Strait Canyon (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Highland County, Virginia (38.3° N, 79.6° W: paleocoordinates 38.3° N, 79.6° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. Eshelman and F. Grady. 1986. Quaternary vertebrate localities of Virginia and their avian and mammalian fauna. Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Publication 75:43-70 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 104697: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 08.02.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipiter striatus Vieillot 1897 sharp-shinned hawk
cf. Buteo jamaicensis Gmelin 1788 red-tailed hawk
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
"Philohela minor" = Scolopax minor
"Philohela minor" = Scolopax minor Gmelin 1789 American woodcock
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet. Vigors 1825 waterfowl
cf. Bucephala sp. Baird 1858 seaduck
cf. Lophodytes cucullatus Linnaeus 1758 hooded merganser
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
Colinus virginianus Linnaeus 1758 northern bobwhite
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
"cf. Dendragapus canadensis" = Falcipennis canadensis Linnaeus 1758 spruce grouse
Bonasa umbellus Linnaeus 1766 ruffed grouse
cf. Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus 1758 wild turkey
 Passeriformes - Icteridae
Agelaius phoeniceus Linnaeus 1766 red-winged blackbird
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Pica pica Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian magpie
cf. Corvus sp. Linnaeus 1758 crow
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Podilymbus podiceps Linnaeus 1758 pied-billed grebe
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallus limicola Vieillot 1819 Virginia rail
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo virginianus Gmelin 1788 great horned owl
 Piciformes - Picidae
Colaptes auratus Linnaeus 1758 northern flicker
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Ectopistes migratorius Linnaeus 1758 passenger pigeon
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma sp. Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
Peromyscus cf. maniculatus Wagner 1843 deer mouse
"Synaptomys borealis" = Synaptomys (Mictomys) borealis Richardson 1828 northern bog lemming
Neofiber leonardi Hibbard 1943 mouse
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
Microtus cf. pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
Clethrionomys gapperi Vigors 1830 southern red-backed vole
Phenacomys intermedius Merriam 1889 western heather vole
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Synaptomys cooperi Baird 1858 southern bog lemming
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
"Zapus hudsonicus" = Zapus hudsonius, Napaeozapus insignis
"Zapus hudsonicus" = Zapus hudsonius Zimmermann 1780 meadow jumping mouse
Napaeozapus insignis Miller 1891 woodland jumping mouse
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Pipistrellus subflavus Cuvier 1832 eastern pipistrelle bat
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 canid
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus cf. veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis
"Tapirus cf. veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis Sellards 1918 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus complicatus Leidy 1858 horse
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus nasutus Leidy 1868 peccary
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
cf. Alces alces Linnaeus 1758 moose
Cervus cf. elaphus Linnaeus 1758 red deer
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
"Symbos cavifrons" = Bootherium bombifrons
"Symbos cavifrons" = Bootherium bombifrons Harlan 1825 antelope
 Theriamorpha - Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 eastern mole
 Theriamorpha - Soricidae
Sorex cinereus Kerr 1792 cinereus shrew
Sorex fumeus Miller 1895 smoky shrew
Sorex dispar Batchelder 1896 long-tailed shrew
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon