Toca da Janela da Barra do Antoniao (Pleistocene of Brazil)

Where: Piaui, Brazil (9.0° S, 42.7° W: paleocoordinates 9.0° S, 42.7° W)

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine

• "lake at the foot of a cliff"

Collection methods: quarrying

Primary reference: C. Guerin. 1991. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 312:567-572 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 71332: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 09.03.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Lithic industry, human parietal, Caiman, tortoise, and Plecostomus aurogauttatus (Loricariidae) also present
Mammalia
 Notoungulata - Toxodontidae
Toxodon sp. Owen 1837 notoungulate
 Rodentia - Cuniculidae
Cuniculus sp. Brisson 1762 caviomorph
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus neogeus" = Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
"E. neogaeus"
 Carnivora - Canidae
Protocyon troglodytes Lund 1838 canid
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon populator, "Herpailurus yagouaroundi" = Puma yagouaroundi
Smilodon populator Lund 1842 saber-toothed cat
"Herpailurus yagouaroundi" = Puma yagouaroundi Geoffroy 1803 jaguarundi
"Felis yagouaroundi"
 Cingulata - Dasypodidae
Dasypus sp. Linnaeus 1758 armadillo
 Cingulata - Panochthidae
Panochthus greslebini Castellanos 1941 edentate
 Cingulata - Pampatheriidae
Pampatherium humboldtii Lund 1839 edentate
"Pampatherium humboldti"
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonychidae indet. Gervais 1855 edentate
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Eremotherium laurillardi Lund 1842 edentate
"E. lundi"
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Catonyx cuvieri McDonald 1839 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Hoplophorus euphractus" = Glyptodon euphractus, Glyptodon clavipes
"Hoplophorus euphractus" = Glyptodon euphractus Lund 1839 glyptodon
Glyptodon clavipes Owen 1839 glyptodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Haplomastodon sp." = Notiomastodon
"Haplomastodon sp." = Notiomastodon Cabrera 1929 gomphothere
"H. waringi"
 Ungulata - Macraucheniidae
"Macrauchenia cf. patachonica" = Macrauchenia patagonica
"Macrauchenia cf. patachonica" = Macrauchenia patagonica Owen 1838 eutherian
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
"Pecari tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu, Tayassu pecari
"Pecari tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu Linnaeus 1758 collared peccary
"Dicotyles tajacu"
Tayassu pecari Link 1795 white-lipped peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Palaeolama major Liais 1872 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Mazama sp. Rafinesque 1817 brocket deer