Epi Island (Miocene of Vanuatu)

Where: Vanuatu (16.7° S, 168.3° E: paleocoordinates 16.7° S, 168.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: Unknown lithostratigraphic unit. AGE: Late Miocene in Abrard (1946) and Ladd (1966, 1977, 1982), presumably on the basis of foraminiferal and macrofossil affinities to other dated Indo-Pacific faunas (e.g. Fiji).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified, tuffaceous, calcareous sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Shallow marine, siliciclastic setting.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Calcareous, tuffaceous sandstone. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, based on figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by de la Rüe in 1934-1936

• COLLECTOR: E. A. de la Rüe (1934-1936). REPOSITORY: Not stated in text, possibly MNHN, Paris.

Primary reference: R. Abrard. 1946. Fossiles Néogénes et Quaternaires des Nouvelles-Hébrides. Annales de Paléontologie 32:1-112 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 77902: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 22.01.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda and bivalvia. NOMENCLATURE: Rather antiquated, but with species-resolution assignments. Nomenclature updated by Ladd (1966, 1977, 1982) where possible.
 Nummulitacea - Nummulitidae
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca (Acar) plicata" = Acar plicata, "Arca (Navicula) avellana" = Arca avellana, Arca (Barbatia) cf. lima, "Arca (Anadara) subtijidamarensis" = Anadara
"Arca (Acar) plicata" = Acar plicata Dillwyn 1817 miniature ark
"Arca (Navicula) avellana" = Arca avellana Lamarck 1819 ark
Arca (Barbatia) cf. lima Reeve 1844 clam
"Arca (Anadara) subtijidamarensis" = Anadara ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Pectunculus laddi" = Glycymeris
"Pectunculus laddi" = Glycymeris clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus candidus Lamarck 1819 scallop
"Chlamys (Aequipecten) pallium" = Gloripallium pallium Linnaeus 1758 royal cloak scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
"Lima (Ctenoides) auberti" = Ctenoides
"Lima (Ctenoides) auberti" = Ctenoides file clam
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Avicula sp. Bruguière 1791 pearl oyster
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Cardiida - Glossidae
"Isocardia (Meiocardia) moltkiana" = Meiocardia moltkiana
"Isocardia (Meiocardia) moltkiana" = Meiocardia moltkiana Gmelin 1791 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Antigona (Ventricola) vitiensis, Venus (Timoclea) fischeri, "Meretrix (Amiantis) sinuatocostata" = Amiantis, "Meretrix (Callista) sp." = Callista, "Meretrix (Pitaria) sp." = Pitaria, Circe (Crista) pulchella
"Meretrix (Amiantis) sinuatocostata" = Amiantis venus clam
"Meretrix (Callista) sp." = Callista Poli 1791 venus clam
"Meretrix (Pitaria) sp." = Pitaria Roemer 1857 venus clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium (Trachycardium) aff. arenicola" = Acrosterigma (Vasticardium) arenicola, "Cardium (Trachycardium) laddi" = Trachycardium, "Cardium (Laevicardium) mansfieldi" = Laevicardium, "Cardium (Laevicardium) sp." = Laevicardium, "Cardium (Laevicardium) auberti" = Laevicardium, "Cardium (Ctenocardia) victor" = Ctenocardia (Ctenocardia) victor, "Cardium (Ctenocardia) fornicatum" = Ctenocardia (Ctenocardia) fornicata
"Cardium (Trachycardium) aff. arenicola" = Acrosterigma (Vasticardium) arenicola Reeve 1845 cockle
"Cardium (Trachycardium) laddi" = Trachycardium cockle
"Cardium (Laevicardium) mansfieldi" = Laevicardium cockle
"Cardium (Laevicardium) sp." = Laevicardium Swainson 1840 cockle
"Cardium (Laevicardium) auberti" = Laevicardium cockle
"Cardium (Ctenocardia) victor" = Ctenocardia (Ctenocardia) victor Angas 1872 cockle
"Cardium (Ctenocardia) fornicatum" = Ctenocardia (Ctenocardia) fornicata Sowerby 1840 cockle
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
"Mitrularia equestris" = Cheilea equestris
"Mitrularia equestris" = Cheilea equestris Linnaeus 1758 hoof shell
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica (Mamma) mamilla" = Natica (Natica) mamilla
"Natica (Mamma) mamilla" = Natica (Natica) mamilla Linnaeus 1758 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Ranella (Apollo) sp. Lamarck 1816 triton shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Siliquariidae
"Tenagodes (Agathirses) aff. cumingi" = Tenagodus
"Tenagodes (Agathirses) aff. cumingi" = Tenagodus snail
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidaris (Phyllacanthus) imperialis Lamarck 1816 pencil urchin
 Scleractinia - Fungiidae
"Fungia vaughani" = Cycloseris vaughani
"Fungia vaughani" = Cycloseris vaughani Boschma 1923 stony coral