East Africa Copal (Coburg collection) (Holocene of Tanzania)

Where: Tanzania (6.9° S, 39.3° E: paleocoordinates 6.9° S, 39.3° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• Giebel and some later workers considered this to be Baltic amber, but Hennig (1966) demonstrated that the inclusions were extant east African species and argued that the provenance was from copal instead. Spectroscopic analysis demonstrates that "it is clear that the samples of copal containing Lomatia and Tachina are from a leguminous source. In fact, the resin probably is from a species of Trachylobium which occurs in East Africa. It is somewhat similar to Copaifera which produces the West African copals. However, resin from Trachylobium appears more similar than those from Copaifera." (White, 1977)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: soft parts, amber

Collection methods: Repository: Naturkunde-Museum Coburg

Primary reference: C. Giebel. 1862. Wirbelthier und Insektenreste im Bernstein. Zeitschrift für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaft 20:311-321 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 129861: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Raghav Sehtia on 29.06.2012, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Cercopidae
Cercopis aurata n. sp. Giebel 1862 froghopper
NMC 4187
 Hemiptera - Ricaniidae
Ricania multinervis n. sp. Giebel 1862 planthopper
NMC 4178
 Hemiptera -
Poeocera venulosa n. sp. Giebel 1862 planthopper
NMC 4175
 Hemiptera - Pentatomidae
Pentatoma schaurothi n. sp. Giebel 1862 stink bug
NMC 4188
 Blattodea - Blaberidae
"Blatta ruficeps n. sp." = Eustegasta ruficeps
"Blatta ruficeps n. sp." = Eustegasta ruficeps Giebel 1862 giant cockroach
NMC 4189
 Blattodea - Ectobiidae
"Blatta elliptica n. sp." = Namablatta elliptica
"Blatta elliptica n. sp." = Namablatta elliptica Giebel 1862 cockroach
NMC 4190
 Mantodea - Chaeteessidae
Chaetoessa burmeisteri n. sp. Giebel 1862 mantis
 Mantodea - Amorphoscelidae
"Chaetoessa brevialata n. sp." = Amorphoscelis brevialata
"Chaetoessa brevialata n. sp." = Amorphoscelis brevialata Giebel 1862 mantis
NMC 4176
 Hymenoptera - Chrysididae
Chrysis viridicyanea n. sp. Giebel 1862 cuckoo wasp
NMC 4184
 Coleoptera - Cleridae
Clerus succini n. sp. Giebel 1862 checkered beetle
NMC 4193
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
Serica sp. MacLeay 1819 scarab beetle
NMC 4192
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Chlaenius electrinus n. sp. Giebel 1862 ground beetle
NMC 4194
Helluomorpha protogaea n. sp. Giebel 1862 ground beetle
NMC 4191
 Diptera - Culicidae
"Culex loewi n. sp." = Toxorhynchites brevipalpis
"Culex loewi n. sp." = Toxorhynchites brevipalpis Theobald 1901 elephant mosquito
NMC 4179
 Diptera - Bombyliidae
"Lomatia gracilis n. sp." = Petrorossia gracilis
"Lomatia gracilis n. sp." = Petrorossia gracilis Giebel 1862 bee fly
NMC 4180
 Diptera - Tachinidae
"Tachina succini n. sp." = Drino (Palexorista) solennis
"Tachina succini n. sp." = Drino (Palexorista) solennis Walker 1858 fly
NMC 4171
 Diptera - Pyrgotidae
"Eriphia setosa n. sp." = Campylocera setosa
"Eriphia setosa n. sp." = Campylocera setosa Giebel 1862 fly
NMC 4173
 Lepidoptera - Geometridae
Angerona electrina n. sp. Giebel 1862 geometer moth
NMC 4177
Reptilia
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Platydactylus minutus n. sp. Giebel 1862 gecko