Black Head, Gerringong (USNM coll) (Permian of Australia)

Also known as Illawarra

Where: New South Wales, Australia (34.8° S, 150.8° E: paleocoordinates 70.1° S, 159.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Gerringong Formation, Wordian (268.8 - 265.1 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithified, volcaniclastic sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by J. Dana in 1838-1842; reposited in the USNM

Primary reference: J. D. Dana. 1847. Descriptions of fossil shells of the collections of the exploring expedition under the command of Charles Wilkes, USN, obtained in Australia, from the lower layers of the coal formation in Illawarra, and from a deposit probably of nearly the same age at Harper's Hill, Valley of the Hunter. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series 4:151-160 [G. Webster/G. Webster/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 83172: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 09.08.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Hyolitha
 Hyolithida - Australothecidae
"Theca lanceolata" = Australotheca lanceolata3 Morris 1845
Illawarrotheca wilkesi4 Malinky 2009
Part of specimens described as Theca lanceolata by Dana
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Dielasmatidae
"Terebratula amygdala n. sp." = Fletcherithyris biundata
"Terebratula amygdala n. sp." = Fletcherithyris biundata M'Coy 1847
 Spiriferida - Trigonotretidae
Sulciplica transversa5 Waterhouse 1968
 Spiriferida - Ingelarellidae
"Tomiopsis mantuanensis" = Ingelarella mantuanensis1
"Tomiopsis mantuanensis" = Ingelarella mantuanensis1 Campbell 1960
Lingulata
 Lingulida - Lingulidae
Lingula ovata n. sp. Dana 1847
Bivalvia
 Pholadida - Vacunellidae
"Myonia elongata n. sp." = Myonia elongata, "Myonia valida n. sp." = Myonia elongata
"Myonia elongata n. sp." = Myonia elongata Dana 1847 clam
"Myonia valida n. sp." = Myonia elongata Dana 1847 clam
 Cardiida - Kalenteridae
"Cardinia costata" = Stutchburia costata3
"Cardinia costata" = Stutchburia costata3 Morris 1845 clam
No loc in Dana; based on Waterhouse
 Pholadomyida - Megadesmidae
"Pyramus myiformis" = Pyramus myiformis3, "Maeonia axinia" = Pyramus myiformis3, "Astartila polita n. sp." = Astartila intrepida
"Pyramus myiformis" = Pyramus myiformis3 Dana 1847 clam
No loc in Dana; based on Waterhouse
"Maeonia axinia" = Pyramus myiformis3 Dana 1847 clam
No loc in Dana; based on Waterhouse
"Astartila polita n. sp." = Astartila intrepida Dana 1847 clam
Stenolaemata
 Trepostomida - Stenoporidae
"Chaetetes crinita" = Stenopora crinita3, Stenopora nigris n. sp.2, Stenopora frondescens n. sp.2
"Chaetetes crinita" = Stenopora crinita3 Lonsdale 1845
Stenopora nigris n. sp.2 Crockford 1943
Stenopora frondescens n. sp.2 Crockford 1943