Middle Awash - Haradaso mbr. (Pliocene of Ethiopia)

Also known as ETE Locality 996, Middle Awash - Haradaso mbr.,

Where: Ethiopia (10.5° N, 40.5° E: paleocoordinates 10.2° N, 40.2° E)

When: Haradaso Member (Sagantole Formation), Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: "Max age=~4.4 my(LASS bas,tephrostratigraphy date);Min age=3.89+/-.02 (AT-1/VT-1, Ar/Ar&Ca/K dating)" radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: lake-floodplain seds
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: "clays, silts, sands, and lignitic shale contgrass&plant rem occur midseq"

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 85, ; ETE museum list: ENM

Primary reference: J. E. Kalb, C. J. Jolly, A. Mebrate, S. Tebedge, C. Smart, E.B. Oswald, D. Cramer, P. Whitehead, C.B. Wood, G.C. Conroy, T. Adefris, L. Sperling, and B. Kana. 1982. Fossil Mammals and Artifacts from the Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Nature 298:25-29 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22175: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 19.04.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE occurrence; species: Rodentia
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE occurrence; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE occurrence; species: Colobinae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE occurrence; species: cf. Papionini
Cercopithecus sp. Linnaeus 1758 monkey
Cercocebus sp. Geoffroy 1812 monkey
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE occurrence; species: Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus kenyensis MacInnes 1942 gomphothere
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Nyanzachoerus kanamensis Leakey 1958 pig
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hexaprotodon sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 pygmy hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
cf. Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
ETE occurrence; species: cf. Giraffidae
Sivatherium maurusium Pomel 1893 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Hippotragini indet. Sundevall 1845 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Hippotragini