Saint-Privat-des-Vieux: MP 26, France

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Salientia - Alytidae
Alytidae indet. Fitzinger 1843
18 elements
"Genus Discoglossus or Latonia"; 4 incomplete maxillae (ISE-M, UM2 SPV714), 1 angular (SPV715), 2 urostyles (SPV716), 1 scapula (SPV702), 1 humerus (SPV703), 9 ilia (SPV 701 and 717)
Salientia - Ranidae
Pelophylax sp. Fitzinger 1843
14 elements
4 incomplete maxillae (ISE-M, UM2 SPV718), 1 angular (SPV719), 1 vertebra (SPV720), 1 urostyle (SPV721), 1 humerus (SPV705), 6 ilia (SPV704 and 722)
Caudata
Caudata indet. Scopoli 1777
3 elements
1 radius (ISE-M, UM2 SPV711), 1 femur (SPV712), and 1 incomplete humerus (SPV713)
Urodela
cf. Chelotriton sp. Pomel 1853
1 element
1 incomplete trunk vertebra (ISE-M, UM2 SPV710)
Reptilia - Testudines
Chelonia indet. (Latreille 1800)
5 fragments
synonym of Testudines
5 fragments of plates (SPV743)
Reptilia - Crocodylia
Crocodylia indet. (Owen 1842)
200 elements
presumably Diplocynodon; about 200 isolated more or less complete conical (ISE-M, UM2 SPV744) and globular (SPV745) teeth, and 5 fragments of skull bones (SPV746)
Reptilia - Krokolithidae
Krokolithes sp. Hirsch 1985
7 fragments
Ootaxon, "may represent eggs of Diplocynodon"; 7 small fragments, 1 to 3 mm² and 0.33 to 0.45 mm thick (SPV750)
Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet. Bonaparte 1831
2 fragments
amblyodont form; 2 fragments of dentigerous bone (ISE-M, UM2 SPV726)
cf. Pseudeumeces sp. Hoffstetter 1944
1 fragment
1 anterior portion of a dentary (ISE-M, UM2 SPV706)
Lacerta cf. filholi Augé 1988
15 fragments
6 incomplete maxillae (ISE-M, UM2 SPV723), 5 incomplete dentaries (SPV724), 4 fragments of dentigerous bone (SPV725)
Reptilia - Squamata
? Shinisauria indet. Conrad 2008
2 fragments
1 incomplete maxilla (ISE-M, UM2 SPV709), and 1 dentary fragment (SPV730)
Reptilia - Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803
160 elements
"Ophisaurus sensu lato"; 6 trunk vertebrae (ISE-M, UM2 SPV727), 15 caudal vertebrae (SPV728), and about 140 osteoderms (SPV729)
Reptilia - Squamata
Booidea indet. Gray 1825
5 elements
5 trunk vertebrae (ISE-M, UM2 SPV742)
Reptilia - Squamata - Tropidophiidae
Platyspondylia sp. Rage 1974
15 elements
11 trunk vertebrae (ISE-M, UM2 SPV737), and 4 caudal vertebrae (SPV738 to 741)
Reptilia - Squamata
Lacertilia indet. (Owen 1842)
2 elements
"Lizard indet."; 1 incomplete parietal (ISE-M, UM2 SPV735), 1 incomplete frontal (SPV736)
Amphisbaenia informal A
2 elements
2 fragmentary dentaries (ISE-M, UM2 SPV707 and 731)
Amphisbaenia informal B
1 element
1 incomplete dentary (ISE-M, UM2 SPV708)
Amphisbaenia indet. (Gray 1844)
12 elements
1 premaxilla (ISE-M, UM2 SPV734), and 11 trunk vertebrae (SPV732 and 733)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Theridomyidae
Protechimys major Schlosser 1884
17 elements
2 p4 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV01), 1 fragment of left dp4 prelobe (SPV03), 4 complete m1-2 (SPV04 to 07), 3 fragments of m1-2 trigonids (no catalogue no. given), 1 right m3 (SPV09), 2 fragments of right maxillaries with severe digestion traces bearing M1-M2 (SPV10), 1 right P4 (SPV13), 1 lingual fragment of left P4 (SPV12), 1 left M2 (SPV14), 1 left M1-2 (SPV unnumbered)
Issiodoromys pauffiensis Vianey-Liaud 1976
382 elements
29 DP4 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV200 to 228), 40 P4 (SPV229 to 266), 113 M1-2 (SPV 267 to 389), 26 M3 (SPV 390 to 414), 29 dp4 (SPV415 to 442), 21 p4 (SPV443 to 463), 101 m1-2 (SPV464-564), 23 m3 (SPV565 to 589)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetidae indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1817
1 element
1 fragment of a left maxilla bearing a well-worn M1 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV20)
Pseudocricetodon incertus (Schlosser 1884)
150 elements
37 M1, 31 M2, 8 M3, 18 m1, 33 m2, 11 m3, and "numerous" lower incisors (catalogue numbers given only for a few specimens, are in the range of SPVxx to SPV1xx)
Heterocricetodon gaimersheimensis Freudenberg 1941
8 elements
1 right M1 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV170), 3 M2 (SPV171 to 173), 1 right M3 (SPV174), 1 right m1 (SPV175), 1 left m2 (SPV178), 1 left m3 (SPV179)
Eucricetodon huerzeleri Vianey-Liaud 1972
5 elements
1 maxillary fragment bearig M1 and M2 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV 165), 1 M1 (SPV 166), 1 M2 (SPV167), 1 M2 and 1 m2 fragments (SPV168 and 169)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Aplodontidae
Aplodontidae indet. Brandt 1855
3 fragments
2 small fragments of lower molars (ISE-M, UM2 SPV187 and 188), and 1 small fragment of an upper molar (SPV189)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Sciuridae
Comtia bernardi n. gen., n. sp. Vianey-Liaud et al. 2014
1 element
Holotype: right M?1 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV190)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Gliridae
Gliravus bruijni Hugueney 1967
5 elements
recombined as Schizogliravus bruijni
2 M1-2 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV192 and 193), 3 m1-2 (SPV194 to 196)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Eomyidae
Eomys aff. zitteli Schlosser 1884
5 elements
1 P4 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV180), 1 M1-2 (SPV181), 1 p4 (SPV185), 1 m1-2 (SPV184), 1 digested lower tooth row (SPV183)
Mammalia - Lipotyphla - Talpidae
cf. Geotrypus sp. Pomel 1848
3 elements
1 complete m1?, 1 broken m2?, and 1 p (ISE-M, UM2 SPV800 to 802)
Mammalia - Chiroptera - Molossidae
Cuvierimops sp. Legendre and Sigé 1983
9 elements
1 left m2 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV812), 1 left m3 (SPV814), 1 fragment of left mandible bearing p4-m1 (SPV810), 1 right C (SPV815), 1 left P4 (no catalogue no. given), 1 left M1 (SPV816), 2 right M2 (SPV817), 1 fragmentary M3 (SPV820)
Mammalia - Carnivora
cf. Palaeogale sp. von Meyer 1846
1 element
1 incomplete left p3 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV620, figured as "SPV680")
Mammalia - Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Thereutherium thylacodes Filhol 1876
1 element
1 distal fragment of right M1 (ISE-M, UM2 SPV621, figured as "distal fragment of right M2, SPV 681")
Mammalia
Peratherium cf. elegans Aymard 1846
4 fragments
4 fragments of M1-2-3? (ISE-M, UM2 SPV790 to 793)
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Cainotheriidae
Caenomeryx cf. communis
2 elements
probably refers to Caenomeryx procommunis (Filhol, 1877), see comments on taxonomic list; 1 right mandible fragment with alveoli of p1 to p3 and with well preserved p4, 1 right P4 (no catalogue numbers given)
Plesiomeryx sp. Gervais
2 elements
1 left DP3, 1 fragment of right upper molar (ISE-M, UM2 SPV650)
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Gelocidae
Bachitherium sp. Filhol 1882
2 elements
1 rght P4, 1 trigonid of a left lower molar (no catalogue numbers given)
Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Lophiomerycidae
Lophiomeryx cf. chalaniati Pomel 1853
3 elements
1 left P4, 1 left p3, 1 calcaneum (ISE-M, UM2 SPV700)
see common names

Geography
Country:France State/province:Gard County:Alès
Coordinates: 44.1° North, 4.1° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:43.9° North, 1.5° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Geographic resolution:small collection
Time
Period:Paleogene Epoch:Oligocene
Stage:Chattian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 4
Key time interval:MP 26
Age range of interval:28.40000 - 23.03000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Stratigraphy comments: Lower Chattian, MP 26
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:lenticular carbonaceous mudstone
Secondary lithology:brown argillaceous "limestone"
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "The fossils come from a dark lenticular layer, about 20 cm thick, extending a few meters long, rich in organic matter and aquatic snails, overlying a layer of beige to pale brown marly limestone displaying numerous fragments of plants."
Environment:mire/swamp
Geology comments: As follows from the taphonomic considerations of Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014), the dark layer is interpreted as a swamp deposit.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Lagerst�tten type:concentrate
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Feeding/predation traces:gastric dissolution
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:sieve,field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Collection method comments: Although not explicitly stated by Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014), the fossils well may have been obtained by screenwashing.
The material from Saint-Privat-des-Vieux is housed in the Collections of Paleontology, Institut des Sciences-de l’Évolution, Montpellier 2 University (ISE-M, UM2).
Taxonomic list comments:Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014) cite one of the cainotheriid artiodactyls as "Caenomeryx indet. cf. communis (Filhol, 1877)". There are, however, only two currently recognized Caenomeryx species (see Erfurt & Metais, 2007, in Prothero & Foss: The Evolution of Artiodactyls, p. 71) and only one was originally described by Filhol in 1877: Caenomeryx procommunis (orig. comb. Cainotherium procommune). The species cited by Filhol (1877, Ann. Sci. Geol. 8, p. 212) as "Cainotherium commune, E. Geof." was actually described by Bravard (1835) and is currently considered a junior synonym of Cainotherium laticurvatum Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire 1833 (Erfurt & Metais, 2007). Hence, the name "Caenomeryx indet. cf. communis (Filhol, 1877)" cited by Vianey-Liaud et al. (2014) probably refers to Caenomeryx procommunis (Filhol, 1877).
Metadata
Also known as:Alès Basin
Database number:172927
Authorizer:J. Mueller Enterer:T. Liebrecht
Modifier:T. Liebrecht Research group:vertebrate
Created:2015-09-01 07:26:09 Last modified:2015-09-02 10:09:11
Access level:the public Released:2015-09-01 07:26:09
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

56216. M. Vianey-Liaud, B. Comte, B. Marandat, S. Peigné, J.-C. Rage and J. Sudre. 2014. A new early late Oligocene (MP 26) continental vertebrate fauna from Saint-Privat-des-Vieux (Alès Basin, Gard, Southern France). Geodiversitas 36(4):565-622 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]