Lainyamok (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 783, Lainyamok,

Where: Kenya (1.8° S, 36.3° E: paleocoordinates 1.8° S, 36.2° E)

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: Max = 392,000 +- 4000yrs, Min = 330,000+-6000 yrs radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: siltstone

• ETE sed env 1: volcanic, ETE sed env 2: lake_margin ETE event: ., ETE env comment: 0
• ETE rock type adj: mudflow, ETE lithology comments: volcanic mudflow deposited subaerially under high energy conditions

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 487, 485, 482, 481, 480, 479, 478, 477, 454, 81, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: R. Potts and A. Deino. 1995. Mid-Pleistocene change in large mammal faunas of East Africa. Quaternary Research 43:106-113 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21963: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 18.08.1997, edited by John Damuth and Richard Potts

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rodentia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sp. Linnaeus 1758 human
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Papio sp. Erxleben 1777 baboon
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys sp. Fitzinger 1867 cane rat
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: .; Double entry removed, abundance could be 2
 Glires - Ierboidae
Pedetes sp. Illiger 1811 springhaas
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus capensis Linnaeus 1758 cape hare
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp., "Equus grevyi" = Equus (Dolichohippus) grevyi, "Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
"Equus grevyi" = Equus (Dolichohippus) grevyi Oustalet 1882 Grevy's zebra
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mellivora capensis Schreber 1776 honey badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Canidae
Lycaon pictus Temminck 1820 African wild dog
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
Canis mesomelas Schreber 1775 black-backed jackal
Canis adustus Sundevall 1847 side-striped jackal
Otocyon sp. Müller 1835 bat-eared fox
Otocyon megalotis Desmarest 1822 bat-eared fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Felidae
"Felis caracal" = Caracal caracal Schreber 1776 caracal
Felis libyca Forster 1780 African wildcat
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Ichneumia albicauda Cuvier 1829 white-tailed mongoose
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus 1758 striped hyaena
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Elephantidae
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procavia sp. Storr 1780 Cape hyrax
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Suidae
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffa sp. Brisson 1762 giraffe
Giraffa camelopardalis Linnaeus 1758 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae
Bovini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovini
Taurotragus oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Madoqua sp. Ogilby 1837 dikdik
Antilopini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Antilopini
Antidorcas sp. Sundevall 1847 springbok
Gazella thomsoni Gunther 1884 Thomson's gazelle
Gazella granti Brooke 1872 Grant's gazelle
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini
Damaliscus lunatus Burchell 1823 common tsessebe
Damaliscus cf. dorcas Pallas 1766 bontebok
Connochaetes sp. Lichtenstein 1812 wildebeest
Litocranius walleri Brooke 1878 antelope
Hippotragini indet. Sundevall 1845 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hippotragini
Oryx sp. de Blainville 1816 oryx
Oryx beisa Rüppell 1835 East African oryx
Hippotragus equinus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1803 roan antelope
Cephalophini indet. Blyth 1863 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cephalophini
Cephalophus sylvicultor Afzelius 1815 yellow-backed duiker
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini
Kobus sp. Smith 1840 antelope
Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein 1812 impala