Saint-Prest (Pleistocene of France)

Also known as Saint Prest

Where: France (48.5° N, 1.5° E: paleocoordinates 48.5° N, 1.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• MNQ20, roughly 1.0Ma. In a karstic depression in the upper part of a slope in the Eure Valley. Four different levels: 'The depression is first filled by periglacial alluvial sands and gravels of the River Eure (very high terrace), then covered by a clayey sand where the interglacial fauna has been found. Above there are two formations: periglacial sands and cailloutis deriving from the plateau deposits and a sandy loess. This complex, older than 800Kyr, restricted to the depression, is covered by saalian and weichselian loesses.'

Environment/lithology:

• clayey sand

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Site found in 1848 by M. de Boisvillette. Material held in the Musee des Sciences naturelles et de Prehistoire de Chartres, Museum national d'Histoire naturelle a Paris (in part in the old collection of the l'Ecole des Mines), and a small part in the Centre des Sciences de la Terre de l'Universite Claude Bernard-Lyon-1.

Primary reference: C. Guerin, Y. Dewolf, and J.P. Lautridou. 2003. Revision d'un site paleontologique celebre: Saint-Prest (Chartres, France). GĂ©obios 36:55-82 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34459: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 02.09.2003, edited by Matthew Carrano

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Open forest landscape under a temperate wet climate, near a river (Eure).
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Castoridae
"Trogontherium cuvieri" = Trogontherium cuvieri, "Conodontes boisvillettii n. sp." = Trogontherium cuvieri1
"Trogontherium cuvieri" = Trogontherium cuvieri Owen 1846 beaver
Trogontherium cuvieri boisvilletti
"Conodontes boisvillettii n. sp." = Trogontherium cuvieri1 Owen 1846 beaver
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus2 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Pachycrocuta brevirostris Gervais 1850 brown hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth
Mammuthus meridionalis depereti
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus major Cuvier 1824 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Alces carnutorum moose
plus 2 phalanges which may be Alces
Cervus cf. elephas deer
Cervidae sp. 1, Cervus cf. elephas
aff. Dama sp. Frisch 1775 fallow deer
Cervidae sp. 2, aff. Dama sp.