Santa Fe River IIA (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Gilchrist County, Florida (29.7° N, 82.6° W: paleocoordinates 29.7° N, 82.4° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: S. D. Webb. 1974. Chronology of Florida Pleistocene mammals. In S. D. Webb (ed.), Pleistocene Mammals of Florida 5-31 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 20520: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 07.06.1994

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• said by Kurten and Anderson 1980 to be late Illinoian and by Morgan and White 1995 to be "Rancholabrean"
"Felis concolor" is a Blancan specimen of Miracinonyx inexpectatus: Morgan and Seymour 1997
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Graptemys cf. barbouri2 Carr and Marchand 1942 Barbour's map turtle
from "Santa Fe River II" (said to be entirely Rancholabrean)
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Neofiber alleni True 1884 round-tailed muskrat
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys pinetis Rafinesque 1817 southeastern pocket gopher
described by Wilkins 1984
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis Kuhl 1820 American beaver
Castoroides ohioensis Foster 1838 giant beaver
 Rodentia - Caviidae
Neochoerus aesopi3 Leidy 1853 caviomorph
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis Sellards 1918 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus fraternus Leidy 1858 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus Pallas 1780 black bear
Tremarctos floridanus Gidley 1928 Florida cave bear
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
confirmed by Nowak 1979
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis rufus" = Lynx rufus, "Felis onca" = Panthera onca, "Felis atrox" = Uncia atrox
"Felis rufus" = Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
"Felis onca" = Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
"Felis onca augusta"
"Felis atrox" = Uncia atrox Leidy 1853 cat
 Xenarthra - Dasypodidae
Dasypus bellus Simpson 1929 beautiful armadillo
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
"Chlamytherium septentrionalis" = Holmesina septentrionalis
"Chlamytherium septentrionalis" = Holmesina septentrionalis Leidy 1889 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon cf. harlani1 Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Glyptotherium floridanum" = Glyptotherium cylindricum
"Glyptotherium floridanum" = Glyptotherium cylindricum Brown 1912 Florida glyptodont
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
either "M. floridanus or M. columbi"
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus sp. Cope 1869 peccary
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Palaeolama mirifica Simpson 1929 stout-legged llama
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer