Quarry L-41 (Jebel Qatrani Formation) (Oligocene of Egypt)

Also known as lower sequence; Fayum Faunal Zone 1

Where: Fayum, Egypt (29.5° N, 30.5° E: paleocoordinates 26.1° N, 27.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Jebel Qatrani Formation, Rupelian (33.9 - 28.1 Ma)

• "more likely" represents Chron 13r and therefore is "very latest Eocene in age" (Gunnell et al. 2008); Rupelian age after Coster et al. (2012), Chron 13R is Oligocene not Eocene

Environment/lithology: lacustrine; unlithified, green, silty mudstone

• "a lacustrine deposit; vertebrates may have been flushed into the area during large storms" (Gunnell et al. 2008)
• Lithologic description based on direct observation by data enterer.

•Said to be a "green shale" or "green clay" by Simons (1989)

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 1983, 1987, 1988

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ),

Primary reference: M. Gagnon. 1997. Ecological diversity and community ecology in the Fayum sequence (Egypt). Journal of Human Evolution 32:133-160 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd/P. Coster]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 60127: authorized by Patricia Holroyd, entered by Patricia Holroyd on 02.05.2006, edited by John Alroy, K. Christopher Beard, Mark Uhen, Philip Mannion and Pauline Coster

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Only mammals reported.
Aves
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae indet.5 Sundevall 1836 stork
 Ornithurae - Eremopezidae
Eremopezus eocaenus8 Andrews 1904 bird
Mammalia
 Primates -
Arsinoea kallimos n. gen. n. sp.14
Arsinoea kallimos n. gen. n. sp.14 Simons 1992 monkey
 Primates - Parapithecidae
"Abuqatrania basiodontos n. gen. n. sp." = Qatrania basiodontos17
"Abuqatrania basiodontos n. gen. n. sp." = Qatrania basiodontos17 Simons et al. 2001 monkey
 Primates - Proteopithecidae
Proteopithecus sylviae n. gen. n. sp.13, Serapia eocaena n. gen. n. sp.14
Proteopithecus sylviae n. gen. n. sp.13 Simons 1989 monkey
CGM 42209 and 42217, and DPC 16873 and17031
Serapia eocaena n. gen. n. sp.14 Simons 1992 monkey
 Primates - Oligopithecidae
Catopithecus browni n. gen. n. sp.13
Catopithecus browni n. gen. n. sp.13 Simons 1989 monkey
CGM 41885 - holotype; DPC 8701 - referred skull
 Primates - Galagidae
Wadilemur elegans n. gen. n. sp.15
Wadilemur elegans n. gen. n. sp.15 Simons 1997 galago
 Primates -
Plesiopithecus teras n. gen. n. sp.14, Aframonius diedies n. gen. n. sp.16
Plesiopithecus teras n. gen. n. sp.14 Simons 1992 primate
Aframonius diedies n. gen. n. sp.16 Simons et al. 1995 primate
 Primates - Notharctidae
Anchomomys milleri n. sp.15 Simons 1997 primate
 Glires -
 Rodentia -
Mubhammys vadumensis n. gen. n. sp.9, "Acritophiomys bowni n. gen. n. sp." = Phiomys bowni11, cf. Birkamys sp.9, Birkamys korai n. gen. n. sp.9
Mubhammys vadumensis n. gen. n. sp.9 Sallam and Seiffert 2016 rodent
CGM 66001 - holotype; referred material: DPC 14324, 13220 and 14141
"Acritophiomys bowni n. gen. n. sp." = Phiomys bowni11 Sallam et al. 2012 rodent
CGM 83705 - holotype; referred material: DPC specimens
cf. Birkamys sp.9 Sallam and Seiffert 2016 rodent
DPC 17995
Birkamys korai n. gen. n. sp.9 Sallam and Seiffert 2016 rodent
CGM 66000 - holotype; referred material: DPC 9276, 15625, 17457 and 22737
 Rodentia - Gaudeamuridae
Gaudeamus aff. aslius10 Sallam et al. 2011 rodent
DPC 12990
Gaudeamus aslius n. sp.10 Sallam et al. 2011 rodent
Gaudeamus hylaeus n. sp.10 Sallam et al. 2011 rodent
CGM 66007 - holotype; referred material: DPC specimens
Gaudeamus aff. hylaeus10 Sallam et al. 2011 rodent
DPC 17624 and 14487
 Rodentia - Myophiomyidae
"Phiomys lavocati" = Talahphiomys lavocati
"Phiomys lavocati" = Talahphiomys lavocati Wood 1968 rodent
 Chiroptera - Megadermatidae
Saharaderma pseudovampyrus n. gen. n. sp.3 Gunnell et al. 2008 false vampire
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Khonsunycteris aegypticus n. gen. n. sp.3
Khonsunycteris aegypticus n. gen. n. sp.3 Gunnell et al. 2008 vesper bat
 Chiroptera - Emballonuridae
Dhofarella sigei n. sp.3 Gunnell et al. 2008 sac-winged bat
 Ferae -
Creodonta indet. Cope 1875 creodont
 Embrithopoda -
Arsinoitherium sp. Beadnell 1902 placental
 Hyracoidea - Titanohyracidae
Titanohyrax "sp. nov. B" Matsumoto 1922 hyrax
Antilohyrax pectidens n. gen. n. sp.7 Rasmussen and Simons 2000 hyrax
 Hyracoidea - Pliohyracidae
Saghatherium bowni Rasmussen and Simons 1991 hyrax
Thyrohyrax litholagus6 Rasmussen and Simons 1991 hyrax
Thyrohyrax meyeri Rasmussen and Simons 1991 hyrax
Bunohyrax sp. n. sp. Schlosser 1910 hyrax
Geniohyus sp. n. sp. Andrews 1904 hyrax
Megalohyrax aff. eocaenus Andrews 1903 hyrax
 Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
Herodotius pattersoni Simons et al. 1991 elephant shrew
 Tribosphenida -
Widanelfarasia bowni n. gen. n. sp.12 Seiffert and Simons 2000 placental
Widanelfarasia rasmusseni n. sp.12 Seiffert and Simons 2000 placental
 Hyaenodonta -
Masrasector nananubis n. sp.2 Borths and Seiffert 2017 eutherian
Brychotherium ephalmos n. gen. n. sp.1 Borths et al. 2016 eutherian
CGM 83750 - holotype; referred material: DPC 11569, 11990 and 17627
"Metasinopa" sp. n. sp. Osborn 1909 eutherian
 Hyaenodonta - Hyainailouridae
Apterodon sp. n. sp., "Pterodontinae "new genus and species D"" = Hyainailourinae4, Akhnatenavus nefertiticyon n. sp.1
Apterodon sp. n. sp. Fischer 1880 eutherian
"Pterodontinae "new genus and species D"" = Hyainailourinae4 Pilgrim 1932 eutherian
DPC 6545
Akhnatenavus nefertiticyon n. sp.1 Borths et al. 2016 eutherian
 Polyprotodonta -
 Artiodactyla -
Artiodactyla "gen. nov. & sp. nov. A" Owen 1848 even-toed ungulate
Artiodactyla "gen. nov. & sp. nov. B" Owen 1848 even-toed ungulate
 Insectivora -
 Ptolemaiida - Ptolemaiidae
Ptolemaiidae indet. Osborn 1908 mammal
said to be a new genus and species