Rexroad KU Locality 3: Blancan, Kansas

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Testudo rexroadensis Oelrich 1952
Oelrich 1952
synonym of Hesperotestudo orthopygia
UMMP 9399 (paratype), parts of a carapace and a complete plastron
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Cathartidae
Pliogyps fisheri n. gen., n. sp. Tordoff 1959
Tordoff 1959
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Ardeidae
Egretta sp. Forster 1817
Moseley and Feduccia 1975
Reptilia - Squamata - Iguanidae
Phrynosoma cornutum
Oelrich 1954
Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe obsoleta (Say 1823)
Brattstrom 1967
Coluber constrictor Linnaeus 1758
Brattstrom 1967
Lampropeltis getulus (Linnaeus 1766)
Brattstrom 1967
Heterodon plionasicus Peters 1953
Brattstrom 1967
Heterodon platyrhinos (Latreille 1801)
Brattstrom 1967
Thamnophis sp. Fitzinger 1843
Brattstrom 1967
Natrix sp. Laurenti 1768
Brattstrom 1967
    = Nerodia sp. Baird and Girard 1853
Alroy 2009
Reptilia - Squamata - Crotalidae
Agkistrodon contortix
Brattstrom 1967
nomen dubium belonging to Crocopoda
Sistrurus catenatus
Brattstrom 1967
Crotalus viridis
Brattstrom 1967
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
Calomys eliasi (Hibbard 1937)
    = Bensonomys eliasi Hibbard 1937
Alroy 2002
recombined as Calomys (Bensonomys) eliasi
Sigmodon intermedius Hibbard 1937
    = Sigmodon minor Gidley 1922
Alroy 2002
Neotoma quadriplicata n. sp. (Hibbard 1941)
see Hibbard 1941a
Nebraskomys sp. Hibbard 1957
(1 measurement)
    = Nebraskomys rexroadensis Hibbard 1970
Hibbard 1970
Ogmodontomys poaphagus n. sp. Hibbard 1941
see Hibbard 1941a
Symmetrodontomys simplicidens n. sp. Hibbard 1941
see Hibbard 1941a
Peromyscus kansasensis n. sp. Hibbard 1941
see Hibbard 1941a
Peromyscus baumgartneri n. sp. Hibbard 1954
see Hibbard 1954b
Onychomys gidleyi n. sp. Hibbard 1941
see Hibbard 1941a
Mammalia - Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus howelli n. sp. (Hibbard 1941)
see Hibbard 1941a
Spermophilus rexroadensis n. sp. (Hibbard 1941)
see Hibbard 1941a
Mammalia - Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys minor Gidley 1922
    = Nerterogeomys minor Gidley 1922
Alroy 2002
presumably includes "G. sp." of Hibbard 1941b
Geomys jacobi n. sp. Hibbard 1967
see Hibbard 1967
Mammalia - Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Liomys centralis n. sp. Hibbard 1941
    = Prodipodomys centralis Hibbard 1941
Alroy 2002
see Hibbard 1941a; includes "Prodipodomys rexroadensis" type of Hibbard 1954b
Perognathus gidleyi Hibbard 1941
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Procastoroides sweeti Barbour and Schultz 1937
Dipoides rexroadensis Hibbard and Riggs 1949
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Nekrolagus progressus n. sp. (Hibbard 1939)
see Hibbard 1939a
Hypolagus regalis n. sp. Hibbard 1939
see Hibbard 1939a
Hypolagus ringoldensis Gustafson 1978
White 1988
Notolagus lepusculus n. sp. (Hibbard 1939)
see Hibbard 1939a
Pratilepus kansasensis n. sp. Hibbard 1939
see Hibbard 1939a
Mammalia - Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Hesperoscalops rexroadi Hibbard 1941
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Nannippus peninsulatus (Cope 1885)
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758
Mammalia - Soricidae
Sorex taylori Hibbard 1937
Mammalia - Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Lasiurus fossilis Hibbard 1950
a bat
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mephitidae
Spilogale rexroadi n. sp. Hibbard 1941
see Hibbard 1941a
Mammalia - Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon rexroadensis n. sp. Hibbard 1941
see Hibbard 1941a (6 measurements)
Bassariscus casei n. sp. Hibbard 1952
see Hibbard 1952d
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae
Trigonictis kansasensis n. sp. Hibbard 1941
(4 measurements)
    = Trigonictis macrodon Cope 1868
Ray et al. 1981
Hibbard 1941a
Buisnictis breviramus n. sp. (Hibbard 1941)
see Hibbard 1941a
Satherium piscinarium (Leidy 1873)
gender corrected by Bjork 1973; Bjork also lists "S. ingens"; (2+1)
Taxidea taxus (Schreber 1778)
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lepophagus Johnston 1938
    = Canis ferox Miller and Carranza-Castaneda 1998
Tedford et al. 2009
lists C. ferox from Rexroad 3, but not C. lepophagus
Urocyon progressus Stevens 1965
described by Bjork 1973
Borophagus sp. Cope 1892
described by Bjork 1973
Mammalia - Carnivora - Felidae
Homotheriini indet. Fabrini 1890
(1 measurement)
    = Megantereon hesperus Gazin 1933
Berta and Galiano 1983
"Ischyrosmilus?... affinities with the Dinobastis group" of Bjork 1973
Felis rexroadensis n. sp. Stephens 1959
    = Lynx rexroadensis Stephens 1959
Alroy 2002
original and current combination Felis rexroadensis
see Stephens 1959
Mammalia - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp. Harlan 1825
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Stegomastodon rexroadensis Woodburne 1961
    = Stegomastodon primitivus Osborn 1936
Alroy 2002
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Platygonus bicalcaratus Cope 1893
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Hemiauchenia blancoensis (Meade 1945)
    = Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893
Alroy 2002
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Odocoileus brachyodontus Oelrich 1953
    = Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832
Wheatley and Ruez 2003
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Antilocapridae
Antilocapridae indet. Gray 1866
see common names

Country:United States State/province:Kansas County:Meade
Coordinates: 37.2° North, 100.3° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:37.3° North, 99.7° West
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Geographic resolution:small collection
10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
*Period:Tertiary *Epoch:Pliocene
Key time interval:Blancan
Age range of interval:4.90000 - 1.80000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Formation:Rexroad Member:upper
Local section:Meade Local bed:2
Local order:bottom to top
Lithology and environment
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Museum repositories:UMMP
Taxonomic list comments:this is the original locality pillaged by a CCC crew in 1936
W 1/2 SW 1/4 sec 22 T 33 S R 29 W
"Baiomys rexroadi" appears to be a lapsus as the type is actually from Locality 2a: Hibbard 1950
may include UMMP Protocitta ajax specimen of Brodkorb 1972 from "Rexroad Formation... at Rexroad Ranch"
Database number:19936
Authorizer:J. Alroy, P. Holroyd, E. Vlachos, J. Marcot Enterer:J. Alroy, P. Holroyd, E. Vlachos, J. Marcot
Modifier:J. Alroy Research group:vertebrate
Collections that are a subset of this one:154240
Created:1993-02-18 00:00:00 Last modified:2009-07-15 19:08:31
Access level:the public Released:1993-02-18 00:00:00
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

1894. C. W. Hibbard. 1970. in Dort and Jones [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]

Secondary references:

6294 J. Alroy. 2002. Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil mammals. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
29343 J. Alroy. 2009. High-handed opinions on taxonomy and other matters. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
10645% 28140A. Berta and H. Galiano. 1983. Megantereon hesperus from the late Hemphillian of Florida with remarks on the phylogenetic relationships of machairodonts (Mammalia, Felidae, Machairodontinae). Journal of Paleontology 57(5):892-899 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
30836 B. H. Brattstrom. 1967. A succession of Pliocene and Pleistocene snake faunas from the High Plains of the United States. Copeia 1967(1):188-202 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
25097 P. Brodkorb. 1972. Neogene fossil jays from the Great Plains. The Condor 74(3):347-349 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
18935% 39480C. W. Hibbard. 1970. A new microtine rodent from the upper Pliocene of Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 23(7):99-103 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Head]
7594 C. Moseley and A. Feduccia. 1975. Upper Pliocene herons and ibises from North America. University of Michigan Papers on Paleontology 12:71-74 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
64804 T. M. Oelrich. 1952. A new Testudo from the upper Pliocene of Kansas with additional notes on associated Rexroad mammals. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 55(3):300-311 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]
64984 T. M. Oelrich. 1954. A Horned Toad, Phrynosoma cornutum, from the Upper Pliocene of Kansas. Copeia 1954(4):262-263 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd]
2841 C. E. Ray, E. Anderson, and S. D. Webb. 1981. The Blancan carnivore Trigonictis (Mammalia: Mustelidae) in the Eastern United States. Brimleyana 5:1-36 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
52058 R. H. Tedford, X. Wang, and B. E. Taylor. 2009. Phylogenetic Systematics of the North American Fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 325:1-218 [J. Marcot/J. Marcot]
28665 H. B. Tordoff. 1959. A condor from the Upper Pliocene of Kansas. Condor 61(5):338-343 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
3632 J. A. White. 1988. The Archaeolaginae (Mammalia, Lagomorpha) of North America, Excluding Archaeolagus and Panolax. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 7(4):425-450 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]