Pilot Mountains locality MC (Triassic of the United States)

Where: Nevada (38.4° N, 118.0° W: paleocoordinates 15.3° N, 54.2° W)

When: lower Member (Luning Formation), Norian (228.0 - 208.5 Ma)

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified framestone and lithified wackestone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: G. D. Stanley, Jr. 1979. Paleoecology, structure, and distribution of Triassic coral buildups in western North America. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 65:1-68 [A. Miller/S. Kolbe]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 100391: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Sarah Kolbe on 09.12.2010, edited by Matthew Clapham and Wolfgang Kiessling

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Foraminifera
 Foraminifera -
  -
"Marginulina sp." = Cristellaria (Marginulina)
"Marginulina sp." = Cristellaria (Marginulina) d'Orbigny 1826
Nodosariata
 Nodosariida - Nodosariidae
cf. Nodosaria sp. Lamarck 1812
Foraminifera
  - Spiroplectamminidae
Spiroplectammina sp. Cushman 1927
 Endothyroidea - Endothyridae
Hydrozoa
 Spongiomorphida - Spongiomorphidae
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Microsolenidae
"Spongiomorpha dendriformis" = Eocomoseris ramosa
"Spongiomorpha dendriformis" = Eocomoseris ramosa Frech 1890 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Thamnasteriidae
Thamnasteria smithi Squires 1956 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Pamiroseriidae
"Actinastraea shastensis" = Minasteria shastensis, Ceriostella martini2, Ceriostella martini1, "Elysastraea parva" = Ceriostella parva
"Actinastraea shastensis" = Minasteria shastensis Smith 1927 stony coral
Ceriostella martini2 Smith 1927 stony coral
Ceriostella martini1 Smith 1927 stony coral
"Elysastraea parva" = Ceriostella parva Smith 1927 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Montlivaltiidae
Elysastraea profunda Reuss 1854 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Reimaniphylliidae
"Thamnasteria norica" = Oedalmia norica, ""Montlivaltia" marmorea" = Cuifia marmorea, ""Thecosmilia" norica" = Retiophyllia norica, ""Thecosmilia" fenestrata" = Retiophyllia fenestrata, ""Thecosmilia" delicatula" = Retiophyllia delicatula, "Palaeastraea cf. decussata" = Kuhnastraea decussata, ""Montlivaltia" norica" = Distichophyllia norica
"Thamnasteria norica" = Oedalmia norica Frech 1890 stony coral
""Montlivaltia" marmorea" = Cuifia marmorea Frech 1890 stony coral
""Thecosmilia" norica" = Retiophyllia norica Frech 1890 stony coral
""Thecosmilia" fenestrata" = Retiophyllia fenestrata Reuss 1854 stony coral
""Thecosmilia" delicatula" = Retiophyllia delicatula Frech 1890 stony coral
"Palaeastraea cf. decussata" = Kuhnastraea decussata Reuss 1854 stony coral
""Montlivaltia" norica" = Distichophyllia norica Frech 1890 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Coryphylliidae
Nevadoseris punctata2 Roniewicz and Stanley 2013 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Alpinophylliidae
"Margarastraea cf. norica" = Stuoresimorpha norica
"Margarastraea cf. norica" = Stuoresimorpha norica Frech 1890 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Stylophyllidae
Pinacophyllum cf. parallelum Frech 1890 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Astraeomorphidae
Astraeomorpha confusa Winckler 1861 stony coral
Astraeomorpha confusa and Astraeomorpha confusa var. minor
Demospongiae
 Verticillitida - Verticillitidae
"Polytholosia cylindrica" = Nevadathalamia cylindrica, "Polytholosia astoma" = Fanthalamia astoma, "Ascosymplegma expansum" = Cinnabaria expansa
"Polytholosia cylindrica" = Nevadathalamia cylindrica Seilacher 1962 demosponge
subsp. cylindrica and subsp. dialata
"Polytholosia astoma" = Fanthalamia astoma Seilacher 1962 demosponge
"Ascosymplegma expansum" = Cinnabaria expansa Seilacher 1962 demosponge
Malacostraca
 Decapoda -
Cardinia sp. Edwards 1837 decapod
Deuteropoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
Bivalvia
 Mytilida -
Mytiloidea sp. Rafinesque 1815 clam
 Ostreida - Cassianellidae
Cassianella sp. Beyrich 1862 oyster
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Trichites sp. Lhuyd 1760 oyster
 Ostreida - Posidoniidae
Posidonia sp. Bronn 1828 oyster
 Ostreida - Halobiidae
Halobia sp. Bronn 1830 oyster
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp., "Ostrea cf. montiscaprilis" = Umbrostrea montiscaprilis
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
"Ostrea cf. montiscaprilis" = Umbrostrea montiscaprilis Klipstein 1843 oyster
 Pectinida -
Pectinoidea sp. Rafinesque 1815 scallop
 Nuculida -
Nuculoidea sp. Gray 1824 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1795 snail
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Tainoceratidae
Pleuronautilus sp. von Mojsisovics 1882 nautiloid
 Nautilida - Liroceratidae
Paranautilus sp. Mojsisovics 1902 nautiloid
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida -
 Athyridida - Athyrididae
"cf. Spirigera sp." = Athyris (Spirigera)
"cf. Spirigera sp." = Athyris (Spirigera)
 Rhynchonellida -
 Spiriferinida - Spondylospiridae
 Spiriferinida - Spiriferinidae
Spirifera (Spiriferina) alia Hall and Whitfield 1877
Reptilia
 Ichthyosauria - Ichthyosauridae
Ichthyosaurus sp. Koenig 1818 ichthyosaur
Crinoidea
 Isocrinida - Isocrinidae
Isocrinus sp. von Meyer 1836 Sea lily
 Encrinida - Encrinidae
Encrinus sp. Lamarck 1801 Sea lily
Echinoidea
  -
Echinoidea indet. Leske 1778 sea urchin
 Cidaroida -
Cidaridea indet. Gray 1825 pencil urchin