Grotte de l'Observatoire, unknown level (Pleistocene to of Monaco)

Where: Monaco (43.7° N, 7.4° E: paleocoordinates 43.7° N, 7.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Pleistocene to Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; siliciclastic sediments

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Repository: Musée d'Anthropologie préhistorique de Monaco

Primary reference: M. Boule and L. De Villeneuve. 1927. La grotte de l'Observatoire à Monaco. Archives de l'Institut de Paléontologie Humaine Mémoire 1:1-113 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 191730: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 10.02.2018

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Scolopax rusticola Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian woodcock
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Coturnix coturnix Linnaeus 1758 common quail
Perdix perdix Linnaeus 1758 grey partridge
"Caccabis saxatilis" = Alectoris graeca saxatilis Bechstein 1805 rock partridge
"Caccabis rufa" = Alectoris rufa Linnaeus 1758 red-legged partridge
Gallus sp. Brisson 1766 junglefowl
Lyrurus tetrix Linnaeus 1758 black grouse
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
"Caccabis petrosa" = Ptilopachus petrosus
"Caccabis petrosa" = Ptilopachus petrosus Gmelin 1789 stone partridge
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Spatula clypeata Linnaeus 1758 northern shoveler
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus 1758 common kestrel
Falco peregrinus Tunstall 1771 peregrine falcon
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo bubo Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian eagle-owl
Strix aluco Linnaeus 1758 tawny owl
Athene noctua Scopoli 1769 little owl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Columba livia Gmelin 1789 rock pigeon
Columba palumbus Linnaeus 1758 common wood-pigeon
Columba oenas Linnaeus 1758 stock dove
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Pica pica Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian magpie
Pyrrhocorax graculus Linnaeus 1766 yellow-billed chough
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax Linnaeus 1758 red-billed chough
Corvus corax Linnaeus 1758 common raven
Corvus corone Linnaeus 1758 carrion crow
 Passeriformes - Sturnidae
Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus 1758 European starling
 Passeriformes - Turdidae
Turdus sp. Linnaeus 1758 true thrush
Turdus pilaris or T. viscivorus
Turdus iliacus Linnaeus 1758 redwing
Turdus merula Linnaeus 1758 common blackbird
Turdus torquatus Linnaeus 1758 ring ouzel
"Turdus varius" = Zoothera aurea Hollandre 1825 White's thrush
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Colymbus sp. Linnaeus 1758 grebe
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipiter gentilis Linnaeus 1758 northern goshawk
Buteo buteo Linnaeus 1758 common buzzard
Gypaetus barbatus Linnaeus 1758 bearded vulture
Haliaeetus albicilla Linnaeus 1758 white-tailed eagle
"Aquila chrysaetus" = Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus 1758 golden eagle
"Vultur monachus" = Aegypius monachus Linnaeus 1766 cinereous vulture
"Circus macrurus" = Circus macrourus Gmelin 1770 pallid harrier
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
"Phalacrocorax graculus" = Phalacrocorax aristotelis
"Phalacrocorax graculus" = Phalacrocorax aristotelis Linnaeus 1761 European shag
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
"Mus sylvaticus" = Apodemus sylvaticus
"Mus sylvaticus" = Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Arvicola terrestris Linnaeus 1758 European water vole
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
 Rodentia - Gliridae
"Myoxus (Glis) glis" = Glis glis
"Myoxus (Glis) glis" = Glis glis Linnaeus 1766 edible doormouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
"Lepus (Oryctolagus) cuniculus" = Oryctolagus cuniculus
"Lepus (Oryctolagus) cuniculus" = Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus arctos Linnaeus 1758 brown bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Mustela martes" = Martes martes Linnaeus 1758 European pine marten
Mustela (Putorius) lutreola Linnaeus 1761 polecat
Meles taxus Boddaert 1785 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes vulgaris Oken 1816 fox
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis (Lynx) lynx" = Lynx lynx, Felis ocreata
"Felis (Lynx) lynx" = Lynx lynx Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian lynx
Felis ocreata Gmelin 1791 cat
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Ovis sp. Linnaeus 1758 sheep
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus (Dama) somonensis Cuvier 1800 fallow deer