Penghu Channel (Pleistocene of Taiwan)

Also known as Between Penghu Island and Taiwan

Where: Taiwan (23.0° N, 120.0° E: paleocoordinates 23.0° N, 120.0° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: dredged from the sea floor by fishermen

Primary reference: C.-H. Chang. 1996. The first fossil record of a short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) from the Penghu Channel. Bulletin of the National Museum of Science (Taichung) 8:73-80 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 73686: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 25.06.2007, edited by Philip Mannion and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
"Trionyx liupani n. sp." = Rafetus swinhoei3
"Trionyx liupani n. sp." = Rafetus swinhoei3 Gray 1873 softshell turtle
Private collection in Tainan, Taiwan (syntype), a nearly complete cranium (Tao 1986, text figs. 1, 3, 5, 7 and figs. 2, 4, 6, 9); private collection in Chia-Yi, Taiwan (syntype), a hyohypoplastron (Tao 1986, text fig. 9 and figs. 8, 10–12).
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator sinensis2 Fauvel 1879 Chinese alligator
NMNS006394-F051722 (nearly complete skull occluded with the mandible)
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus arctos Linnaeus 1758 brown bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Nyctereutes procyonoides Gray 1834 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera tigris Linnaeus 1758 tiger
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta ultima spotted hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Palaeoloxodon sp." = Elephas, Palaeoloxodon naumanni4
"Palaeoloxodon sp." = Elephas Linnaeus 1758 elephant
originally entered as "Paleoloxodon sp."
Palaeoloxodon naumanni4 Makiyama 1924 elephant
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bubalus teilhardi Young 1932 water buffalo
Bubalus youngi Chow and Hsu 1957 water buffalo
 Ungulata - Cervidae
"Cervus sp." = Cervus, "Elaphurus menzierianus" = Cervus4, Elaphurus davidianus
"Cervus sp." = Cervus Linnaeus 1758 deer
"Elaphurus menzierianus" = Cervus4 Pere David's deer
Elaphurus davidianus Milne Edwards 1866 deer
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenopteridae indet.1 Gray 1864 rorqual
Megaptera novaeangliae1 Brisson 1762 humpback whale
 Cetacea - Balaenidae
Balaenidae indet.4 Gray 1821 right whale
 Cetacea - Eschrichtiidae
Eschrichtius sp.5 Gray 1864 gray whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
Globicephala macrorhynchus Gray 1846 short-finned pilot whale