Ishango - N.F.P. (Pleistocene of Congo-Kinshasa)

Also known as ETE Locality 887, Niveau fossilifere principal, Ishango - N.F.P.,

Where: Congo-Kinshasa (0.1° S, 29.6° E: paleocoordinates 0.1° S, 29.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "The first stage, characterised by the Ishangian levels, is illustrative for a Late Pleistocene hunter-fisher-gatherer Community adapted to relatively dry and open savanna living conditions. For the moment it is impossible to give a more precise estimate of the age of the Ishango culture, but it is not inconceivable that the N.F.PR. assemblage relates to one of somewhat drier phases that occurred within the second half of the Late Pleistocene, i.e. from ca. 21000 to 17500 BP or from 14500 to 12500 BP."

•ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: "Max age = 21,000 +/- 500 (date in NFP at Is11). Min age = 6890 +/- 75 (charcoal from the Katwe ash)." radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min. Niveau fossilifere principal.

Environment/lithology: lacustrine; lithology not reported

• ETE sed env 1: lacustrine, ETE sed env 2: lake_margin ETE event: ., ETE env comment: fluctuating shore
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: "dense concentration of bones and artifacts, possibly a debris wash"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 487, 483, 482, 481, 478, 477, 81, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: J. Peters. 1990. Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers at Ishango (eastern Zaire): the faunal evidence. Revue de Paléobiologie 9(1):73-112 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 22066: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 24.02.1999, edited by John Damuth and Richard Potts

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Cardiida - Sphaeriidae
Pisidium cf. victoriae Mandahl-Barth 1954 pea clam
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Sphaerium hartmanni Jickeli 1874 fingernail clam
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
 Cardiida - Corbiculidae
Corbicula consobrina Adams and Adams 1857 clam
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
 Unionida - Iridinidae
Aspatharia rubens Lamarck 1819 clam
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
 Unionida - Etheriidae
Etheria elliptica Lamarck 1807 clam
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
 Unionida - Mutelidae
Mutela ? nilotica Crosse 1881 clam
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
 Unionida - Unionidae
Coelatura bakeri Adams 1866 freshwater mussel
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
Coelatura acuminata Adams 1866 freshwater mussel
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullariidae
Pila ovata Olivier 1804 apple snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
Bellamya unicolor Olivier 1804 snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
 Cerithiacea - Thiaridae
Melanoides tuberculata Müller 1774 snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
 Rissooidea - Bithyniidae
Gabbiella humerosa Martens 1879 snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Gabbiella senaariensis Küster 1852 snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
 Sorbeoconcha - Paludomidae
Cleopatra bulimoides Olivier 1804 snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
 Pulmonata - Succineidae
Succinea ? baumanni Sturany 1894 amber snail
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Limicolaria martensiana Smith 1880 slug
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Achatina stuhlmanni von Martens 1892 slug
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
 Pulmonata - Subulinidae
Curvella indet. Chaper 1885 slug
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Ceratophallus apertus Martens 1897 pulmonate
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Ceratophallus kigeziensis Preston 1912 pulmonate
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Ceratophallus faini Adam 1957 pulmonate
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Burnupia cf. edwardiana Pilsbry and Bequaert 1927 pulmonate
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Gyraulus costulatus Krauss 1848 pulmonate
ETE qualitative abundance; species: .
Biomphalaria choanomphala Martens 1879 pulmonate
ETE qualitative abundance; species: mak - name shift
Actinopteri
 Cichliformes - Cichlidae
Cichlidae indet. Heckel 1840 cichlid
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Tilapiini
 Perciformes - Latidae
Lates niloticus Linnaeus 1758 Nile perch
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Barbus sp. Cuvier and Cloquet 1816 carp-like fish
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: bynni
Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 ripon barbel
Barbus bynni Forsskål 1775 binny
 Siluriformes - Mochokidae
Synodontis sp. Cuvier 1816 upside down catfish
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: frontosus
Synodontis schall Bloch and Schneider 1801 wahrindi
Synodontis frontosus Vaillant 1895 Sudan squeaker
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
Clarias cf. gariepinus catfish
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: cf. gariepinus, mak - species name from unique name
cf. Heterobranchus sp. Hilaire 1827 airbreathing catfish
Cladistia
 Polypteriformes - Polypteridae
Polypterus cf. senegalus bichir
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - species name from unique name
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Numenius phaeopus Linnaeus 1758 whimbrel
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus sp. Stephens 1819 francolin
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: F. squamata or nobilis
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Plectropterus gambensis Linnaeus 1766 spur-winged goose
Anas sp. Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus albicollis Latham 1790 white-necked raven
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
"Egretta alba" = Ardea alba
"Egretta alba" = Ardea alba Linnaeus 1758 great egret
 Pelecaniformes - Pelecanidae
Pelecanus rufescens Gmelin 1789 pink-backed pelican
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae "indet. 1" Sundevall 1836 stork
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Leptoptillinae
Ciconiidae "indet. 2" Sundevall 1836 stork
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Ciconiidae
Mycteria ibis Linnaeus 1766 yellow-billed stork
Anastomus lamelligerus Temminck 1823 African openbill
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthio camelus Linnaeus 1758 common ostrich
ETE occurrence; species: eggshell
 Phoenicopteriformes - Phoenicopteridae
"Phoeniconaias minor" = Phoenicoparrus minor
"Phoeniconaias minor" = Phoenicoparrus minor Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1798 lesser flamingo
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipitridae indet. Viellot 1816 hawk
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Accipitridae
Buteoninae indet. Vigors 1824 hawk
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Buteoninae
Haliaeetus vocifer Daudin 1800 African fish-eagle
Aegypiinae indet. Old World vulture
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Aegyptinae
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax carbo, "Phalacrocorax africanus" = Microcarbo africanus
Phalacrocorax carbo Linnaeus 1758 great cormorant
"Phalacrocorax africanus" = Microcarbo africanus Gmelin 1789 long-tailed cormorant
 Suliformes - Anhingidae
Anhinga melanogaster Pennant 1769 oriental darter
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: sapiens
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae sp. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cercopithecus or Colobus
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck 1827 greater cane rat
 Glires -
Lagomorpha indet. Brandt 1885 placental
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Lepus or Poelagus
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae sp. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Diceros or Ceratotherium
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus cf. burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli
"Equus cf. burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
 Ferae -
Carnivora indet. Bowditch 1821 carnivoran
ETE occurrence; species: Carnivora-sm
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lutra maculicollis Lichtenstein 1835 otter
Aonyx sp. Lesson 1827 clawless otter
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas 1904 giant forest hog
Potamochoerus sp. Gray 1854 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: or Phacochoerus
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae
Bovidae "small indet." Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae-sm
Bovidae "medium indet." Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae-md
Bovidae "large indet." Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae-lg
Bovidae "very large indet." Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae-v. lg
Pelorovis antiquus Duvernoy 1851 antelope
Tragelaphini indet. Blyth 1863 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Tragelaphini
Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
"Tragelaphus spekei" = Tragelaphus spekii Sclater 1864 sitatunga
Taurotragus sp. Wagner 1855 eland
Ourebia ourebi Zimmerman 1783 oribi
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini
Damaliscus lunatus Burchell 1823 common tsessebe
Hippotragus equinus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1803 roan antelope
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini
Redunca redunca Hamilton Smith 1827 bohor reedbuck
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Ogilby 1833 waterbuck
Osteichthyes
 Ceratodontiformes - Lepidosirenidae
Protopterus aethiopicus Heckel 1851 marbled lungfish