Little Brak River (Pleistocene of South Africa)

Also known as Column 9

Where: South Africa (34.1° S, 22.1° E: paleocoordinates 34.1° S, 22.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: Lithostratigraphic relations are not discussed in text. AGE: Pleistocene, presumably. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: Unknown.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified siliciclastic sediments

• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Unknown. LITHIFICATION: Unknown. Assumed unlithified as it is described as a "raised beach".

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: Unknown. REPOSITORY: South African Museum. Originally reported by Rogers, 1906. Van

•Hoepen, I940, 1941. Also based on specimens in S. Afr. Museum.

Primary reference: K. H. Barnard. 1962. Revised list of South African late Tertiary and Pleistocene marine Mollusca. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 36(4):179-196 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 122940: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 07.01.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for mollusca. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, and with somewhat antiquated nomenclature, though with species-resolution identifications.
Gastropoda
 Heterostropha - Pyramidellidae
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
 Lepetellida - Fissurellidae
"Amblychilepas scutella" = Amblychilepas scutellum, Fissurella mutabilis
"Amblychilepas scutella" = Amblychilepas scutellum Gmelin 1791 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
 Opisthobranchia - Bullidae
Bulla ampulla Linnaeaus 1758 snail
 Cerithioidea - Cerithiidae
"Cerithidium fragrans" = Bittium (Cerithidium), Cerithium rufonodulosum, "Cerithium kochi" = Rhinoclavis kochi
"Cerithidium fragrans" = Bittium (Cerithidium) cerith snail
"Cerithium kochi" = Rhinoclavis kochi Philippi 1848 cerith snail
 Cerithioidea - Turritellidae
Turritella capensis turret shell
Turritella ferruginea turret shell
"Turritella carinifera" = Turritella (Torquesia) carinifera Deshayes 1824 turret shell
 Cerithioidea - Dialidae
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
"Crepidula aculeata" = Bostrycapulus aculeatus
"Crepidula aculeata" = Bostrycapulus aculeatus Gmelin 1791 slipper shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
"Polynices mamilla" = Polinices, Natica genuana, Natica cf. psila
"Polynices mamilla" = Polinices moon snail
Natica genuana moon snail
Natica cf. psila moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Rissoidae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Nassa kraussiana true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais dubia Krauss 1848 murex snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Cassidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Ranellidae
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima rotundata file clam
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Arcida - Arcidae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina madagascariensis Gmelin 1791 tellin clam
Gastrana abildgaardiana Spengler 1798 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
Diplodonta (Felania) agulhasensis, "Diplodonta (Felania) cf. senegalensis" = Felaniella senegalensis
"Diplodonta (Felania) cf. senegalensis" = Felaniella senegalensis Reeve 1850 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Venus verrucosa venus clam
Dosinia hepatica venus clam
Tapes corrugata venus clam
Tapes deshayesii venus clam
Tivela compressa venus clam
Tivela transversa venus clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
Lutraria sp. Lamarck 1799 clam
"Mactra ovalina" = Mactrotoma angusta Reeve 1854 surfclam
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Glycimeris queketti" = Glycymeris, Panopea natalensis
"Glycimeris queketti" = Glycymeris clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae