West Turkana - Nachukui I (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 146, NC1, Nachukui I,

Where: Rift Valley, Kenya (4.2° N, 35.8° E: paleocoordinates 4.2° N, 35.7° E)

When: Nariokotome Member (Nachukui Formation), Calabrian (1.8 - 0.8 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: between Lower Nariokotome Tuff (1.33 +/- 0.03) and Kale Tuff(nearest date on Silbo Tuff - 0.74 +/- 0.01 - K/Ar and Ar/Ar radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; sandstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: lake_margin ETE event: ., ETE env comment: .
• ETE rock type adj: coarse-grained, ETE lithology comments: also volcanic clast conglomerates and siltstone; poorly-sorted

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 6, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: J. M. Harris, F.H. Brown, and M.G. Leakey. 1988. Stratigraphy and Paleontology of pliocene and Pleistocene Localities West of Lake Turkana, Kenya. Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 399:1-128 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21347: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 13.06.1991, edited by John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Theropithecus oswaldi Andrews 1916 gelada
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki Dietrich 1915 elephant
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: recki
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Suidae
Metridiochoerus modestus van Hoepen and van Hoepen 1932 pig
Metridiochoerus compactus Van Hoepen and Van Hoepen 1932 pig
Kolpochoerus limnetes Hopwood 1926 pig
Kolpochoerus majus Hopwood 1934 pig
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
Hippopotamus gorgops Dietrich 1928 hippo
Hippopotamus aethiopicus Coryndon and Coppens 1975 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffa sp. Brisson 1762 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Caprini C-W.Turkana
Syncerus cf. caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: or Taurotragus sp.
Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini-med
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini-sm
cf. Megalotragus sp. van Hoepen 1932 antelope
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini-medium
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini-large
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Ogilby 1833 waterbuck
Aepyceros cf. melampus Lichtenstein 1812 impala