Hadar - SH General (Pliocene of Ethiopia)

Also known as ETE Locality 601, Hadar - SH General,

Where: Ethiopia (11.1° N, 40.6° E: paleocoordinates 11.0° N, 40.4° E)

When: Sidi Hakoma Member (Hadar Formation), Piacenzian (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: Max = SHT (correlated to Tulu Bor Tuff at E. Turkana, 3.36+-.04ma), Min = TT4 (3.221+-.01ma) radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: 0
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: numerous complex lateral facies, sandstone,gastropod levels in shelly siltstone,silty clays,clayey silts with CaCo3 con.

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 88, 88, ; ETE museum list: ENM

Primary reference: D. C. Johanson and M. Taieb. 1976. Plio-Pleistocene hominid discoveries in Hadar, Ethiopia. Nature 260:293-297 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/P. Muhl]more details

PaleoDB collection 21783: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 02.10.1995, edited by John Damuth and Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
 Primates - Hominidae
"Australopithecus afarensis" = Praeanthropus africanus
"Australopithecus afarensis" = Praeanthropus africanus Weinert 1950 ape
 Rodentia - Muridae
Praomys sp. Thomas 1915 African soft-furred rat
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Diceros bicornis Linnaeus 1758 black rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Percrocutidae
Percrocuta sp. Kretzoi 1938 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Enhydriodon sp. Falconer 1868 otter
ETE occurrence; species: A-Hadar
Poecilogale sp. Thomas 1883 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis cf. mesomelas Schreber 1775 black-backed jackal
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon sp. Croizet and Jobert 1828 cat
Homotherium sp. Fabrini 1890 cat
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
Panthera sp. Oken 1816 cat
Dinofelis sp. Zdansky 1924 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Viverra sp. Linnaeus 1758 civet
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Herpestes sp. Illliger 1811 mongoose
Herpestes sp. Illliger 1811 mongoose
ETE occurrence; species: subgenus=Galerella
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta sp. Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg 1934 deinothere
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Nyanzachoerus kanamensis Leakey 1958 pig
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
Kolpochoerus afarensis Cooke 1978 pig
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
"Trilobophorus afarensis n. gen. n. sp." = Hippopotamus afarensis, Hexaprotodon protoamphibius
"Trilobophorus afarensis n. gen. n. sp." = Hippopotamus afarensis Geze 1985 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Sivatherium maurusium Pomel 1893 giraffe
Giraffa stillei Arambourg 1947 giraffe
Giraffa jumae Leakey 1967 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini 2-Hadar
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini 3-Hadar
Ugandax sp. Cooke and Coryndon 1970 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: sp.nov.-Hadar
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: sp.nov.-Hadar
Raphicerus sp. Smith 1827 antelope
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
Damalops sp. Pilgrim 1939 antelope
Kobus sp. Smith 1840 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: A-Hadar
Kobus sp. Smith 1840 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: C-Hadar
Kobus sp. Smith 1840 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: B-Hadar
Aepyceros sp. Sundevall 1847 impala