Artenac 'Bed 6 composite list', Commune de Saint-Mary, Charente, (Pleistocene of France)

Also known as Artenac-en-Charente

Where: Poitou-Charentes, France (45.7° N, 0.2° E: paleocoordinates 45.6° N, 0.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: 5 Member, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• There are five members at this site ranging in age from the Middle to Upper Pleistocene. Members 1-3 (beds I-V) are Middle Pleistocene levels, the Upper Pleistocene is represented by Members 4-5 (beds 5-10). Bed 6 is ?Stage 5, temperate to cold. The micromammal collection for bed 6 is divided into 3 parts (6a, b, c) but the sediments and macromammals are not.

Environment/lithology: cave

• very rich matrix. Many small pebbles and occasional blocks.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Collection methods: bulk,

• This material is still under study.

Primary reference: A. Delagnes, J.-F. Tournepiche, D. Armand, E. Desclaux, M.-F. Diot, C. Ferrier, V. Le Fillatre and B. Vandermeersch. 1999. Le gisement Pleistocene moyen et superieur d'Artenac (Saint-Mary, Charent): premier bilan interdisciplinaire. Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Francaise 96(4):469-496 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 43631: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 17.08.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo neanderthalensis King 1864 Neanderthal
1 maxilla, 1 frontal.
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Clethrionomys glareolus" = Myodes vole
? Chionomys nivalis Martins 1842 vole
? on presence
Arvicola terrestris Linnaeus 1758 European water vole
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
Microtus oeconomus Pallas 1776 tundra vole
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus cf. superciliosus" = Spermophilus
"Citellus cf. superciliosus" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus cf. europaeus Pallas 1778 European hare
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus caballus ssp.
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex araneus Linnaeus 1758 common shrew
Sorex group araneus/coronatus
Neomys cf. fodiens Pennant 1771 Eurasian water shrew
Crocidura leucodon Hermann 1780 white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis cf. nattereri Kuhl 1818 vesper bat
Myotis cf. emarginatus Geoffroy 1806 vesper bat
Myotis myotis Borkhausen 1797 greater mouse-eared bat
Myotis bechsteini Leisler 1818 vesper bat
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Meles sp. Brisson 1762 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
Canis lupus lupus
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
Panthera leo spelaea
Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
Crocuta crocuta spelaea
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus europaeus Linnaeus 1758 hedgehog
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovinae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Rangifer tarandus Linnaeus 1758 reindeer
Capreolus capreolus Linnaeus 1758 European roe deer