Taqah (Oligocene of Oman)

Where: Dhofar, Oman (17.1° N, 54.4° E: paleocoordinates 10.2° N, 47.5° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Shizar Member (Ashawq Formation), Early/Lower Oligocene (33.9 - 28.4 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; lithified, argillaceous, calcareous marl

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Primary reference: H. Thomas, J. Roger, S. Sen and Z. Al-Sulaimani. 1988. Découverte des plus anciens «anthropoïdes» du continent arabo-africain et d'un primate tarsiiforme dans l'Oligocène du sultanat d'Oman. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences de Paris, Série 2 306(12):823-829 [P. Coster/P. Coster]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 162464: authorized by Pauline Coster, entered by Pauline Coster on 25.09.2014, edited by Patricia Holroyd and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Haplophragmiina
 Lituolacea - Lituolidae
Lituolidae indet.10 de Blainville 1825
Rotaliina
 Nummulitacea - Nummulitidae
Nummulites sp.10 Lamarck 1801
 Discorbacea - Discorbidae
Discorbidae indet.10 Ehrenberg 1838
 Rotaliacea - Elphidiidae
Elphidium sp.10 Monfort 1808
unclassified
  -
Fungi indet.10 Jahn and Jahn 1959
"mushrooms and mushroom spores"
Malacostraca
 Decapoda -
Decapoda indet.10 Latreille 1802 decapod
Cirripedia
  -
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet.10 Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet.10 Cuvier 1797 snail
Actinopteri
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet.10 Cuvier 1817
 Teleostei -
Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Anura indet.10 Fischer von Waldheim 1813 frog
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudininae indet.10 Gray 1825 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
"Podocnemididae indet." = Podocnemidae10
"Podocnemididae indet." = Podocnemidae10 Cope 1868 sideneck turtle
 Crocodylia -
Crocodylia indet.10 Owen 1842 crocodilian
brevirostran crocodilians
 Squamata -
Serpentes indet.10 Stirton 1953 snake
Mammalia
 Primates - Parapithecidae
Parapithecidae indet.8 Schlosser 1911 monkey
cf. Apidium indet.8 Osborn 1908 monkey
 Primates - Propliopithecidae
Propliopithecidae indet.8 Straus 1961 monkey
"Moeripithecus markgrafi" = Propliopithecus haeckeli11 Schlosser 1911 monkey
Oligopithecus rogeri n. sp.4 Gheerbrant et al. 1995 monkey
 Primates -
Omanodon minor n. gen. n. sp.3
Omanodon minor n. gen. n. sp.3 Gheerbrant et al. 1993 primate
 Primates - Notharctidae
Shizarodon dhofarensis n. gen. n. sp.3
Shizarodon dhofarensis n. gen. n. sp.3 Gheerbrant et al. 1993 primate
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetidae indet.8 Fischer von Waldheim 1817 mouse
 Rodentia - Anomaluridae
Anomaluridae indet.8 Gill 1872 scaly-tailed squirrel
 Rodentia -
cf. Metaphiomys spp.8 Osborn 1908 rodent
Metaphiomys cf. schaubi8 Wood 1968 rodent
Phiomys cf. andrewsi8 Osborn 1908 rodent
 Rodentia - Myophiomyidae
"Phiomys cf. lavocati" = Talahphiomys lavocati9
"Phiomys cf. lavocati" = Talahphiomys lavocati9 Wood 1968 rodent
 Chiroptera -
Microchiroptera indet.7 Dobson 1875 bat
incertae sedis
 Chiroptera - Philisidae
Philisis sevketi n. sp.7 bat
cf. Philisis sp.7 Sigé 1985 bat
 Chiroptera - Emballonuridae
Dhofarella thaleri n. sp.7 Sigé et al. 1994 sac-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Hipposideridae
Hipposideridae indet.7 Lydekker 1891 leaf-nosed bat
Hipposideros omani n. sp.7 Sigé et al. 1994 roundleaf bat
 Chiroptera - Nycterididae
Chibanycteris herberti n. gen. n. sp.7
Chibanycteris herberti n. gen. n. sp.7 Sigé et al. 1994 bat
 Proboscidea - Palaeomastodontidae
Phiomia sp.8 Andrews and Beadnell 1902 proboscidean
ONHM TQ 15
 Embrithopoda - Arsinoitheriidae
Arsinotherium andrewsi5 placental
ONHM TQ 1992-1-3
 Embrithopoda -
cf. Arsinoitherium indet.8 Beadnell 1902 placental
 Hyracoidea - Pliohyracidae
Thyrohyrax meyeri6 Rasmussen and Simons 1991 hyrax
 Hyaenodonta -
Masrasector ligabuei n. sp.1 Crochet et al. 1990 eutherian
 Theriiformes - Herpetotheriidae
"Qatranitherium aff. africanum" = Peratherium africanus2
"Qatranitherium aff. africanum" = Peratherium africanus2 Simons and Bown 1984 marsupial
Asteroidea
  -
Asteroidea indet.10 de Blainville 1830 sea star
Echinoidea
  -
Echinoidea indet.10 Leske 1778 sea urchin
unclassified
  -
Cnidaria indet.10 Hatschek 1888
"corals"
Plantae indet.10 Haeckel 1866
"plant macrofossils"