Nossa Senhora Aparecida Cave (Pleistocene to of Brazil)

Where: Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (21.1° S, 56.6° W: paleocoordinates 21.1° S, 56.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• "Quaternary" meaning "Holocene-Pleistocene," with no carbon dates

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; claystone

• "limestone cave"
• "clayey sedimentary layers"

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, sieve,

• a collection totalling "around 450 fragments" was taken "during the last four years" up to 2006 with "screen-washing" with successive mesh sizes of "10.0mm, 5.0mm, and 2.5mm" and is in the Mammal Collection of the Museum Nacional/UFRJ

Primary reference: L. O. Salles, C. Cartelle, P. G. Guedes, P. C. Boggiani, A. Janoo and C. A. M. Russo. 2006. Quaternary mammals from Serra do Bodoquena, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Boletim do Museu Nacional 521:1-12 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 92813: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 30.11.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• "amphibians, snakes, and crocodiles, as well as invertebrates" are present but not detailed
 Rodentia - Muridae
Bolomys sp. Thomas 1916 bolo mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Scapteromys tumidus Waterhouse 1837 Waterhouse's swamp rat
Akodon sp. Meyen 1833 akodont
Kunsia tomentosus Lichtenstein 1830 giant rat
Oligoryzomys sp. Bangs 1900 pygmy rice rat
Holochilus brasiliensis Desmarest 1819 Brazilian marsh rat
Calomys sp. Waterhouse 1837 vesper mouse
 Rodentia - Caviidae
Cavia sp. Pallas 1766 guinea pig
 Rodentia - Echimyidae
Clyomys sp. Thomas 1916 spiny rat
 Didelphimorphia - Didelphidae
Monodelphis domestica Wagner 1842 gray short-tailed opposum
Thylamys macrura fat-tailed mouse opossum
Thylamys sp. Gray 1843 fat-tailed mouse opossum
Gracilinanus sp. Gardner and Creighton 1989 gracile opposum