Middle Silts/Gravels mbr. (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 1100, Baringo, Kapthurin, Middle Silts/Gravels mbr.,

Where: Kenya (0.5° N, 36.0° E: paleocoordinates 0.5° N, 35.9° E)

When: Middle Silts and Gravels Member (Kapthurin Formation), Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: composite, ETE age comment: Max age = .78 Ma;Min age = .25 +/- .12 Ma radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; siltstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: fluv gradi>lacustr in NE
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: light-br prly-strat slts w/thin grav horiz

Collection methods: ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 921, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: M. Pickford. 1988. Geology and fauna of the middle Miocene hominoid site at Muruyur,Baringo District,Kenya. Human Evolution 3(5):381-390 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22276: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 05.08.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Gastropoda
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
Melanoides sp. Olivier 1804 snail
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
Clarias sp. Scopoli 1777 catfish
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus sp. Laurenti 1768 crocodile
Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE occurrence; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sp., "Homo aff. erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus
Homo sp. Linnaeus 1758 human
"Homo aff. erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus Dubois 1892 human
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - species name from unique name
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Colobus sp., "Cercopithecus cf. aethiops" = Chlorocebus aethiops, Papio anubis
Colobus sp. Illiger 1811 monkey
"Cercopithecus cf. aethiops" = Chlorocebus aethiops Linnaeus 1758 vervet monkey
Papio anubis Cuvier 1824 olive baboon
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rattus cf. rattus Linnaeus 1758 black rat
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys sp. Fitzinger 1867 cane rat
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium cf. simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus sp. Geoffroy 1791 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Loxodonta sp. Cuvier 1825 elephant
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Heterohyrax sp. Gray 1868 rock hyrax
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Mesochoerus sp. Shaw and Cooke 1941 pig
Notochoerus sp. Broom 1925 pig
"Tapinochoerus sp." = Metridiochoerus Hopwood 1926 pig
Potamochoerus sp. Gray 1854 pig
Phacochoerus sp. Cuvier 1826 warthog
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Tragelaphus cf. scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
Antidorcas sp. Sundevall 1847 springbok
Alcelaphus sp. Blainville 1816 hartebeest
Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
Sylvicapra sp. Ogilby 1837 duiker
Redunca sp. Smith 1827 reedbuck
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Ogilby 1833 waterbuck