sp.1 Sowerby 1814 file clam
Ctenostreon sp.1 Eichwald 1862 file clam
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula sp.1 Lamarck 1801 scallop
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
Liostrea sp.1 Douvillé 1904 oyster
Nanogyra sp.1 Beurlen 1958 oyster
 Ostreida - Palaeolophidae
Actinostreon sp.2 Bayle 1878 oyster
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
Gervillella sp.1 Waagen 1907 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 mussel
Lithophaga sp.1 Röding 1798 mussel
Modiolus sp.1 Lamarck 1801 mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
Opis sp.1 Defrance 1824 clam
Praeconia sp.1 Stoliczka 1871 clam
Prorokia sp.1 Böhm 1883 clam
Neocrassina sp.1 Fischer 1887 clam
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena sp.1 Spengler 1783 clam
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
Hiatella sp.1 Daudin 1801 clam
 Myoida -
 Protobranchia - Isoarcidae
Isoarca sp.1 Muenster 1842 clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Bourguetia sp.1 Deshayes 1871 turrid
Pseudomelania sp.1 Pictet and Campiche 1862 turrid
 Sorbeoconcha - Procerithiidae
Procerithium sp.1 Cossmann 1902 snail
 Heterobranchia - Nerineidae
Nerinella sp.1 Sharpe 1849 snail
 Amberleyoidea - Nododelphinulidae
Metriomphalus sp.1 Cossmann 1916 snail
Stenolaemata
 Cyclostomata - Stomatoporidae
Stomatopora sp.1 Bronn 1825
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Polycidaridae
Paracidaris sp.1 pencil urchin
 Irregularia - Nucleolitidae
Nucleolites sp.1 Lamarck 1801 sea urchin
Crinoidea
 Isocrinida - Isocrinidae
Isocrinus sp.1 Meyer in Agassiz 1836 Sea lily
  -
Pentacrinus sp.1 Miller 1821 Sea lily
Demospongea
 Ancorinida - Geodiidae
Rhaxella sp.1 demosponge
Calcarea
 Calcaronea - Stellispongiidae
Enaulofungia sp.1 Fromentel 1860 calcareous sponge
Hydrozoa
 Hydroida -
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Latomeandridae
Fungiastraea sp. Alloiteau 1952 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Microsolenidae
Dimorpharaea sp. de Fromentel 1861 stony coral
Microsolena sp. Lamouroux 1821 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Thamnasteriidae
Thamnasteria sp. LeSauvage 1823 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Montlivaltiidae
Thecosmilia sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Rhabdophyllia sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 stony coral
Montlivaltia sp. Lamouroux 1821 stony coral
Isastrea sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 stony coral
Foraminferea
 Miliolida - Nubeculariidae
Nubeculinella sp.1 Cushman 1930