Artenac 'Bed 10', Commune de Saint-Mary, Charente, (Pleistocene of France)

Where: Poitou-Charentes, France (45.7° N, 0.2° E: paleocoordinates 45.6° N, 0.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: 4 Member, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• There are five members at this site ranging in age from the Middle to Upper Pleistocene. Members 1-3 (beds I-V) are Middle Pleistocene levels. The Upper Pleistocene is represented by Members 4-5 (beds 10-5). The macromammal fauna is subdivided into groups 1-3 (macromammal group 3 is only found in bed 10). Suggested date for bed 10 is OIS 5d, temperate phase.

Environment/lithology: cave

• clays and silts with stones and coproliths.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic, bone collector, coprolite

Collection methods: bulk,

• This material is still under study.

Primary reference: A. Delagnes, J.-F. Tournepiche, D. Armand, E. Desclaux, M.-F. Diot, C. Ferrier, V. Le Fillatre and B. Vandermeersch. 1999. Le gisement Pleistocene moyen et superieur d'Artenac (Saint-Mary, Charent): premier bilan interdisciplinaire. Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Francaise 96(4):469-496 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 43619: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 16.08.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Clethrionomys glareolus" = Myodes vole
Arvicola terrestris Linnaeus 1758 European water vole
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus 1766 garden doormouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus cf. europaeus Pallas 1778 European hare
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus caballus cf. germanicus
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex aff. araneus Linnaeus 1758 common shrew
Sorex group araneus/coronatus
Crocidura leucodon Hermann 1780 white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Vespertilio murinus Linnaeus 1758 vesper bat
Myotis cf. nattereri Kuhl 1818 vesper bat
Myotis cf. emarginatus Geoffroy 1806 vesper bat
Myotis myotis Borkhausen 1797 greater mouse-eared bat
Myotis bechsteini Leisler 1818 vesper bat
Miniopterus schreibersii bend-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
cf. Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela putorius Linnaeus 1758 European polecat
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus 1758 red fox
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx sp. Kerr 1792 lynx
Panthera (Leo) spelaea cat
Panthera (leo) spelaea
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
Crocuta crocuta spelaea
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus europaeus Linnaeus 1758 hedgehog
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
aff. Bos primigenius Bojanus 1827 ox
Bovinae essentially Bos primigenius
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae