Elderberry Canyon Quarry (Eocene of the United States)

Where: White Pine County, Nevada (39.0° N, 114.1° W: paleocoordinates 43.4° N, 101.0° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: "Sheep Pass" Formation, Bridgerian (50.3 - 46.2 Ma)

• from "a bed of limestone about 25 to 30 cm thick"

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - small; limestone

• "a shallow, warm, heavily vegetated, permanent, hardwater lake"
• "limestone"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying,

• much of the collection is from a quarry "approximately 2 by 3 m" in area

Primary reference: R. J. Emry. 1990. Mammals of the Bridgerian (middle Eocene) Elderberry Canyon Local Fauna of eastern Nevada. In T. M. Bown and K. D. Rose (eds.), Dawn of the Age of Mammals in the Northern Part of the Rocky Mountain Interior, North America. Geological Society of America Special Paper 243:187-210 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 16218: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Anura indet. frog
"a variety of small anuran amphibians"
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
"At least two different birds"
Reptilia
 Squamata -
Squamata indet. Oppel 1811 lizard
"lizards"
? Serpentes indet. snake
"possibly snakes"
Mammalia
 Cimolesta - Pantolestidae
"Pantolestes longicaudus" = Pantolestes longieundus
"Pantolestes longicaudus" = Pantolestes longieundus Cope 1872 eutherian
 Primates - Microsyopidae
Uintasorex sp. Matthew 1909 primate
 Primates - Omomyidae
Trogolemur myodes Matthew 1909 tarsier
 Primates - Notharctidae
Notharctus tenebrosus Leidy 1870 primate
presumably sensu Gingerich 1979a
 Rodentia - Sciuravidae
Sciuravus sp. Marsh 1871 rodent
Pauromys exallos3 Korth and Emry 1989 rodent
Knightomys sp.3 Gazin 1961 rodent
 Rodentia -
Elymys complexus3 Korth and Emry 1989 rodent
 Rodentia - Reithroparamyidae
 Rodentia - Ischyromyidae
Mattimys sp. Korth 1984 rodent
Microparamys sambucus3 Korth and Emry 1989 rodent
 Condylarthra - Hyopsodontidae
Hyopsodus paulus Leidy 1870 condylarth
 Perissodactyla -
Isectolophus latidens Osborn et al. 1878 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla - Hyrachyidae
"Hyrachyus modestus" = Hyrachyus modestus, "Hyrachyus affinis" = Hyrachyus modestus
"Hyrachyus modestus" = Hyrachyus modestus Leidy 1870 odd-toed ungulate
"Hyrachyus affinis" = Hyrachyus modestus Leidy 1870 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla -
Fouchia elyensis2 Emry 1989 odd-toed ungulate
"Hyrachyidae undescribed genus":
Helaletes nanus Marsh 1871 odd-toed ungulate
 Chiroptera -
Microchiroptera indet. Dobson 1875 bat
at least two forms
 Ferae - Viverravidae
Viverravidae indet. Wortman and Matthew 1899 placental
Viverravus minutus Wortman 1901 placental
 Ferae - Epoicotheriidae
? Tetrapassalus cf. mckennai Simpson 1959 placental
 Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Sinopa rapax1 Leidy 1871 eutherian
 Artiodactyla - Homacodontidae
Antiacodon pygmaeus Cope 1872 even-toed ungulate
 Sarcobora - Apatemyidae
Apatemys bellus Marsh 1872 insectivoran
unclassified
  -
Plantae indet. Haeckel 1866
"root casts and other plant impressions"